• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the nature of opposition to Hitler and why did it achieve so little?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What was the nature of opposition to Hitler and why did it achieve so little? Hitler's possession of power in Germany lasted for only 12 years. During his r�gime he was able to gain several foreign as well as domestic successes that secured him a strong support from the population. Even though, the majority of the population respected Hitler as the F�hrer, the conclusion that the Nazi ideal of totalitarian authority was not in fact true. Opposition to Hitler was in fact present during his regime, both active and passive. However, it was never strong enough or a significant threat to Hitler's dictatorship and, as history exposes, it never achieved its aim of overthrowing the Nazis and ending Hitler's reign for several reasons. The nature of opposition to Hitler is important in order to understand why it achieved so little. Hitler faced both active and passive opposition. In the case of active opposition, that had extreme and broader aims, there were some attempts to end his power by the use of force and activism. There were few demonstrations against the regime, but because organized opposition groups had been crushed at the beginning of his control not many members of the opposition were capable to organize themselves to participate in a strike. ...read more.

Middle

By 1939 for example, 100,000 Germans had seen the interior of a Concentration Camp and were not prepared to face the risk of going back. Consequently, because they were not able to an organized active opposition prepared to challenge the Nazi regime, the achievements of those who bravely stood up were insignificant when compared to the strength of the Nazis. In short, opposition of this kind could only have little impact upon the policies and the overall control of the Nazi regime. For instance, the rising of leading generals following the Stauffenberg Plot was immediately stopped with the arrest and execution of many leading generals and high-ranking civilians, shows that even in 1944, at the verge of defeat, the Nazi rule still maintained a strong grip over domestic opponents. A popular rising was therefore impossible, not only because of fear of the Gestapo, but also because of the establishment of a One Party State following a law that stated that anyone who tried to set up another party would be punished. To make sure the law was followed Hitler had already taken care of all opposing political parties by forcing the small parties out of existence, arresting the communists and making the SPD and KPD illegal parties. ...read more.

Conclusion

Goebbels had persuaded the people that if the Russians won they would summit the people to their regime. Thus, people believed in their F�hrer to get them out of the war victorious. He was responsible for getting them in the war and now he was the only who one who could get them out. Kershaw blames the failure of German resistance to Nazism on the "strife-torn political climate of the Weimar Republic" and the "massive popular readiness to embrace authoritarianism". While the resistance lacked support, the dictatorship's strength relied on consensus. In conclusion, because the nature of opposition to Hitler was basically passive, with a few exceptions of personal bravery, it provided no threat to the policies of the Third Reich in any significant way. This was also due to their failure of creating an organized opposition as well as to Hitler's magnetism and successes which provided him with the strength his regime needed. The policy of coercion followed by the Gestapo was also a main contributor to the failure of the opposition as any attempt of resistance was subsequently followed by a strong action of the Gestapo agents who executed and arrested any possible revolutionary. Nonetheless, what the resistance mainly lacked was popular support to operate and strength to succeed; two factors Hitler's dictatorship controlled. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. History Investigation - Hitler

    exploited through propaganda, and intimidation he brought upon them and the of his speeches. During these years, the people of Germany ignored this power-hungry man with his prejudices and thirst for control. But when the Great Depression shattered the lives of many, they voted for Hitler, increasing his popularity.

  2. In order to establish the reasons for Hitlers rise to power the following are ...

    Linking to the political disorder of Weimar Germany, was the economic state in which Germany was in and this helped Hitler gain power immensely. The treaty of Versailles during the early 1920's had deprived Germany of it's resources and wealth, Germany lost 75% of it's iron resources and Belgian and

  1. The rise of Hitler and the Nazi party

    Hitler and the Nazi party promised the stability that the Germans longed for, but no real promises were made. He deflected blame to others, but he did not make specific promises to enforce economical reform; or to better the social structure, and thus matched the needs and desires of the German people.

  2. Prohibition: an inevitable failure?

    that alcohol would have negative effects on family life (the scared child's face would make the viewers of the poster feel some sympathy). This idea that alcohol would turn men into a man that families were frightened of is furthermore enhanced by the caption and the top of the poster

  1. To What Extent did the Locarno Pact Achieve German Aims?

    What did Locarno Pact Bring? - After being chosen for a foreign minister of Germany shortly after that the Locarno Pact was signed. It brought both pro and cons to Germany. The Republic was now more politically stable. The party coalitions were kept together and the Nazi party performed

  2. What were the Aims and Achievements of Stalins Foreign Policy between 1928 and 1941?

    Russia found herself in the dawn of 1939 desperate to avoid bearing the brunt of fighting in the now inevitable European war, and, facing increasing intimidation from German and Japanese actions; this prompted Stalin to declare that ?we do not by any means think it necessary to renounce business dealings

  1. Factors That Helped The Rise of the Nazis

    In conclusion, the rise of the Nazi regime can be explained through both the Structuralist and Intentionalist view, although a large majority of historians today prefer the Structuralist approach, as understanding of complex social factors contributing to governmental procedures has improved.

  2. Did Mussolinis foreign policies achieve their aims?

    The Corfu Incident, as such, was a demonstration of the seriousness that Mussolini had with the violent struggle to be a nation that would remain an international contender for power and prestige. This opinion is perhaps the most traditional and common amongst historians and thus why historians, like Macgregor Knox

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work