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Weimar Republic

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Introduction

"By the beginning of 1929, the prospects for the survival of the Weimar Republic looked good." Thesis Statement: If prospects is defined as the likelihood or possibility of some future event occurring, and survival defined as the state or fact of continuing to live or exist, typically in spite of an accident, ordeal, or difficult circumstances, then from 1918-1929, the Weimar Republic had no prospect of survival as a result of the 'cultural boom' as it was ultimately blamed for allowing traditional German culture to be undermined as well as providing the Right and Nazi's to use it against the republic, the Weimar Republic had some economic prospect of survival with Stresseman saving the German currency as well as the development of the industry and Germany becoming an attraction for foreign investments, but still faced major economic problems as a result of Welfare state and an insecure economy, and lastly the Republic had a very likely prospect of survival in terms of Foreign policy, mainly as a result of Stresseman's foreign policy, which eventually led to the strengthening of the German economy, as well as the improvement of Germany's international position. Paragraph 1 - Culture Topic Sentence: The Weimar republic was blamed for allowing traditional German culture to be undermined, which resulted in much hostility in much of the population and as a result, The Nazis and Right wing took advantage of this to go against the Republic. ...read more.

Middle

gold). * 1924, currency converted back to Reichsmark (RM) backed by gold. * Limited printing (3200 Million) * Gov't lost debt (He saved the day) Industry and Foreign investments * Between 1924-31, Germany gained 18,000 mill. Marks in foreign investments but only 'lost' 11,100 million marks in Reparations. * Although coal production didn't recover to the pre-war levels (100 in 1913) it still increased significantly: * 35 in 1923 vs. 80 in 1929. * More money was entering Germany through foreign loans than was leaving through reparations , and this investment boosted industrial expansion and social expenditure. * Considerable advances made in social services and state gov'ts often using foreign loans improved hospitals, schools, housing, roads and electricity supplies. * Approx. 40% of federal gov't expenditure went on war-related pensions to invalids, widows and orphans in over 2.5 mill ppl. * Such measures strengthened support amongst ordinary Germans. Welfare State * Historian 'Abelshauser' concluded that 'The Weimar Republic was an over-strained welfare state, as the economic growth of the recovery period was insufficient to meet growing aspitations and arguably, served to retard the industrial advance, and to increase the elite's alienation from the new democratic regime. * This can be seen with the Welfare State * Regime suffered from exaggerated expectations. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Germany has to give up all claim to Alsace-Lorraine * France agreed not to occupy the Ruhr. * Led to optimism and reduced tensions between France and Germany These both improved economy significantly. * 1925 Allies agreed to remove occupational forces from Cologne area * Sept. 1926, Germany joined the league of Nations and received a status on League Council with veto power, so they could raise matters of German interest * Treaty of Berlin 1926: Signed with USSR and assured economic and military relations and put pressure on the west (Fear of spread of communism to Germany) * 1929: Young Plan - sum of reparations reduced to 37,000 million marks, and annual payments lowered. * After Stresseman's death, the whole economy collapsed. * Thus, Stressemann managed to improve the economy significantly and also improved Germany's international position. Conclusion * Effect of cultural boom had the most negatively profound effect * In terms of economy, there were both positive and negative aspects, however the negative seems to have outweighed the positive. * Thanks to Stressemann, the foreign policy was very good and seems to have shown significant prospects of survival for the Weimar republic. * Thus, it is hard to judge overall whether the prospect for the survival of the Weimar republic looked good as there were both very positive and negative aspects of it. The Weimar Republic 4/6/11 9:32 PM 4/6/11 9:32 PM 4/6/11 9:32 PM ...read more.

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