• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

why did stalin, instead of trotsky, become the USSR leader?

Extracts from this document...


History Essay Why did Stalin instead of Trotsky emerge as leader of the USSR by 1929? Vladimir Lenin, leader of the USSR, died on the 21st of January 1924. His death will bring a great power struggle among the main characters of the Bolshevik party. They were the members of the Politburo: Leon Trotsky, Gregory Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev, Nikolai Bukharin, Alexei Rykov, Mikhail Tomsky and Joseph Stalin. By 1924 the communist party was divided in left and right. On the left there were Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev, on the right Bukharin, Rykov, Tomsky, and Stalin was playing in the middle. Stalin plan was basically to look at his opponents destroying each other and jumping always in the majority, even if this might ask to change his views. In 1924, Stalin decided to make an unofficial Triumvirate with Kamenev and Zinoviev in order to destroy Trotsky. However Stalin decided not to be too obvious to attack Trotsky personally, so he let Kamenev and Zinoviev do the work. It looked like Trotsky being the main contender and Kamenev and Zinoviev being his rivals. ...read more.


The support from the people was also an important factor for the Stalin's success. Coming from a poor family he could easily understood the needs of the poor people. Trotsky instead was the son of a well off landowner who showed to have a great intelligence and very good military skills; clearly showed in the arrangement of the Red Army in order to defend the revolution. So Trotsky was not a real politician; Stalin looked more suited for the top job because he was very close to the poor people, he was though he was a strong man who could control the whole state. For the rest of 1924 the Politburo continued to argue about the future of the Soviet economy. The strongest argument was between Stalin and Trotsky over Trotsky's theory of Permanent Revolution. Trotsky thought that communism was meant not to stay in the USSR only; he argued that the other countries feared communism and they would try to destroy it. For this reason, he said, it was necessary to spread communism to the countries as well. This would be done by giving help to revolutionary groups and parties already present into these countries. ...read more.


After the lost of power of Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev gained much power and they had more or less the same ideas of Trotsky, so they decided to join the forces against Stalin and right wing of the Communist party. However the New Opposition was defeated by Stalin and his new supporters, thanks at the great power that Stalin had in his hands. Kamenev and Zinoviev were dismissed from their posts of Soviet Chairmen, and replaced with two Stalin's supporters Molotov and Kirov. In 1927 Trotsky tried to gather as much support as he could to beat Stalin, but he completely failed his aim, and with the Congress consent he was expelled from the party. After the defeat of Trotsky now Stalin decided to get rid of the new allies as well, he came out with a new economic policy "the five years plan". The right had basically two problems, one was ideological, because keeping the NEP would have been going against the communist ideology; the other one was the organization. Stalin took the advantages of their difficulties and defeated them. So in 1929 Bukharin, Rykov and Tomsky were dismissed, and Stalin remains as the only survivor and took the lead of the USSR. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Comparison between Trotsky's and Lenin's role in the establishment of the USSR

    It should then let them sell the rest of their produce at free market price. The idea was simple and it promised to end popular discontent and restore grain transport to the towns. This policy would mean ending War Communism and a partial return to capitalism, a fact that didn't suit many party members.

  2. The Nature of Revolutions Leon Trotsky once remarked that if poverty was the ...

    because the government eradicates that desire for change, society revolts and confronts the situation. Even though the Egyptian constitution provides for the universal freedom of speech, the government frequently authorized home raids and arrests of bloggers and reporters who criticize the government.

  1. USSR under Stalin

    The importance of the source is that it comes directly from Stalin so the style of his rule can be examined as well as his attitude towards the kulaks who he claims to be enemies of the state as they oppose collectivisation and do not want to give up their land.

  2. Hitler vs. Stalin: Who is a more destructive leader in terms of religious groups?

    Several of these examples will be used. Some will be from people who Stalin effected and some will be from people who Hitler effects. All of these examples will be compared and contrasted to help determine who was a more destructive leader.

  1. Total War: To what extend did Gorbachev overcome the internal problems he faced as ...

    As a result of Soviet expansion and attempts to make allies the Soviet union had pushed the limits of its military capabilities. Thus with a leader there had to be altercations in Soviet foreign and domestic policies in attempt to salvage what was left.

  2. Why has Afghanistan become such an important issue in the last 10 years?

    convicted murders and adulterers and amputations of those found guilty of theft. Men were required to grow beards and women to cover up in a burka. In November 2001 the Taliban were overthrown by the British and American armed forces, as well as Afghan fighters (from a group called the Northern Alliance).

  1. Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as the leader of the USSR in ...

    These bureaucratic positions were designated to Stalin because he ?posed as a moderate, often a centrist?, seemingly with no idealistic desires other than to follow Lenin, contrasting with other prominent members in the party, including theorists such as Trotsky and Bukharin.

  2. Is there any suspicion with regard to the death of Vladimir Lenin, the undisputed ...

    This along with lots of other undercover conspiracies, the relationship souring with Joseph Stalin, other rivals in the field, all this and the potential reason of conspiracy murder cannot be ruled out by any means. Over period of time people have investigated into this topic and tried bringing out the possible reasons that might have contributed to the death.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work