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Why did collective security fail to keep the peace between 1920 and 1935?

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Introduction

´╗┐Gino Saad Mr. McMahon IB History 2 Why did collective security fail to keep the peace between 1920 and 1935? Collective security was a system of maintaining world peace and security by joint action on the part of the nations of the world. The League of Nations used it as a tool to prevent another outbreak of war. At the very beginning of the League it seemed that the policy of collective security was a good and easily achievable policy of how to keep countries inline and not to take action, which might possibly cause another war. During the 1920?s the structure of the idea of collective security was tested. This began in 1920 with the Aaland Islands and it ended in 1935 with the Abyssinia crisis. The idea of collective security was not thought out as well as it should have been considering it effected the whole world and it would dictate many countries decisions about what to do during a crisis. ...read more.

Middle

This caused for a serious problem of countries beginning to sign agreements that effected the global society (i.e. the naval conferences) this allowed countries to act in self-interest which was a serious problem at the time because with more and more countries acting in self interest there was bound to be more confrontations. These confrontations would occur between member states, which would then bring up the crisis at the League and there was little that could be done due to the fact that the different member states would veto each other to get the result from the League that they wanted. This would create a problem were 2 countries were unwilling to yield on their claims to an area of land. The League had adopted the ideas of ?self-determination? from Wilson?s original 14 points and used this to help solve problems. When the economic crisis the world many countries realized that they needed to focus more internally rather than ensure the safety of member states. ...read more.

Conclusion

By ignoring the Leagues words and threats of sanctions Mussolini was able to complete control of Abyssinia. These last 2 crisis?s were considered to be the ?nail in the coffin? of the League. They had failed to uphold the ideas of collective security and because of this the League had sealed its own fate as a global organization. The idea of collective security failed to keep the peace between 1920 and 1935 due to the fact that the league was unable to act against the larger powers due to its lack of support, and the depression. These two causes a cause of major countries not entirely embracing the ideas of collective security as a tool for peace and also the League was structured in such a way that no action could ever be taken against a permanent member state. The idea of collective security would never have worked unless all of the powerful nations of the world came together to enforce the ideas. Due to the fact that they didn?t countries took advantage of the Leagues weaknesses and eventually this weakness would cause the second world war. ...read more.

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