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Why Germany Lost The War

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Introduction

Why Germany Lost The War WHY THE GERMANS LOST Failure of the Schlieffen Plan * The Schlieffen Plan was a strategic plan developed by General Alfred von Schlieffen in 1905 and was to be implemented in the event of a European war. * The plan was to avoid a war on two fronts by swiftly defeating the French on the Western Front and the Russians on the Eastern Front. In order to get to France, the Germans would first have to cross through Belgium * However, when WWI broke out, the German's fear of a war on two fronts was realised when the Schlieffen Plan failed. * The Belgium army put up a stronger resistance than expected and delayed the Germans by the month and the French could not be defeated swiftly. * This dragged Germany into a war of attrition on two fronts as the Russians had also mobilised their troops quicker than the Germans had expected. However, the failure of the Schlieffen Plan was made certain by the Battle of the Marne. The Battle of the Marne * The Battle of the Marne, fought between 5 and 12 September 1914, was a battle that resulted in ...read more.

Middle

* Both the German Empire and the British Empire relied heavily on imports to feed their population and supply their war industry. * The U.K. and Germany both aimed to blockade each other. The British had the Royal Navy which was superior in numbers and could operate throughout the British Empire, while the German Kaiserliche Marine surface fleet was mainly restricted to the German Bight, and used commerce raiders and unrestricted submarine warfare to operate elsewhere. * The blockade made a large contribution to the outcome of the war; by 1915, Germany's imports had already fallen by 55% from their pre-war levels and the exports were 53% of what they were 1914. * Apart from leading to shortages in vital raw materials such as coal and non-ferrous metals, the blockade also deprived Germany of supplies of fertiliser that were vital to agriculture. This latter led to staples such as grain, potatoes, meat, and dairy products becoming so scarce by the end of 1916 that many people were obliged to instead consume ersatz products including Kriegsbrot ("war bread") and powdered milk. ...read more.

Conclusion

* There were also problems with the Bulgarian forces. Indeed although they, in alliance with Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottomans, won military victories against Serbia and Romania, occupying much of Macedonia (taking Skopje in October), advancing into Greek Macedonia, and taking Dobruja from the Romanians in September 1916, the war soon became unpopular with the majority of Bulgarian people, who suffered great economic hardship. * Moreover, the Russian Revolution of February 1917 had a great effect in Bulgaria, spreading antiwar and anti-monarchist sentiment among the troops and in the cities. In June Radoslavov's government resigned. Mutinies broke out in the army and Stamboliyski was released. * The WWI years was also proving to be disastrous to the Ottoman Empire. They were suffering enormous losses in terms of men and territory. Summary * Indeed many in Germany believed that they were winning the war, as did many soldiers, but the reality was that too many factors were working against them. * WWI was a war of attrition with very little advancements and the defeat of the German army relied on the success of the British navy, as well as the battles on both fronts. * Eventually, Germany was defeated in the war due to simply being outgunned and lacked the manpower and resources of the allied forces. ...read more.

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