• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the USSR enter into an alliance with Germany in 1939

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Historical investigation: Why did the USSR enter into an alliance with Germany in 1939? is the policy of Britain to blame? 1982 words A)Topic: Why did the USSR enter into an alliance with Germany in 1939? is the policy of Britain to blame? Plan of the investigation: In spite of negotiations with Chamberlain over an Anglo-soviet alliance previous to 1939 Stalin chose to ally himself with Hitler. His decision came as a shock to many, who saw Hitler as a turncoat after his recent breaches of the Versailles treaty and unwillingness to comply with international pressures demanding his troops continued absence from Poland. The aim of this investigation is to discover the reasons for Stalins cooperation with Hitler and whether or not this alliance could have been avoided by the British. The investigation will uncover the reasons for the failure of the Anglo-Soviet talks, and Stalin's potential gains from entering either alliance, mainly documented by a transcript of the secret clause added to the non-aggression pact formed and an extract from Neville Chamberlain's personal diary. (150 words) B)Summary of evidence: 1. Chamberlain and the Russian talks Throughout the later part of the 1930's Hitler broke the Versailles treaty by expanding the German army rapidly. The Munich Conference of 1938, that led to the Germans reclaiming Sudetenland, made Stalin fear that the allies appeasement policy would be followed in relation to the fate of the USSR at a later point.1 In October 1938 Ribbentrop proposed a renewal of the Non-aggression pact with Poland, in exchange for the city of Danzig and the establishment of a motor- and railway system, that was supposed to enter polish territory. This proposal was denied by the polish, and led to Hitler contemplating a military invasion.2 Stalin thought that Hitlers eventual goal was ...read more.

Middle

The British were reluctant to interact with the Soviet government, and the request for an audience with Lord Halifax, the British Foreign Secretary, in Moscow was met with a refusal. However eventually the British sent the minor official called Reginald Ranfurly Plunckett-Ernle-Erle-Drax.13 This sort of "diplomacy of convenience" angered the soviet government, who felt that they where entitled to have a word in regards to when and where, negotiations were to be made. Stalin considered negotiations with this low level official an insult, and sent him back. So in this respect the British effectively pushed Stalin towards Hitler, with their continuous delayed reactions, and their low prioritization of the Soviet Union. Why Stalin found the Nazi deal necessary: The failure of Stalin's approaches to the British, had effectively led the Soviet Union to face one of two scenarios. They could attempt to fend off, what Stalin assumed was an eminent attack on two fronts by the Germans and the Japanese, or they could align themselves with Germany in a mutual non-aggression pact which Stalin thought would buy the soviets the time to prepare for war with Hitler14. In spite of Hitlers impression on Stalin, he earned himself some goodwill on a previous occasion when Soviet spies uncovered information that suggested the Japanese had been discouraged by the Germans from attacking the Soviet Union. This information not only implied that Hitler could be trusted to some extent, but also that he rejected the idea of an immediate war with the Red Army. 15 The attraction of a deal with Hitler was that the proposal involved a promise of the soviets gaining territory in eastern Europe. The idea of a Non-Aggression pact with Germany was certainly an incentive, but unreliable at best. ...read more.

Conclusion

12 This notion seems rational as Chamberlain had obvious grievances with both the Hitler and Stalin, and that Britain would benefit from not having to face the totality of either's army. 13 But this only happened after Hitlers behavior towards Poland suggested that the country might be the next in his series of hostile takeovers and the British envoy had no authority to make any decisions, and was transported by a slow moving boat rather then airplane, which seemed like a deliberate attempt at delaying his arrival. 14 He felt that an armed conflict with Hitler was unavoidable in either scenario. 15 Along with Hitlers focus on the creating the Pact of Steel with Italy, this information led Stalin to believe that the Nazis main focus was Central Europe, and that his initial main enemy was Japan. 16 Stalin Quote: Of course, it's all a game to see who can fool whom. I know what Hitler's up to. He thinks he's outsmarted me, but actually it's I who have tricked him. 17 Stalin acknowledged that without an immediate eastern front Hitler would progress to central Europe, where he'd be forced to battle Britain and France 18 Extract from Isaac Deutscher's Stalin (1949): To his mind the war was inevitable anyhow; if he had made no deal with Hitler, war wound still have broken out either now or somewhat later, under conditions incomparably less favourable to his country. His purpose now was to win time, time, and once again time, to get on with his economic plans, to build up Russia's might and then throw that might into the scales when the other belligerents were on their last legs. Bertil Kristensen Jessen 3.I Historical investigation 01/11/08 Candidate: 001490-022 12/12 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. "To what extent can it be said that the First World War was caused ...

    However, although this offered great support to the war, arms race cannot be classified as the principle cause of conflict. Another underlying cause of World War One was nationalism as there was an emerging problem of aggressive patriotism throughout Europe.

  2. Comparison between Trotsky's and Lenin's role in the establishment of the USSR

    Further more obligatory labour duty was imposed onto "non-working classes", Prodrazvyorstka, the requisition of agricultural surpluses from peasants in excess of absolute minimum for centralized distribution among the remaining population was introduced; food and most commodities were rationed and distributed in a centralized way.

  1. Nazi Germany

    make them into the 2nd German army, which would make him potentially the most powerful man in Germany (with control over 4million SA men) - Hitler didn't like the idea!! - On 30 June 1934, R�hm and the other SA leaders were arrested on Hitler's orders and executed (shot), (Hitler accused them of plotting an overthrow)

  2. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    The Russian tsars had more power than constitutional monarchs because they were not bounded by a constitution or a law-making body. In 1917 there were a series of revolutions within Russia that overthrow the tsarist autocracy which had been in place for hundreds of years.

  1. History Investigation - Hitler

    by both sides was seen by many as evidence of the Nazis' commitment to law and order."8 In the election of September 1930, "the Nazis gained 107 seats, becoming the second largest party in the Reichstag."9 Other parties couldn't outvote the Nazis.

  2. Compare and contrast Hitler's and Stalin's roads to power.

    One should also mention that Hitler gave concessions to the right and centre of political scene, army, workers and Catholic Church. Similarly, Stalin made temporary alliances with Zinoviev and Kamenev and later Bukharin. Worth mentioning is also the fact that both tyrants had complete control over their parties - Stalin

  1. What were the Aims and Achievements of Stalins Foreign Policy between 1928 and 1941?

    The fact that Stalin?s instruction of the German Communists through the Comintern prevented them from forming a coalition with the ?social fascists? despite the Social Democrats being one of the biggest parties in Weimar, and instead focusing its efforts on desecrating their name, paved the way for Hitler to rise to power.

  2. How similar were Hitler and Stalin ?

    Indeed, they were capable of using their own words to twist and manipulate people?s minds so as to make them believe that what they were saying was the only truth. And with this, they would get people to do anything for them, what clearly proves their amorality.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work