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why did stalin, instead of trotsky, become the USSR leader?

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History Essay Why did Stalin instead of Trotsky emerge as leader of the USSR by 1929? Vladimir Lenin, leader of the USSR, died on the 21st of January 1924. His death will bring a great power struggle among the main characters of the Bolshevik party. They were the members of the Politburo: Leon Trotsky, Gregory Zinoviev, Lev Kamenev, Nikolai Bukharin, Alexei Rykov, Mikhail Tomsky and Joseph Stalin. By 1924 the communist party was divided in left and right. On the left there were Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev, on the right Bukharin, Rykov, Tomsky, and Stalin was playing in the middle. Stalin plan was basically to look at his opponents destroying each other and jumping always in the majority, even if this might ask to change his views. In 1924, Stalin decided to make an unofficial Triumvirate with Kamenev and Zinoviev in order to destroy Trotsky. However Stalin decided not to be too obvious to attack Trotsky personally, so he let Kamenev and Zinoviev do the work. It looked like Trotsky being the main contender and Kamenev and Zinoviev being his rivals. ...read more.


The support from the people was also an important factor for the Stalin's success. Coming from a poor family he could easily understood the needs of the poor people. Trotsky instead was the son of a well off landowner who showed to have a great intelligence and very good military skills; clearly showed in the arrangement of the Red Army in order to defend the revolution. So Trotsky was not a real politician; Stalin looked more suited for the top job because he was very close to the poor people, he was though he was a strong man who could control the whole state. For the rest of 1924 the Politburo continued to argue about the future of the Soviet economy. The strongest argument was between Stalin and Trotsky over Trotsky's theory of Permanent Revolution. Trotsky thought that communism was meant not to stay in the USSR only; he argued that the other countries feared communism and they would try to destroy it. For this reason, he said, it was necessary to spread communism to the countries as well. This would be done by giving help to revolutionary groups and parties already present into these countries. ...read more.


After the lost of power of Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev gained much power and they had more or less the same ideas of Trotsky, so they decided to join the forces against Stalin and right wing of the Communist party. However the New Opposition was defeated by Stalin and his new supporters, thanks at the great power that Stalin had in his hands. Kamenev and Zinoviev were dismissed from their posts of Soviet Chairmen, and replaced with two Stalin's supporters Molotov and Kirov. In 1927 Trotsky tried to gather as much support as he could to beat Stalin, but he completely failed his aim, and with the Congress consent he was expelled from the party. After the defeat of Trotsky now Stalin decided to get rid of the new allies as well, he came out with a new economic policy "the five years plan". The right had basically two problems, one was ideological, because keeping the NEP would have been going against the communist ideology; the other one was the organization. Stalin took the advantages of their difficulties and defeated them. So in 1929 Bukharin, Rykov and Tomsky were dismissed, and Stalin remains as the only survivor and took the lead of the USSR. ...read more.

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