• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What religious and social conditions in Europe encouraged many New England colonists to come to America?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Robert McLoughlin AP History Period 3 Mrs. Jerbassi-Russo October 1, 2000 "What religious and social conditions in Europe encouraged many New England colonists to come to America?" The late 16th century and early 17th century saw political and religious chaos all across Europe. No country was spared conflict either politically or militarily. This time period saw great change happening in Europe with advancements being made in all scientific and social areas. One of the most important areas where no advancements were made was in religious toleration. This lack of toleration caused great problems for all the major religions in Europe and hundreds of thousands of people throughout Europe died because of their religion. A modern day comparison would be what the Nazis did to the Jewish people in the Second World War, or the ongoing problems in Bosnia. This completely atrocious and what the people 400 years ago had to deal with is wrong. Probably the main reason why the New England colonists came to America was because of the lack of religious toleration and because of persecution. The first settlement in New England was created by a group of people forced to leave the mother country because of political and religious differences and then left a second country because of their unhappiness with the country. ...read more.

Middle

"The Puritans who fled to America to escape the coming wrath that was about to overwhelm England and to create in America the kind of churches that god demanded" (L.E.P. 1) This was one of the ideas that gave birth to the statement of "a city upon a hill" (America as a religious refuge 1). Another group of people that immigrated to British North America were the French Huguenots (French Protestants). They fled France because they feared for their lives. The religious troubles had begun in France about 100 years before the first Huguenots settled in North America. There were various riots and killings in France of Huguenots and Catholics alike but the worst incident came on August 24 1572 in Paris when thousands of Huguenot men, women and children were tortured and killed by Roman Christian mobs. Since then the incident has become known as the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. It was because of incidents like this that an accommodation between the two sides had to be reached and the Edict of Nantes was the answer in 1598. However the privileges of the Huguenots eroded as the seventeenth century passed and were removed completely when the Edict of Nantes was revoked in 1685. ...read more.

Conclusion

In Ireland, the Catholics were fighting with the Protestants, 20,000 Lutherans were expelled from part of Austria and many froze to death in the freezing winter in the Alps although the wealthier Lutherans managed to reach America. In all of the cases above it is possible to see a group that was being persecuted for their religion, many of them wanted to go to a place where they were able to live their lives in the way they wanted. America became the perfect place for them and it just happens that the Puritans settled in New England. Religion was the main reason for all of the people leaving their mother countries and travelling to America in a hope to find a new way of living. It was the lack of religious toleration in all but one of the European countries that encouraged so many religious communities to take their lives in their hands and attempt to establish their own community in the New World. A large proportion of these people would agree in their own particular religious way, with the words of an Austrian Lutheran "We are driven into exile for the Gospel's sake; we leave our homeland and are now in God's hands" (America as a religious refuge 2). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Architectural Masterpieces in England

    The fall of Roman Britain at the beginning of the fifth century allowed an influx of invaders from northern Germany, the Anglo-Saxons. Anglo-Saxon buildings in Britain were generally simple, constructed mainly using timber with thatch for roofing. Many remains of Anglo-Saxon church architecture, such as those at Stewkley and Wing both in Buckinghamshire.

  2. Jamestown and Early New England Jamestown, situated on Jamestown Island in the Virginia ...

    New England created the first piece of American text attitude and was home to the initial stages of free public education. In the 19th century, it played an important task in the faction to eliminate slavery in the United States.

  1. The North, The South, and Slavery

    Southern Trade and Industry a. Economic activity of S developed slowly i. Business classes of region- manufacturers and merchants- not without importance ii. Growth of flour milling and textile and iron manufacturing, mainly in upper S 1. Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond, VA compared with best iron mills in NE 2.

  2. Analyse the Reasons why Philip II (1180-1223) was able to establish France as a ...

    basis for legal authority and power that would be so useful for Philip when dealing with contumacious vassals. As well as providing the invaluable feudal system that aided Philip throughout his reign, his predecessors were also responsible for a continued good relationship with the papacy and a loyal Frankish church.

  1. Constitution and New Government

    A Divided Convention a. 55 men representing all states except RI i. Talent, but far from description as god-like citizens ii. "Founding Fathers" - Yng men (20s & 30s)- Only Ben Franklin, 81 was aged (Avg. 44) 1. Practical experience in business, plantation management, and politics 2.

  2. Political, Economic, Social organizations of the New World

    The English government, at the time, was preoccupied with making money. This caused the English to rule New Britain with a loose hand, and not fully enforce their laws upon the people of the colonies. Although there were representatives of Britain to enforce laws in the majority of the colonies,

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - 150 000 Palestinians remained resident in Israel with the promise of equal freedoms and rights but 725 000 became refugees. The bulk of the refugees ended up in the WB and GS and in neighbouring Arab countries, especially Transjordan, Syria and Lebanon - Intellectual Palestinians went to the big cities, but the majority of them 80% (fellaheen)

  2. How did the Black Death of 1348 impact on the rivalry for political power ...

    Due to the scarcity of manorial records and other sources, it is impossible to detail the exact extent of mortality , except in Colemanstown in the royal manor of Newcastle Lyons in Co Dublin, where it is said 84% of the tenants were killed by the plague .

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work