• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was germany to blame for WWI?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Was Germany to Blame for World War One? Germany surrendered on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. Although Germany was not defeated on the battlefield, its civilians were starving, its troops were demoralized, and the Generals saw no chance of victory. The peace negotiations were held at Versailles in France. When the Treaty of Versailles was written up, Clause 231 stated: "The Allied governments affirm, and Germany accepts, the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied governments and their peoples have been subjected as a result of the war." Germany was guilty for causing the war. But although Germany was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles, it refused to accept the blame. Historians have argued about this issue ever since. Was Germany really guilty for causing WWI? Would the war have happened without Kaiser Wilhelm II's aggressive foreign policy? Or were there many other causes and countries who share the blame for the war? This essay will analyze the extent of Germany's responsibility in the outbreak of World War One. ...read more.

Middle

If it was really a cause not only Germany should have been blamed but also Great Britain. Although German-French relations were in trouble since the 1870 Franco-Prussian War, the Moroccan Crises of 1905 and 1911 nearly led to war between the great rivals. The Moroccan crisis was, from the French point of view a very unfair thing to do. France wanted to conquer Morocco but they didn't want the Germans to gain colonies in Africa so why could the French gain colonies and the Germans don't? But this Moroccan crisis at last didn't cause a war. Although when the First World War started both countries had anger and bitterness towards the other and this encouraged them to fight one against the other in a war that they didn't cause. Although Germany was blamed for the outbreak of the war, if it was according to the anger and bitterness left by the Moroccan crisis Germany and France would have to be blamed for the outbreak of the war, not only Germany. There were many long-term factors pushing Europe to war, but the spark that actually lit the flame was the assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia (a part of Austria-Hungary) ...read more.

Conclusion

In response, another German historian, Gerhard Ritter claimed that Germany didn't have a plan for domination, and that is was only trying to support its main ally Austria Hungary and that the First World War was more the fault of the military than that of the German policy. Also he says that Germany's aim wasn't a war but to empower Austria Hungary, its only true ally. From my point of view, Ritter's thesis is more believable as he is trying to identify what really happened in the war without comparing anything to things that happened later in history. Nevertheless, I believe that Germany wasn't guilty for the outbreak of the First World War and that it shouldn't have been blamed just because they lost the war. I support this with what Ritter says that is a very intelligent and believable thesis that explains what really happened in the First World War. From my point of view, every country that participated in the war should have been blamed because they all caused damage and loss. But if there was just one country to blame I would say that the First World War was Serbia's fault because it was a Serbian terrorist who killed Franz Ferdinand and started the First World War. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Nazi Germany

    of the Kaiser's Germany, they liked his dictatorial style of govt., they wanted Germany to expand its territory, to have an empire,... o Kapp Putsch - March1920 - 5000 Freikorps (rebels and some of the army) were led to Berlin by Dr W.Kapp attempting to take power by force �

  2. Britain in WWI

    What is it we are fighting for? Everyone knows, and no one better than the government, the terrible, incalculable suffering, economic, social, personal and political, which war, and especially war between the Great Powers of the world, must entail" This speech reached many hearts in Britain but many also resigned from the government.

  1. Was the Tsar to blame for his own downfall?

    Furthermore, although the Tsar managed to handle and survive the Revolution of 1905, he mishandled the crisis and made things worse. A perfect example is "Bloody Sunday" were a peaceful procession heading to the palace to present the Tsar with a petition of grievances was stopped by troops shooting into the crowd.

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    From 1949 onwards, West Germany and West Berlin enjoyed great material prosperity- supermarkets, televisions, motorcars and nightclubs 3) In 1955 Western Germany was allowed to join NATO. From 1951 onwards Adenauer had committed Germany to membership of the European Coal and Steel Community or Schuman Plan, and the growing Franco

  1. Treaty Versailles Essay

    out.24 There were a total of 440 clauses in the final Treaty. 25 The first 26 clauses appointed with the establishment of the League of Nations and the remaining 414 clauses unfolded Germany's punishments.26 The terms of the treaty required Germany to make territorial sacrifices, to restrict its military forces

  2. Assessing the view that the outbreak of World War One was the responsibility of ...

    Many see this as the transition between Bismarck's conservatism, to the fresh ideologies of Kaiser Wilhelm who were both fifty years apart. Wilhelm had not wished to spend his time as the German Kaiser playing a passive role, like his grandfather had done, alongside Bismarck.5 This is where Kaiser Wilhelm's personal desires came into effect.

  1. To what extent was Germany responsible for WWI?

    Furthermore, it was humiliated in the Bosnian Crisis in 1908, at being forced to back down in supporting Serbia, having to accept the Austrian annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Whilst this gave reason for Russia to be resentful of this humiliation, the Austrian annexation was backed by Germany in the first place.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    the WB is inextricably linked to the concept of Eretz Israel. - The Likud party is also known for its extreme pursuit and acceleration of the Jewish settlements in the occupied territories, and issue which further complicated an already difficult peace process.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work