• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was responsible for the start of the Cold War?

Extracts from this document...


The Cold War was a period of extreme tension between the two superpowers of that time: USA led by Roosevelt later replaced by Truman, and USSR led by Josef Stalin. The war was mostly due to the ideological conflicts between the two superpowers and fear or paranoia of the other party. It was termed the ?Cold War? as they never fought directly but was constantly filled with threats of annihilation of each other and nuclear arms race. The Cold War devastated many countries in terms of politics, economy and social living. There were many different interpretations as to which country was responsible for the outbreak and development of the war. To begin with is the orthodox view that generally states that the Soviets were to blame for the Cold War. They place the responsibility on USSR due to several reasons; the Red Army Occupation in Eastern Europe, their policy of expansionism using ?Salami tactics?, Stalin in accordance with the Marxist theory, the Czechoslovakian Coup, and the Berlin Blockade. Red Army refers to the national army of the Soviets. The Red Army occupied states to be converted into Soviet Satellite states such as Poland, Hungary, Romania and East Germany. ...read more.


Berlin Blockade was a Soviet?s response to the introduction of the new currency into the Western sectors of Berlin. The blockade was mainly through transport restrictions such as roads, railway tracks and waterways. Likewise, the supply of electricity from East to West was also cut. Food, materials and supplies to West Berlin were prevented from entering Soviet?s zone of occupation. Their aim was to force the Western powers to allow the Soviet zone to start supplying Berlin with food and fuel, thereby giving the Soviets practical control over the entire city. Direct military confrontation was a high possibility of happening as this was the first Cold War crisis. In spite of this, the West in response had organized the Berlin Airlift to carry the supplies to the citizens of West Berlin. The airlift was made possible by aircrafts flying along the three flight paths allocated to the Western Allies by the Soviets in 1945. This contributed to the clear disagreement between the two sides and was a significant impact on the progress of the Cold War. Now to consider the revisionist view, they have an alternative perspective as to who was responsible for the outbreak and development of Cold War. ...read more.


On top of this were the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan which was a radical change in policy of the US, far from being isolationist. It was Truman?s response to unstable conditions in Turkey and Greece to support them from subjugation. To the USSR, it was an evidence of US desire to expand their sphere of influence. To put it more simply, it was an ideological shield to rebuild the Western political and economic system and counter the radical left, the Soviets. The Marshall Plan was an economic extension of the Truman Doctrine. Soviets felt that this was the US way of Dollar Imperialism by establishing a European empire. On the whole, the responsibility on the outbreak and development of the Cold War was mostly a traditional balance of power conflict based on the balance of the arguments. The growing tension between the two superpowers was a result of both sides improving their course of action impulsively rather than thinking it through practically. For example, after the Red Army occupation, the Telegram, the Iron Curtain Speech, Truman Doctrine, The Marshall Plan, The Czech Coup and The Berlin Blockade. It was more of a pattern of ?action and reaction? between the two countries that triggered the Cold War. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    of Churchill The Potsdam Conference - Introduction: by the time of the Potsdam Conference, which began July 7, 1945, the war in Europe had ended and Hitler had been defeated. British and American troops had met Soviet troops along agreed demarcation lines in April 1945.

  2. Assess the importance of ideological differences in the outbreak of the Cold War

    Historian Alprvoitz suggests that Japan was already defeated and that the new weapon was only used to intimidate the soviets. This perhaps suggests that the Soviets had reason to fear the USA. The fact that both countries feared one another shows that there were many reasons for the outbreak of

  1. To what extent did the Prague spring weaken Moscow(TM)s hold over Czechoslovakia, and Eastern ...

    Censorship was abolished in May 196810 Criticism ran rampant whether societal or even governmental. The party was divided. There were the Novotnovici (supporters of former leader Antonin Novotn�) and others who supported the reforms made by Alexander Dubcek. In April 1968 Dubcek released his Action Program, which aimed at working

  2. Investigation: The Cuban Missile Crisis as a Thaw in the Cold War

    Although the film highlights McNamara's actions in the Vietnam War for its majority, the post-Crisis and Cold War politics are also shown. The lessons offer an insight in Cold War after the crisis, however not every lesson is utilized by the United States government in the Cold War.

  1. Why Did War Time Friends Become Cold War Enemies?

    war was the new feeling in politics across the globe, Churchill reflected the poor relations between the East and West in a speech. In March 1946, Churchill made a speech at Fulton, Missouri in which he said, "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent....

  2. To what extent was President Lyndon B. Johnson responsible for the escalation of the ...

    So by the time Johnson took over from Kennedy in 1964, the number of American advisors in Vietnam rose to over 16000, most of which were already engaged in combat. 16 So it is vital consider that, when Johnson came into power, he was put in charge of an already over-escalated war.

  1. The Cold War

    [7]The "Big Three," as they were come to be known as, decided four main agreements. One, that each country in Eastern Europe liberated from the Germans by the Red Army would hold free elections. Two, that the United Nations Organization would be created, to prevent future wars.

  2. The Importance of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan in the Development of ...

    implode with time, if left to itself, due to it's corrupt nature. So the USA waited and did anything in their power to stop it from spreading into the Western European states. Kennan had also observed that it was more likely for countries to turn to radical left policies in situations of hunger and need.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work