• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the causes of the French Revolution?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What Were the Causes of the French Revolution The French revolution was a historical event of great significance. The French revolution which had began in 1789 till 1799 was considered by some as the starting point of Europe's modern history. The causes of the French revolution were based on many factors such as economic, social, and political factors which had played a vital role in the start of the revolution The first cause of the French revolution was the arrogance and incompetence of the French monarch King Louis XVI and his Austrian born wife Marie-Antoinette. The French king was of limited intelligence and outlook. King Louis lacked a proper government; he lacked intelligence as a King. The kings' government lacked government representatives, most of the internal and external decisions depended upon the character of the king. So the king was basically more the chief courtier than a man of political engagement and decision. King Louis' abilities to maintain stability over his country were restricted; this was due to his weak character and limited political outlook. King Louis XVI was known to be an aristocrat and there was a great social gap at that time between the royal family and the French revolution, the king usually preferred to spend his time in his palace in Versailles in the south of Paris which was constructed as the home of the French Monarchy and court. ...read more.

Middle

The involvement of the French in the war had two results which influenced the French revolution. Firstly the American Revolution did change the way of thinking and the principles which the French had. For example the Americans were allowed equal rights and had a right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Yet France was an absolutist state. Another result was that the war had put the French in great debt and the monarch had suffered from a financial crisis. However some might argue that how could the financial crisis be a cause for the French revolution, but if we look at it in effect we realize that the financial crisis was the factor that led to French Revolution as because without the crisis the revolt of the Nobles in 1787 would not have happened. Another cause of the French revolution was the Royal debt and the growing financial crisis, 1783 -1789. In an attempt to solve the economic crisis King Louis XVI appointed Alexandre de Calonne as Controller General of the finances in 1783. Calonne introduced free trade in order to reduce Crown expenditure and raise the Crown revenue. However his plans were thwarted by the parliament of Paris and by the defence of their own privileges of immunity from taxation by the Clergy and Nobles. Afterwards an Assembly of Notables was summoned, in an attempt to bring forward improvements. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Kings decision to deny the third estate from entering the hall involuntarily contributed to the French Revolution and to the famous Tennis Court Oath. In the Tennis Court Oath the third estate announced itself as the National Assembly of France and oath pledged that it would not split up until a French constitution was formed. On 27 June, King Louis XVI admitted defeat and ordered the rest of the Deputies to join the National Assembly. We can clearly see the Tennis Court Oath played a vital role in the start of the French Revolution. In conclusion we could see that there were many causes for the outbreak of the French Revolution but in my opinion I would argue that the main cause and the main factor for the outbreak of the French Revolution was the economic recession, specifically during Calonne's time where he had summoned an assembly of Notables which led to the 'revolt of the nobles' and also the burden of taxation which was laid on the peasants and the agricultural depression. Many of the events during the recession had clearly caused the French Revolution. We could also argue that not all causes were vital causes for the revolution this is because all the causes had occurred almost in the same time period, so for example if there wasn't the age of enlightenment the recession would still be enough to start the revolution. ?? ?? ?? ?? Rudain Mahasneh ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Reign of Terror During the French Revolution

    This might make logical sense but the reality was that the Terror only led to more division in society and even more violence. Robespierre went along saying that "terror is nothing but prompt, severe inflexible justice," but in reality his terror was enforced due to the frustration against the upper class division and desire to control people.

  2. Russia 1905 revolution

    But some of them were enticed into the 'pro-government trade unions'. (The Czarist government also formed trade unions in the factories. The purposes of these pro-government trade unions were to find out the political sentiments of the workers and to find out antigovernment revolutionary leaders in the factories.

  1. Revision notes - Causes of the French Revolution and the Development of the Revolution ...

    He shared with Hobbs a very low opinion of humans in their natural state and their ability in this natural state to govern themselves. It was this lack of faith in uneducated masses, which confirmed Voltaire as a fervent opponent of indiscriminate democracy;.

  2. The French Revolution was directed by the middle class. How valid is this comment ...

    They introduce modern administration to France. It was them who abolish the feudalism and fix up the economic. They also established the Legislative Assembly on 1 October 1791. It is the middle class who sparks the changes of France, it was them who brought about the modern France.

  1. WW2 -causes

    broke out in Spain -> between communists and right wing rebels -> Hitler wanted to try out his new army force * In 1937 Hitler made bombing on civilian population in Spanish cities -> huge destruction Anti-Cominterm Pact 1936-7 * Mussolini, Hitler and Japan signed an agreement to limit communist

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Although not in public he frequently opposed his father?s reforms 1. Disagreed on the treatment of Russia?s nationalities (especially Poles). Opposed reconciliation or considering European opinion. Russification. 2. Supported constant presence of ministers who wanted repressive measures against extremists, Alexander II tried to keep them out of state affairs during times when the country was peaceful.

  1. What was the main cause of the French Revolution?

    paying attention to funding and financial cost, they leaped at every opportunity to avenge their humiliations from prior wars, regardless of their situation. The result of these enormous war expenditures meant they were on the verge of bankruptcy and no bankers would lend to them.

  2. Was Napolean an Heir to the French Revolution?

    After this, France went through a number of different stages in terms of forms and types of government. The revolutionary government of 1789-1793 was the most immediate, until between 1793-1794, when Robespierre became the most powerful man in France overseeing the era known as the terror.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work