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Was germany to blame for WWI?

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Was Germany to Blame for World War One? Germany surrendered on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. Although Germany was not defeated on the battlefield, its civilians were starving, its troops were demoralized, and the Generals saw no chance of victory. The peace negotiations were held at Versailles in France. When the Treaty of Versailles was written up, Clause 231 stated: "The Allied governments affirm, and Germany accepts, the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied governments and their peoples have been subjected as a result of the war." Germany was guilty for causing the war. But although Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles, it refused to accept the blame. Historians have argued about this issue ever since. Was Germany really guilty for causing WWI? Would the war have happened without Kaiser Wilhelm II's aggressive foreign policy? Or were there many other causes and countries who share the blame for the war? This essay will analyze the extent of Germany's responsibility in the outbreak of World War One. ...read more.


If it was really a cause not only Germany should have been blamed but also Great Britain. Although German-French relations were in trouble since the 1870 Franco-Prussian War, the Moroccan Crises of 1905 and 1911 nearly led to war between the great rivals. The Moroccan crisis was, from the French point of view a very unfair thing to do. France wanted to conquer Morocco but they didn't want the Germans to gain colonies in Africa so why could the French gain colonies and the Germans don't? But this Moroccan crisis at last didn't cause a war. Although when the First World War started both countries had anger and bitterness towards the other and this encouraged them to fight one against the other in a war that they didn't cause. Although Germany was blamed for the outbreak of the war, if it was according to the anger and bitterness left by the Moroccan crisis Germany and France would have to be blamed for the outbreak of the war, not only Germany. There were many long-term factors pushing Europe to war, but the spark that actually lit the flame was the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia (a part of Austria-Hungary) ...read more.


In response, another German historian, Gerhard Ritter claimed that Germany didn't have a plan for domination, and that is was only trying to support its main ally Austria Hungary and that the First World War was more the fault of the military than that of the German policy. Also he says that Germany's aim wasn't a war but to empower Austria Hungary, its only true ally. From my point of view, Ritter's thesis is more believable as he is trying to identify what really happened in the war without comparing anything to things that happened later in history. Nevertheless, I believe that Germany wasn't guilty for the outbreak of the First World War and that it shouldn't have been blamed just because they lost the war. I support this with what Ritter says that is a very intelligent and believable thesis that explains what really happened in the First World War. From my point of view, every country that participated in the war should have been blamed because they all caused damage and loss. But if there was just one country to blame I would say that the First World War was Serbia's fault because it was a Serbian terrorist who killed Franz Ferdinand and started the First World War. ...read more.

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