• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Germany & Her Allies Lose WW1?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Year 11 History Why Did Germany and Her Allies Lose World War 1? Sameer Patel, 1101. It can be argued that Germany and her allies faced a daunting war right from the start, but their desire to provoke and enter a war that involved the majority of Eastern Europe led them to being doomed right from the start. There are many factors that contributed to Triple Alliances' loss of World War I such as inefficient military plans, poor decision making by leaders, food and resource shortages caused by naval blockades, poor morale and conditions and the collapse of allies. In the end however, it was more or less the strength of the Allies that overpowered the numerous weaknesses faced by the Central Powers. Before 1914, Germany had made many assumptions regarding certain possibilities and outcomes of the war. This all started as early as 1905 in the drawing up of the Schlieffen Plan in which Germany assumed that in the event of a major war, they would have to take out both France and Russia with one swift motion. This meant fighting a war on two fronts, but they believed it would be possible provided the slow mobilization of Russia's army, the quick and easy defeat of France, lack of resistance shown by Belgium and Britain maintaining its state of neutrality. ...read more.

Middle

Back home, there was increased pressure on the Kaiser to end the war because there were simply too many people dying of starvation. Germany attempted to counter attack British naval supremacy and the crippling effects of the blockade in particular with the introduction of their 'U-Boats' or Submarines. The German Naval Command adopted a policy of 'unrestricted submarine warfare' in order to starve the British of their supplies. The Allied Naval blockade effectively meant that Germany could only import goods from conquered countries. Britain, on the other hand, could import goods from a worldwide market, and of course, many goods were lost due to U-boat activity. With the help of U-Boats, Britain came close to running out of stocks of vital material, including food at one point. However, the introduction of the convoy system for merchant ships with naval escort overcame the effectiveness of the U-boats. Overall, the effectiveness of the British blockade was superior to that of Germany and had a serious impact on the German home front and its forces. When the German troops broke through the British lines in 1918 they were dismayed to see the quality and quantity of British equipment and food that they captured. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the other hand, General Ludendorff constantly looked for scapegoats and appeared indecisive when it came to making crucial decisions that could have saved Germany's war effort. After all, Ludendorff was the one who gave in to the Kaiser and was faced with the task of convincing the Kaiser that the war was all but lost by 1918. Therefore in conclusion, the most crucial and decisive factors that sealed Germany's defeat in the war was the failure of the Schlieffen Plan, the extremely efficient naval blockade imposed by Britain, USA's entry into the war triggered by the sinking of the Lusitania and the issuing of the Zimmerman Telegram, the collapse of Germany's allies and the inability of her leaders to make crucial decisions. In the end, the Allies simply had more man power, resources and ability to force their opponent into a state of heavy defeat. Germany's military plans had backfired and her allies had failed to support her right to the end. Poor morale and conditions had also led German troops into giving up hope in a war of attrition. These factors contribute to the fact that the various collective strengths of the Allies were crucial in overpowering the weaknesses faced by the Central Powers. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. World War 1 Information

    > These decisions make him personally responsible for war > When the army is pushed back 300 miles, Nicholas II goes to the front lines to boost morale > This leaves Rasputin and Alexandria with the capital > They reform, disorganize, and reappoint Russian government > Russia is unprepared for

  2. Causes of WW1

    It made it into a more nervous state. That then led to that country signing treaties of its own. This continued and you were left with two main alliances/ententes. The Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy) and the Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia).

  1. Why did the British lose the American Revolution?

    Howe had also assaulted Philadelphia, on October 4 in hopes of discouraging Patriots, rallying loyalists, and winning the whole war. This he did instead of attacking the forces of Washington that were weak and vulnerable in the winter in Valley Forge.

  2. Why did the Central Powers lose the First World War?

    John Tomkinson, the Central Powers had less useful allies than the Allies power. Austria-Hungary had passed its glorious days and both the army and the economy were inefficient and backward while the Ottoman Empire was undergoing a socio-political turmoil. This could be regarded as a situational cause.

  1. To what extent was Germanys defeat in WW1 due to the Allies strengths and ...

    The successes of the Allied armies had little to do with Germany's defeat considering the fallacies entertained by German strategists, whose hopes of erasing the possibility of a two-front war saw the Kaiser's forces critically delayed and overstretched due to miscalculations in the Schlieffen Plan.

  2. My research questions: did the United States of America really lose the Vietnam War ...

    Actually after the Americans withdrew from war the expansion increased and Communism affected such places as Afghanistan, Guinea-Bissau, Ethiopia, Nicaragua, and other. Secondly, President Johnson in his speech named the reasons for the United States' involvement in Vietnam War. He emphasized that they had to keep their promise to South Vietnam.

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    host of other, radical Islamic groups - Rabin and Arafat were still miles apart on whether the Palestinian state was to be the end result of this process. Many Palestinians became disillusioned by the slow process of peace, a factor that helped the rise of groups such as Hamas and

  2. The Causes of WW1. First World War caused by MANIA: Militarism - Alliances ...

    In 1903, King Alexander of Serbia was assassinated and the accession to the throne was pro-Russian Peter I. The new government made it very clear that they favored a policy of "South Slavism" and the customs union concluded in 1904 between Serbia and Bulgaria encouraged the view that Serbia was "the Piedmont of the South Slavs".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work