• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the World War break out in the summer of 1914?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the World War break out in the summer of 1914? The First World War seemed to be inevitable. It was a mixture of complex situations and problems that every time were becoming bigger and involving more and more countries. Like any other war, this war was about power. This was a crucial moment to gain something or to lose everything and European countries knew it. This War was the catastrophic result of defective decisions (Ferguson, Niall, 1914: Why the World Went to War, p.3) made all around Europe which influenced the whole world since all the most powerful countries were in Europe. There were many problems in aspects in Europe, although it seemed like if it was a time of peace. Any of those problems had the potential of causing a war. Each Great power felt that their vital interests were somehow involved so many countries entered the war. There was no way of avoiding it. The assassination of the Prince Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the detonator of this. Vienna saw the opportunity of gaining German support with this, showing that even in an event like this, a murder, countries wanted to gain something. ...read more.


The leaders of all the countries took into account that the increasing amounts of money spent in arms would lead in some time into national crisis or wars. Because of this, it was tried worldwide to act in favour of disarming in several times. However, the international rivalry was in such a point that it was not possible to achieve any effective agreement in favour of international disarming. At the same time, the European states established alliances with another powers so they were not isolated in case of a war. This attitude created something that increased the possibilities of a general conflict: the union of the great powers of Europe into two military alliances. They were the Triple Alliance, formed by Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy; and the Triple Entente, Great Britain, France and Russia. These blocs of countries were really strong so changes that were produced into these alliances contributed to create an atmosphere of latent crisis, but not war: that is why this period of time is called the "Armed Peace". The alliance systems were supposed to promote peace. All countries were making treaties about non-aggression pacts. ...read more.


To survive as an independent power was one of the main reasons that Austria-Hungary had for entering the war. They did not want to depend of any other country, they wanted autonomy. This also they wanted to destroy Serbia, that was because they were frightened, they though that Serbia might have become a very strong power and they wanted to make sure that was not going to happen otherwise, it could make their position to shake. The immediate cause which provoked the outbreak of the First World War was the assassination of the Prince Archduke Franz Ferdinand. However there were stronger reasons than that to make a war start in that precise moment. The intense nationalist feeling that grew all over Europe was not as insignificant as it seems, it was creating conflicts which was precisely what Europe did not need anymore. The sense of competition as well was the economic and politic rivalry between the different nations was also affecting the relations between several countries. The process of militarization and the accelerated development in arms were obviously things that were affecting the whole world but also that were like a bomb gathering more and more material could not last very long, until it exploded. ?? ?? ?? ?? Alejandra Cossio Mart�nez 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Notes on Italian unification - background and main events

    As reward for her participation, Italy would receive Venetia. In fact it was the Italians that insisted on the time limit of 3 months - Austria had already agreed with France that France would receive Venetia - Irony; more or less, whatever happened, Italy was going to receive Venetia o

  2. What was the Effect of Nationalism on World War I?

    This intensifying economic competition among European countries eventually led to stronger nationalistic feelings. Even education systems were changed, and later systems would preach superiority over other countries. This was demonstrated in Britain, for example, as stated by George Morgan that "We had been brought up to believe that Britain was

  1. How valid is to claim that "Europe stumbled into a war in 1914"?

    He decided to reject Bismarck's cautious policies and aimed at making Germany the strongest and most powerful country in Europe. He fortified the German army and created a Naval League for the construction of a large navy. This was a wrong diplomatic move, as it gave too much power to

  2. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    Issued an ultimatum, which was rejected. � On 29 April Austria declared war on Piedmont. Few Italians outside Piedmont rallied to the cause and Piedmont could raise only 60,000 men. However, Napoleon III kept his word and declared war on Austria. Over 100,000 French troops, ineptly led by Napoleon III, crossed the Alps.

  1. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    figure which is much higher than Poland's neighboring countries which are experiencing negative numbers. SOVIET UNION & RUSSIA POLITICAL ASPECT Before World War Two, politically the Soviet Union had been a tsarist autocracy. The tsar, or monarch, has absolute power and is able to distribute it to his liking35.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Guchkov (Minister of War and Navy)- Resigned when his policy of continuing the war to victory was opposed by the Petrograd Soviet. Pro-Tsar White. 4. Kerensky (Minister of Justice)- Former Trudovik, joined SRs during the February Revolution. Link between the PG and Petrograd Soviet.

  1. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    and an organization providing eyewitness to the withdrawal of Soviet weapons from Cuba. However, the Americans? underestimation on U Thant was proved wrong when he soon displayed the extent of his mediation and intervention in the crisis. Advised by the forty-five delegations of non-aligned countries, U Thant sent two identical

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    perpetuated the belief in Israel that they were all totally dedicated to its destruction. - Pan-Arab nationalism was fostered by Egypt's Nasser, arguably the most influential Arab leader of the 20th Century. Nasser aimed to forge Arab unity; he dreamed of leading a pan-Arabism cause.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work