• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did collective security fail to keep the peace between 1920 and 1935?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Gino Saad Mr. McMahon IB History 2 Why did collective security fail to keep the peace between 1920 and 1935? Collective security was a system of maintaining world peace and security by joint action on the part of the nations of the world. The League of Nations used it as a tool to prevent another outbreak of war. At the very beginning of the League it seemed that the policy of collective security was a good and easily achievable policy of how to keep countries inline and not to take action, which might possibly cause another war. During the 1920?s the structure of the idea of collective security was tested. This began in 1920 with the Aaland Islands and it ended in 1935 with the Abyssinia crisis. The idea of collective security was not thought out as well as it should have been considering it effected the whole world and it would dictate many countries decisions about what to do during a crisis. ...read more.

Middle

This caused for a serious problem of countries beginning to sign agreements that effected the global society (i.e. the naval conferences) this allowed countries to act in self-interest which was a serious problem at the time because with more and more countries acting in self interest there was bound to be more confrontations. These confrontations would occur between member states, which would then bring up the crisis at the League and there was little that could be done due to the fact that the different member states would veto each other to get the result from the League that they wanted. This would create a problem were 2 countries were unwilling to yield on their claims to an area of land. The League had adopted the ideas of ?self-determination? from Wilson?s original 14 points and used this to help solve problems. When the economic crisis the world many countries realized that they needed to focus more internally rather than ensure the safety of member states. ...read more.

Conclusion

By ignoring the Leagues words and threats of sanctions Mussolini was able to complete control of Abyssinia. These last 2 crisis?s were considered to be the ?nail in the coffin? of the League. They had failed to uphold the ideas of collective security and because of this the League had sealed its own fate as a global organization. The idea of collective security failed to keep the peace between 1920 and 1935 due to the fact that the league was unable to act against the larger powers due to its lack of support, and the depression. These two causes a cause of major countries not entirely embracing the ideas of collective security as a tool for peace and also the League was structured in such a way that no action could ever be taken against a permanent member state. The idea of collective security would never have worked unless all of the powerful nations of the world came together to enforce the ideas. Due to the fact that they didn?t countries took advantage of the Leagues weaknesses and eventually this weakness would cause the second world war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. How did collective security develop, in particular between WWI and WWII?

    He wanted to use the principle of collective security to achieve this aim; therefore most of the ideas were based on collective security. ("Wilson - A Portrait | League of Nations.") The idea was to establish an organization that could prevent wars through "disarmament, international coorperation, open diplomacy, restrictions on right to wage wars and penalties for making war."

  2. Why did the Second Spanish Republic Fail?

    Had the Right been more organized and the conservatism been given more power, the Popular Front and the Revolutionary Left may have been stopped in their drastic actions. But since this was not the case, the radicals continued and caused more resentment.

  1. Appeal to the League of Nations

    Have the signatures appended to a Treaty value only in so far as the signatory Powers have a personal, direct and immediate interest involved? -At a time when my people are threatened with extermination, when the support of the League may ward off the final blow, may I be allowed

  2. Collapse of the League of Nations

    Then the British send a politician Lord Runciman to negotiate with the Czechoslovakian government and force it to draw a settlement between her and Germany. However, Lord Runciman was in favour of Germany to receive the Sudetenland. After days of negotiation Chamberlain agreed for a peaceful German takeover of the

  1. Why did the policy of Collective Security established by the League of Nations fail ...

    As this meant going against the League of Nations, an opposition took place, resulting in Japan leaving the LON, allowing such nation to succeed in it's operation with no consequences whatsoever. This event underlines once again the lack of authority the LON suffered in it's attempt to provide world wide peace.

  2. How Successful was the Dayton Peace Agreement in Bringing Sustainable Governance to Bosnia and ...

    This political structure of Bosnia is such that Bosnia is the only internationally recognized country that lacks political sovereignty and all that the local institutions can do is slow down the implementation of prepared packages that come from outside (Chandler 64).

  1. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    a common ground; that, with the US?s assurance of not invading Cuba, all weaponry would be removed. He further expressed his opinion that ?moderation, self-restraint and good sense?above the anger of the moment or the pride of nations?will prevail over all other considerations.?[10] This statement reflected his understanding of overcoming war with negotiation and peace.

  2. To What Extent was the Treaty of Versailles a fair treaty that could keep ...

    Brest-Litovsk were to be returned.[8] Germany was also forced to give up its colonies; those in Asia including Shandong were given to Japan, Australia and New Zealand and those in Africa including Cameroons, Togoland and Tanganyika were handed over to Britain, France,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work