• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Germany Lost The War

Extracts from this document...


Why Germany Lost The War WHY THE GERMANS LOST Failure of the Schlieffen Plan * The Schlieffen Plan was a strategic plan developed by General Alfred von Schlieffen in 1905 and was to be implemented in the event of a European war. * The plan was to avoid a war on two fronts by swiftly defeating the French on the Western Front and the Russians on the Eastern Front. In order to get to France, the Germans would first have to cross through Belgium * However, when WWI broke out, the German's fear of a war on two fronts was realised when the Schlieffen Plan failed. * The Belgium army put up a stronger resistance than expected and delayed the Germans by the month and the French could not be defeated swiftly. * This dragged Germany into a war of attrition on two fronts as the Russians had also mobilised their troops quicker than the Germans had expected. However, the failure of the Schlieffen Plan was made certain by the Battle of the Marne. The Battle of the Marne * The Battle of the Marne, fought between 5 and 12 September 1914, was a battle that resulted in ...read more.


* Both the German Empire and the British Empire relied heavily on imports to feed their population and supply their war industry. * The U.K. and Germany both aimed to blockade each other. The British had the Royal Navy which was superior in numbers and could operate throughout the British Empire, while the German Kaiserliche Marine surface fleet was mainly restricted to the German Bight, and used commerce raiders and unrestricted submarine warfare to operate elsewhere. * The blockade made a large contribution to the outcome of the war; by 1915, Germany's imports had already fallen by 55% from their pre-war levels and the exports were 53% of what they were 1914. * Apart from leading to shortages in vital raw materials such as coal and non-ferrous metals, the blockade also deprived Germany of supplies of fertiliser that were vital to agriculture. This latter led to staples such as grain, potatoes, meat, and dairy products becoming so scarce by the end of 1916 that many people were obliged to instead consume ersatz products including Kriegsbrot ("war bread") and powdered milk. ...read more.


* There were also problems with the Bulgarian forces. Indeed although they, in alliance with Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottomans, won military victories against Serbia and Romania, occupying much of Macedonia (taking Skopje in October), advancing into Greek Macedonia, and taking Dobruja from the Romanians in September 1916, the war soon became unpopular with the majority of Bulgarian people, who suffered great economic hardship. * Moreover, the Russian Revolution of February 1917 had a great effect in Bulgaria, spreading antiwar and anti-monarchist sentiment among the troops and in the cities. In June Radoslavov's government resigned. Mutinies broke out in the army and Stamboliyski was released. * The WWI years was also proving to be disastrous to the Ottoman Empire. They were suffering enormous losses in terms of men and territory. Summary * Indeed many in Germany believed that they were winning the war, as did many soldiers, but the reality was that too many factors were working against them. * WWI was a war of attrition with very little advancements and the defeat of the German army relied on the success of the British navy, as well as the battles on both fronts. * Eventually, Germany was defeated in the war due to simply being outgunned and lacked the manpower and resources of the allied forces. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. History Internal Somme

    Some troops were even told "you will find the Germans all dead, not even a rat will have survived" (S. Everett, 89). This was far from the truth. The Allies met stiff German opposition and thousands were killed or injured.

  2. Nazi Germany

    � in 1930 elections the Nazis got 107 seats - only Social Democrats(SPD) had more � in 1932 almost 200 seats � Nazis did not yet have the majority, but they became the biggest single party!

  1. Why The British Lost The Revolutionary War

    Even in the south, Britain had become successful. They were winning battles and had weakened the Continental army. But once again, victory slipped through the hands of Britain due to misjudgments of William Howe. He had several opportunities to place a final attack on the Continental Army but invariably chose not to.

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    It guaranteed the USSR a cheap supply of raw materials c) Poland was forced to sell its coal to the USSR at one tenth of the market price - Membership of COMECON was compulsory for all Eastern European States in the Communist Bloc (East Germany, East Berlin, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania)

  1. Technoligical advancements during WWI

    This made the explosions causing damage in a bigger range, inflicting more casualties. Therefore, artillery was considered as the most effective weapon used in WWI. Although the concept of tanks already existed in the 1890s, it was not until the stalemate in WWI when it became important.

  2. To what extent were the British culpable for the sinking of the Lusitania on ...

    The United States government immediately warned Germany that it would be held accountable for any American lives lost due to submarine warfare. Nevertheless, the Germans assumed that the United States would not be able to mobilize quickly enough to make a difference in the war.

  1. History Before WWI

    II - Unprepared for his throne - Faced the enormous problems of modernizing Russia and bringing it into the 20th century - Duty to uphold the autocracy and proved unwilling to make any moves towards constitutional gov't (may have aided his survival and helped Russia solve its political problems)

  2. Goebbels contribution to germany

    Goebbels took control of various media such as the print media, visual media which included films, audio media such as radios and loudspeakers through which he controlled the publication and printing of matters so that every piece of work followed the Nazi ideology.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work