• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the World War break out in the summer of 1914?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the World War break out in the summer of 1914? The First World War seemed to be inevitable. It was a mixture of complex situations and problems that every time were becoming bigger and involving more and more countries. Like any other war, this war was about power. This was a crucial moment to gain something or to lose everything and European countries knew it. This War was the catastrophic result of defective decisions (Ferguson, Niall, 1914: Why the World Went to War, p.3) made all around Europe which influenced the whole world since all the most powerful countries were in Europe. There were many problems in aspects in Europe, although it seemed like if it was a time of peace. Any of those problems had the potential of causing a war. Each Great power felt that their vital interests were somehow involved so many countries entered the war. There was no way of avoiding it. The assassination of the Prince Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the detonator of this. Vienna saw the opportunity of gaining German support with this, showing that even in an event like this, a murder, countries wanted to gain something. ...read more.


The leaders of all the countries took into account that the increasing amounts of money spent in arms would lead in some time into national crisis or wars. Because of this, it was tried worldwide to act in favour of disarming in several times. However, the international rivalry was in such a point that it was not possible to achieve any effective agreement in favour of international disarming. At the same time, the European states established alliances with another powers so they were not isolated in case of a war. This attitude created something that increased the possibilities of a general conflict: the union of the great powers of Europe into two military alliances. They were the Triple Alliance, formed by Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy; and the Triple Entente, Great Britain, France and Russia. These blocs of countries were really strong so changes that were produced into these alliances contributed to create an atmosphere of latent crisis, but not war: that is why this period of time is called the "Armed Peace". The alliance systems were supposed to promote peace. All countries were making treaties about non-aggression pacts. ...read more.


To survive as an independent power was one of the main reasons that Austria-Hungary had for entering the war. They did not want to depend of any other country, they wanted autonomy. This also they wanted to destroy Serbia, that was because they were frightened, they though that Serbia might have become a very strong power and they wanted to make sure that was not going to happen otherwise, it could make their position to shake. The immediate cause which provoked the outbreak of the First World War was the assassination of the Prince Archduke Franz Ferdinand. However there were stronger reasons than that to make a war start in that precise moment. The intense nationalist feeling that grew all over Europe was not as insignificant as it seems, it was creating conflicts which was precisely what Europe did not need anymore. The sense of competition as well was the economic and politic rivalry between the different nations was also affecting the relations between several countries. The process of militarization and the accelerated development in arms were obviously things that were affecting the whole world but also that were like a bomb gathering more and more material could not last very long, until it exploded. ?? ?? ?? ?? Alejandra Cossio Mart�nez 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Notes on Italian unification - background and main events

    If Prussia won --> Italy would get Venetia o If Prussia lost --> France would hand over Venetia to Italy - In the Austro- Prussian War (7 weeks War), of summer 1866, the Italian forces were defeated on land and sea.

  2. How valid is to claim that "Europe stumbled into a war in 1914"?

    He decided to reject Bismarck's cautious policies and aimed at making Germany the strongest and most powerful country in Europe. He fortified the German army and created a Naval League for the construction of a large navy. This was a wrong diplomatic move, as it gave too much power to

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    These assemblies all voted for union with Piedmont. Austria was in no position to restore the of rulers by force. Victor Emmanuel, aware of Napoleon III's opposition, decided not to annex central Italy immediately. � The Treaty of Zurich between France, Piedmont and Austria was signed in November 1859 upheld

  2. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    Serfs, or peasants tied to the land, worked on the lands of boyars. They agricultural yields were low due to the serf's use of the same technology for hundreds of years. Serfdom was abolished between 1861 and 1892 in different regions of the Russian empire, but the peasants continued to struggle economically even after they gained their freedom42.

  1. What was the Effect of Nationalism on World War I?

    In the following years leading up to war in 1914, Europe was settled into two armed camps. In the center were Germany and Austria-Hungary, allied in 1879, and they were joined by Italy to form the Triple Alliance. France and Russia, an unlikely pair of allies, were brought together by fear of German expansion, and formed the Dual Alliance.

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    begins with the Treasury Department on a purely economic basis - Above all, the USA wanted to avoid the problems raised by reparations in the Versailles settlement at the end of WWI and the problems which caused the Wall Street Crash and Great Depression - The USA believed there must

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Economy 1. How can the situation be improved? Especially food and fuel supplies. Minorities 1. Many groups (Finns, Poles, Ukrainians) pushing for independence and self-government now that Tsarism had collapsed. Should the old empire be allowed to break up? Formation of the Dual Alliance/Dual Power 1.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Schlaim: "Each of the other Arab states was also moved by dynastic or national interests, which were hidden behind the fig leaf of securing Palestine for the Palestinians." - The Yom Kippur War demonstrated this loss of cooperation, as the Egyptians followed their own plan that did not support the Syrian advance, and Hussein warned Israel of the possible attack.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work