• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the nature of opposition to Hitler and why did it achieve so little?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What was the nature of opposition to Hitler and why did it achieve so little? Hitler's possession of power in Germany lasted for only 12 years. During his r�gime he was able to gain several foreign as well as domestic successes that secured him a strong support from the population. Even though, the majority of the population respected Hitler as the F�hrer, the conclusion that the Nazi ideal of totalitarian authority was not in fact true. Opposition to Hitler was in fact present during his regime, both active and passive. However, it was never strong enough or a significant threat to Hitler's dictatorship and, as history exposes, it never achieved its aim of overthrowing the Nazis and ending Hitler's reign for several reasons. The nature of opposition to Hitler is important in order to understand why it achieved so little. Hitler faced both active and passive opposition. In the case of active opposition, that had extreme and broader aims, there were some attempts to end his power by the use of force and activism. There were few demonstrations against the regime, but because organized opposition groups had been crushed at the beginning of his control not many members of the opposition were capable to organize themselves to participate in a strike. ...read more.

Middle

By 1939 for example, 100,000 Germans had seen the interior of a Concentration Camp and were not prepared to face the risk of going back. Consequently, because they were not able to an organized active opposition prepared to challenge the Nazi regime, the achievements of those who bravely stood up were insignificant when compared to the strength of the Nazis. In short, opposition of this kind could only have little impact upon the policies and the overall control of the Nazi regime. For instance, the rising of leading generals following the Stauffenberg Plot was immediately stopped with the arrest and execution of many leading generals and high-ranking civilians, shows that even in 1944, at the verge of defeat, the Nazi rule still maintained a strong grip over domestic opponents. A popular rising was therefore impossible, not only because of fear of the Gestapo, but also because of the establishment of a One Party State following a law that stated that anyone who tried to set up another party would be punished. To make sure the law was followed Hitler had already taken care of all opposing political parties by forcing the small parties out of existence, arresting the communists and making the SPD and KPD illegal parties. ...read more.

Conclusion

Goebbels had persuaded the people that if the Russians won they would summit the people to their regime. Thus, people believed in their F�hrer to get them out of the war victorious. He was responsible for getting them in the war and now he was the only who one who could get them out. Kershaw blames the failure of German resistance to Nazism on the "strife-torn political climate of the Weimar Republic" and the "massive popular readiness to embrace authoritarianism". While the resistance lacked support, the dictatorship's strength relied on consensus. In conclusion, because the nature of opposition to Hitler was basically passive, with a few exceptions of personal bravery, it provided no threat to the policies of the Third Reich in any significant way. This was also due to their failure of creating an organized opposition as well as to Hitler's magnetism and successes which provided him with the strength his regime needed. The policy of coercion followed by the Gestapo was also a main contributor to the failure of the opposition as any attempt of resistance was subsequently followed by a strong action of the Gestapo agents who executed and arrested any possible revolutionary. Nonetheless, what the resistance mainly lacked was popular support to operate and strength to succeed; two factors Hitler's dictatorship controlled. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. History Investigation - Hitler

    The great nation, Nazi Germany, was a result of Hitler's rise to power. Beginning with Hitler's imprisonment in 1923 and ending with Hitler becoming president in 1934. Hitler's rise to power was based upon long-term factors- the resentment of Germans, the weakness of the Weimer Republic - which Hitler effectively

  2. In order to establish the reasons for Hitlers rise to power the following are ...

    The finalizing of Hitler's political control took place in March 1933 when he put forward the Enabaling act. This allowed Hitler four years of power as a dicttor and by intimidation from the SS, the act passed was passed with 444 votes to 94.

  1. Assess the methods used by Hitler to maintain his regime

    In 1933 he passed the Law against the establishment of Political Parties, which ensured that Hitler's Nazi party would not be facing any new political enemies in the Reichstag. In 1934 he passed the Law concerning the reconstruction of the Reich, which brought all the L�nder, as in the local

  2. The Life and Achievements of King Canute

    Robert then began to press Cnut to recognize the rights of Alfred and Edward who were still exiles in his court. 26 Cnut's refusal led to broken relations. There are hints in charters that Robert may have collected an invasion fleet in 1033, but he seems to have used it

  1. What were the Aims and Achievements of Stalins Foreign Policy between 1928 and 1941?

    Furthermore, Russia?s unfaltering attitude towards upholding the popular front was not shared by Britain and France, who demonstrated a worrying lack of commitment to collective security through their continued appeasement of Hitler and Mussolini. As the impending threat of WWII cast a shadow over Russia, the possibility that once again

  2. Did Mussolinis foreign policies achieve their aims?

    by the Great Powers during the time of Imperialism, which is the comparison traditional, intentionalist historian R.J.B. Bosworth puts forth about Mussolini?s foreign aims. The Abyssinia Crisis of of 1937 illustrates the confidence Italy felt. A skirmish along the border of Italian Somaliland and Abyssinia, which Mussolini claimed was Abyssinian

  1. Analyse the reason for, and the nature of, opposition to tsardom in Russia between ...

    There was also a Slavophile argument against Western capitalism: linked to what was previously said, the ideological rejection disagreed with the development towards greater industrial technology and centralised state power along the Western lines. Instead, they put forward, as a goal of the future, to preserve the old Russian institution of the mir (the Populists).

  2. Factors That Helped The Rise of the Nazis

    Propaganda did, however, become one of the most successful tactics Hitler used during Nazi rise. Hitler?s propaganda ministry under Goebbels, as well as locally generated propaganda, the use of centrally orchestrated ?campaign slogans, themes, speakers and publicity? (Kershaw, 53) and the utilization of simple messages made the propaganda so successful.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work