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What measures were taken by Lenin to achieve power?

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Introduction

What measures were taken by Lenin to achieve power? Lenin was a revolutionary leader who led his Party, the Bolsheviks, into power in Russia in 1917. Lenin was born in 1870 to a school inspector. His father was believed to be a religious Orthodox liberal-conservative who adored the Tsar. The early life of Lenin is believed to lack political opinions; Interviews of Lenin's sister shows that he even believed in God when he was a teenager. However, after his brother, Aleksandr's, execution by the Tsarist regime due to his activeness in a coup against Tsar Nicolai II, Lenin started to shape radical ideas. In 1887 he entered the University of Kazan; there he was recognized by revolutionaries as the brother of Aleksandr and he was taught revolutionary ideas. In the same year he was expelled from the university due to his connection with an underground group and participation in a peaceful student demonstration striving for more rights to the students. The expelling left a hard mark on Lenin. Richard Phelps describes this period of Lenin's life in his book Russian Revolution as following "It was under this period that he started to read radical literature and became a fanatic revolutionary and whom [Lenin] was firm to destroy the society that had treated him malevolently." ...read more.

Middle

the masses was strictly opposed by many leaders, another conflict that arouse between Lenin and other Socialist leaders was another interpretation of Marxist Doctrine: Lenin insisted that a capitalist system must end with blood and in a revolution while other socialist leader thought that Socialism will emerge from Capitalism in the end, but this was a long and unbloody process and it required patience, an element that Lenin appear to lack as he was a revolutionary who hated to wait for changes, but rather make the changes himself. All this conflicts result in the division of the Social Party into two new parties. Although Lenin's side had the minority of the members, his party was named the Bolshevik (majority) while the other leaders, such as Plekhanov, formed the Mensheviks (minority). Throughout the next years the Bolsheviks eliminated all contacts with other socialist and Marxist parties, however he found interests in the Soviets (who were groups of city workers). He believed that the Soviet will be useful in the Bolshevik strive into power. In 1917, the Menshevik and other Socialist parties managed to maintain power by the February revolution, by help of the masses who were tired of the former Tsarist regime and the Duma who didn't serve the people. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many historians argue that the Civil War was planned by Lenin in advance, he benefited from the war in order to make reform. The reforms were vital in order to the Bolshevik Party to seize complete power over Russia. The reforms contained a New Economic Plan (NEP) that allowed privatisation temporarily as Lenin saw this as "The only way to establish the Russian economy after 7 years of revolution and Civil Wars." He also established a one party rule by banning all the other parties except the Bolsheviks. Also in time of Civil War he allowed the so called War Communism, namely that the army was allowed to force the peasants to give away food in order to feed the army in time of war. But the most important reform of all was the establishing of the secret police which allowed Lenin and the Bolshevik party to seize complete power over Russia. In the end, Lenin established a dictatorship over Russia; he was a man that created several debates between his followers and his opposers. However as historian and economist J. Laski wrote in 1936 "It may have been easy to hate Lenin when one was fighting him; it must have been impossible not to respect him." ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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