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Weimar Germany

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After the end of the First World War, Germany was in an absolute chaos; there were political extremities of the left and right wing parties and the economy was suffering from hyperinflation. These are the reasons why Weimar Germany, the parliamentary republic founded in the year 1919, failed, allowing Hitler to come into power. Yet, whether Weimar Germany's collapse was inevitable or not has been an ongoing debate between many historians. One of the reasons of its inevitability was that it had a weak government that could not control the anger and hatred of the people. The Treaty of Versailles in 1919 was a humiliation to the Imperial Germany as she was to be solely blamed for bringing about the Great War and had to pay unbearable amount of reparations. ...read more.


They were mostly composed of people from high social status during the Kaiser's regime which made it even more difficult for the government to handle them. Not only was Germany enduring from political unrest but she was also having difficulties economically; she had to pay 2% of her output as reparations annually which was a significant amount especially when she was greatly impacted by the Great Depression. As the situation got worse, the government decided to "print more money out" without thinking about the consequences that might follow. As a result, price of goods rose dramatically and the German currency became worthless. Nonetheless, it is an overstatement to argue that Weimar Germany was bound to fail. The Weimar Republic was unfortunate because its fate seemed to be more influenced by the external causes rather than the internal ones. ...read more.


After the First World War, the German society was full of instability, dissatisfaction and violence. It is true that the Weimar Republic had some difficulties in dealing with these problems but it was still able to maintain its regime and relative stability. Stresemann's success supports this point. It is in this sense that Weimar Republic's collapse was not inevitable. However, the external causes, the Great Depression in particular, led this vulnerable society into its eventual failure, thus Hitler's rise to power. Gustav Stresemann started leading the German government in 1923. He was an experienced politician who knew the needs of the Germans very well. Compared to Frederich Ebert, the former president, Stresemann had a relatively broad support as he was a right wing politician. He was a wise man who was able to make many achievements during his regime. First of all, Stresemann was able to recover the German economy after the Great War. ...read more.

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