• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was the Tsar to blame for his own downfall?

Extracts from this document...


Was the Tsar to blame for his own downfall? In 1917, the great Russian Revolution took place overthrowing the Tsar and turning Russia into a republic. Bringing about the end of the Romanov Dynasty and the Tsarist system that had ruled Russia since 1613, the revolutions was a major turning point in Russian history. Historians have long debated who was in fact to blame for the significant event. Was it the Tsar Nicholas II himself who brought about his own downfall or were there other factors that contributed to the cause? There are several external factors that contributed to the downfall of the Tsar. First of all, "The Soviet View" argues that revolution was going to happen anyway. During the 19th century, Russia had endured great changes that began to question the Tsarist system such as the growth of capitalism in the 1890s with the "great spurt" under Witte, the chief minister. Between 1905 and 1914 Russian industrial production doubled. Industrialisation thus helped a working class emerge and soviets mantain that workers became class conscious and therefore revolutionary under the influence of the Bolsheviks. There was also political discontent bringing about an increase in strikes from 1912 showing the rise of the working class and their discontent with the system due to poor conditions in factories. ...read more.


Moreover, war made the transport system collapse as the improved railway system did not prove to be adequate for the demands of the war. People in St Petersburg became even more discontent and angry with the Tsar over this as they were far away from the food-producing regions. What made matters worse was that its population had increased due to the destitute refugees that were moving to the cities increasing demand for resources at a time were resources were scarce. The food intake of Petograd workers feel by a quarter and infant mortality rates doubled. Furthermore, Russia's heavy defeats against the world's best army during war such as the Battle of Massurian Lakes and Tannenberg badly affected the Tsarist government's reputation. War clearly undermined the Tsarist system. In fact, the Liberal View argues that if there had not been a war Revolution would never have come. Pavlovsky stated "Then, as a thunderbolt came the terrible catastrophe of 1914, and progress changed into destruction". The factors mentioned above convey that it was not the Tsar himself but rather the Tsarist system and the events that took place at that time that were to blame. The truth was that Russia due to its immense territory and ethnic diversity was difficult to reform and also difficult to rule. ...read more.


He also ignored the warnings from Michael Rodzianko who clearly told him that "Discontent is general and on the increase" and that the "formation of a new government was required". He, thus, did not accept the Duma's proposal to share government in time and when he finally did, Rodzianko told him it was simply too late for this concession. The actions of the Tsar and his government made even his closest and most loyal supporters turn against him. Even, the Tsar's cousin Prince Yusupov went against him and killed Rasputin in 1916. In 1917, at the eve of his downfall the Tsar was unaware of the seriousness of the situation and Alexandra disregarded warnings. In conclusion, although several external factors that aimed for the abolition of the Tsarist system were greatly to blame for the Tsar's downfall it was the Tsar's actions and incompetent nature that was mainly responsible for the revolution. His actions made his regime weak as he lost support from all his followers and from the army, his guarantor of stability. Although, war made things worse, it was only a catalyst to a revolution that was bound to happen due to the general discontent in the country. Without any support, the Tsar was made to abdicate his throne on 15th March 1917, bringing to an end his regime and the Tsarist system. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Russia 1905 revolution

    which retained the support of the nobles, the bureaucrats and the army. THE REIGN OF CZAR ALEXANDER II ( 1855-1881 ) Czar Alexander II began his reign in 1855 when Russia was defeated by Britain, France and Piedmont in the Crimean War.

  2. Was the Russian Revolution due more to tsars inadequacy as a ruler of the ...

    He is also the author of 18 published books and essays on Russia, past and present.

  1. Why did the Reds win the Russian Civil War?

    * The Reds were able to recruit more men as they were located in the center of Russia. o By 1920 the Whites were outnumbered by a factor of 1 to 10 by the Reds, and because of this staggering difference in the number of soldiers the Red armies totally dominated the Whites armies.

  2. China's socio-economic changes under Deng Xiaoping

    The goal of the "Four Modernizations" was to strengthen the sectors of agriculture, industry, technology and defence. Class struggle was no longer the central focus as it had been under Mao. The change in political climate was reflected in the propaganda posters of the 70s and 80s, which now promoted

  1. To what extent did Alexander Tsar II deserve the title of Tsar Liberator

    itself from below.2 The task which faced Alexander II was horribly complex. He was faced with the prospect of having to completely remodel the enormous state, abolish the age-old order founded on serfdom and with it change the whole structure of the country; the legal system, economic system, administration -

  2. How far was the Russo-Japanese War responsible for the outbreak of the 1905 Revolution?

    As it resulted in failure no money could be gained from the invaded territories. Russia had already had economic problems, and its economy was still far behind that of other Great Powers. Russia needed more money to invest in the economy to enlarge it, to make it more comparable to other Great Powers.

  1. Constitution and New Government

    Only in Albany, NY (one occurrence) resulted in injuries and deaths d. Whole people did not get involved in ratification process i. Women, blacks, un-propertied white males- no voice ii. 3/4 of people with voice failed to vote 1. Indifference iii. Of voters, most approved Ratification iv.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    of their identity and become Russian in terms of language, culture, religion, legal system, and elite. 3. Education especially was geared towards making nationalities loyal subjects. This included conscription. 4. Supported by 1. Bureaucrats from noble landowning families who wanted order and uniformity.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work