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What were the causes of the French Revolution?

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Introduction

What Were the Causes of the French Revolution The French revolution was a historical event of great significance. The French revolution which had began in 1789 till 1799 was considered by some as the starting point of Europe's modern history. The causes of the French revolution were based on many factors such as economic, social, and political factors which had played a vital role in the start of the revolution The first cause of the French revolution was the arrogance and incompetence of the French monarch King Louis XVI and his Austrian born wife Marie-Antoinette. The French king was of limited intelligence and outlook. King Louis lacked a proper government; he lacked intelligence as a King. The kings' government lacked government representatives, most of the internal and external decisions depended upon the character of the king. So the king was basically more the chief courtier than a man of political engagement and decision. King Louis' abilities to maintain stability over his country were restricted; this was due to his weak character and limited political outlook. King Louis XVI was known to be an aristocrat and there was a great social gap at that time between the royal family and the French revolution, the king usually preferred to spend his time in his palace in Versailles in the south of Paris which was constructed as the home of the French Monarchy and court. ...read more.

Middle

The involvement of the French in the war had two results which influenced the French revolution. Firstly the American Revolution did change the way of thinking and the principles which the French had. For example the Americans were allowed equal rights and had a right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Yet France was an absolutist state. Another result was that the war had put the French in great debt and the monarch had suffered from a financial crisis. However some might argue that how could the financial crisis be a cause for the French revolution, but if we look at it in effect we realize that the financial crisis was the factor that led to French Revolution as because without the crisis the revolt of the Nobles in 1787 would not have happened. Another cause of the French revolution was the Royal debt and the growing financial crisis, 1783 -1789. In an attempt to solve the economic crisis King Louis XVI appointed Alexandre de Calonne as Controller General of the finances in 1783. Calonne introduced free trade in order to reduce Crown expenditure and raise the Crown revenue. However his plans were thwarted by the parliament of Paris and by the defence of their own privileges of immunity from taxation by the Clergy and Nobles. Afterwards an Assembly of Notables was summoned, in an attempt to bring forward improvements. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Kings decision to deny the third estate from entering the hall involuntarily contributed to the French Revolution and to the famous Tennis Court Oath. In the Tennis Court Oath the third estate announced itself as the National Assembly of France and oath pledged that it would not split up until a French constitution was formed. On 27 June, King Louis XVI admitted defeat and ordered the rest of the Deputies to join the National Assembly. We can clearly see the Tennis Court Oath played a vital role in the start of the French Revolution. In conclusion we could see that there were many causes for the outbreak of the French Revolution but in my opinion I would argue that the main cause and the main factor for the outbreak of the French Revolution was the economic recession, specifically during Calonne's time where he had summoned an assembly of Notables which led to the 'revolt of the nobles' and also the burden of taxation which was laid on the peasants and the agricultural depression. Many of the events during the recession had clearly caused the French Revolution. We could also argue that not all causes were vital causes for the revolution this is because all the causes had occurred almost in the same time period, so for example if there wasn't the age of enlightenment the recession would still be enough to start the revolution. ?? ?? ?? ?? Rudain Mahasneh ...read more.

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