• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Germany Unified under Prussia and not Austria. Outline

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Germany unify under Prussia and not Austria? 1) Economically powerful 2) Militarily advanced, 3) Politically Progressive/ Competent Political leadership Economic Policies: Powerhouse: Prussia debt 11%, Austria debt 26% -From putting down revolutions in 1830 and 1848 in Italian States and being defeated in Austro- Italian war, Austria had large military debts. 1. Zollverein 1818 : customs union 1. Ended internal tariffs, encouraged development and communication between the States; used a unified weights and measure system 1. Economic leader of the German Confederation; other states looked to Prussia economically 1. Austria didn?t remove internal tariffs until 1829; was excluded from Zollverein 2. Prussia had a strong economic base which gave to the opportunity to expand military 2) Population Increase 1. 87% of population increase, 2x Austria 1. Economically larger, larger work force?more workers for factories 3) Industrialization 1. Prussia had a booming steel production 1. Krupp Factory 1. Coal and Iron= Steel Production 1. Prussia had a booming economy and had the materials to create weaponry for war. 2. Austria= Agrarian, cotton production Analysis: Other German states looked to Prussia as the economic leader, Prussia?s ability to expand militarily (large economic base) ...read more.

Middle

Manipulates other leaders and out strategizes them 1. ex. Schleswig- Holstein Crisis: Bismarck successfully maneuvered Austria into allying with them to defeat Denmark as a ?German issue,? although Austria has no reason to take part (duchies are much further from Austria) 1. **** Outsmarts Rechburg of Austria 1. Bismarck pretends to support Duke of Augustenburg to avoid looking un-German and maintain Austria?s support 2. Bismarck really wants duchies for Prussia (not another German state), and he turns on both Augustenburg and Austria 1. 1865-1866: Bismarck meets with leaders of other foreign nations to secure neutrality and gain support for Prussia against a war with Austria 1. France 1865- Bismarck meets with Napoleon at Biarritz to assure French will stay neutral (hints Rhineland to Napoleon) 2. Italy-April 1865- Bismarck meets with Victor Emmanuel to make alliance against Austria 1. If there is war within the next 3 months, Italy will ally with Prussia in return for Venetia ***Diplomatically outmaneuvers Austria 1. Although Austria is political leader of German states, the leaders turn the S-H issue over to the German Diet instead of looking to the German states who supported Austria 1. ...read more.

Conclusion

Austrian soldiers were less educated and from different ethnicities: couldn?t read written manuals, didn?t speak the same language, couldn?t be commanded by one person 3. Austrian soldiers were less dedicated?different ethnicities and conscription 2) Developments 1. Needleguns vs. Muskets (5 shots in the time of 1) 2. Railroads: transport troops and weapons by train; owned 56% of railroads 1. Advanced weaponry; advanced way to transport troops; efficient 2. Austrians tools were outdated and less effective 3) Strong Army General Staff 1. Leadership: Moltka: Chief of Staff of war?very strategic 2. Studied maps, had war games and drills, practiced routines 3. Reorganized the military 1. Created a disciplined, smart army 4) Ethnic Make-Up 1. Prussia= all German, more unified 2. Austria= mix of nationalities (Slovs, Hungarians, Czechs), less unified 1. Disadvantage because of language conflict 2. Training manuals need to be in multiple languages 3. Made communication with army extremely difficult **When Aust Analysis: Prussia defeats Austria in war even though they are outnumbered as a result of the militarily advancements and the strong dominant leadership (Battle of Sadowa 1866) Military advancements allow them to defeat Austria and unify the Northern German states under Prussia. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon - revision notes

    The social laws introduced by Robespierre were no longer applied. Efforts towards the economic quality were abandoned. * When the Thermidorian came to power, reaction set in France. The National Convention became to debate the new constitution. It was passed in August 1795 and is known as The Constitution of Year III.

  2. Why had Prussia, rather than Austria, emerged as the dominant German power by 1871?

    There were also some other changes, like splitting of material into subjects. The Prussian way of teaching proved good, as geniuses like Albert Einstein came from this (although not from Prussia). The good education caused Prussia to have a lot of scientists and smart people, which helped the industrialization (Richman, Sheldon L).

  1. Under what extent was German Unification under Prussia due to Prussian economic superiority between ...

    He said in 1858 there was 'nothing more German that the development of Prussia's particular interests'. On 30 September 1862 Bismarck declared to the Prussian parliament: "Germany dies not look to Prussia's liberalism, but to its power. Bavaria, Wurttemberg, Baden can indulge in liberalism, but no one will expect them to undertake Prussia's role...

  2. Nazi Germany

    did not - it was a DISASTER � He and other Nazis were arrested and charged with treason gaining enormous publicity for Hitler at the trial � Hitler spent 9 months of the 5year sentence which should originally be a life sentence according to the legal guidelines � in the prison he wrote his book called 'Mein Kampf' (My Struggle)

  1. u.s. constitution

    have been from two different parties which would create difficulties and disagreements within the cabinet. It also established the Electoral College which plays an imperative part in the voting process.

  2. History Internal Assesment

    The report for the return of Manchuria passed 42-1 with only Japan against it (Wikipedia). After seeing this, Japan left the League and no sanctions or restrictions were placed upon it by the League of Nations. C. Evaluation of Sources Source A (Appendix 2)

  1. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    - Palestinians in Jordan began to turn against King Abdullah (who was assassinated) and later King Hussein The development of Pan-Arab Nationalism: Nasser and his influence: - Arguably the most influential Arab leader of the century - Attended secondary school in Cairo and in 1938 graduated from the Royal Military

  2. To what extent were the social changes in Germany between 1865 and 1890 the ...

    I am interested in displaying how it had a new, complex model of governance and how it solved the two main challenges: the weakness of liberal political forces in their struggle for power and the smoldering social conflict between the ruling classes and the industrial workers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work