• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why The British Lost The Revolutionary War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The American Revolution refers to the period in history in which the Thirteen Colonies that became the United States of America gained independence from the British Empire. There were many battles and tactics against the British that were needed in order to obtain independence from them, including: The battle of Lexington, Bunker Hill, Saratoga, etc. Ultimately, the Americans succeeded in gaining Independence and winning the war. However, victory seemed out of reach for the Americans during the war; the Americans had fewer soldiers and weapons while the British had the most formidable army in the world at the time and flourished in soldiers and weaponry. There are significant reasons why the British lost the war despite having the upper hand in terms of weaponry and soldiers. Some of these include: the British fighting on American land, General Howe's lack of judgment, and the surrender of Lord Cornwallis and his soldiers. ...read more.

Middle

However, Howe misjudged; instead of following through with the plan, Howe decided to attack Philadelphia in order to discourage the Patriots, gain favor of Loyalists, and end the war. While Howe was in Philadelphia, Burgoyne and his soldiers started out fighting well, they had seized Fort Ticonderoga. However, things would take a drastic turn. In another battle (in Vermont, August 16, 1777) Burgoyne's army was severely decimated by American forces at Bennington. They were short of materials and with all help cut off, the British were forced to retreat to Saratoga. At Saratoga, General Horatio Gates surrounded Burgoyne and made him surrender on October 17, 1777. This was a major turning point and the war and really paved the way for America. Britain may not have had to retreat to Saratoga if William Howe had not abandoned his plan. Partially due to his misjudgment, America began it's road to victory, and Britain to it's demise. ...read more.

Conclusion

Washington and Rochambeau marched an army from New York to Virginia to join with other French forces while de Grasse sailed with soldiers to the Chesapeake Bay and the York River. Because of the precision of the positioning, they were able to capture Cornwallis and his troops. On October 17, 1781, after some resistance, Cornwallis surrendered he and his army of 7,000 men. Though this didn't win the Americans the war immediately, it put them way ahead of the British. This incident brought forth outcries in England against continuing the war; about two years later, after hardly any significant battles, the Americans and the British signed a final treaty on September 3, 1783. This sealed the defeat of the British. The fact that the war was fought on American soil, William Howe's misjudgments, and the surrender of John Cornwallis, all made Britain lose the war. This is despite their supremacy in both weaponry and soldiers. In the end, America was more determined and the British did not put their supremacy to use, hence William Howe's failure to attack. These are the reasons the British lost the war. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    There was a tremendous belief in Socialist countries in State Planning - The main idea was that the members of COMECON would trade with each other instead of trading with the west - The Soviet Satellite states and the Soviet Union were the member states of COMECON - In practice however, there was very little actual economic cooperation in COMECON.

  2. Was the American Revolution Revolutionary?

    Proper wealth meaning wealth untainted and undiminished by English taxes. For example, The Stamp Act of 1765 was an attempt to exploit control over the colonists and obtain "new revenue" (Jordan 88). In response to this failed attempt, the colonists' assemblies arranged a collective protest which ended in the repeal of the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act.

  1. The North, The South, and Slavery

    Changes in social roles of men and women that affected factory workers, farmers, and growing middle class i. Women had been denied many rights enjoyed by men and they lived in a patriarchal society ii. Women could not obtain divorces, but men could and men usually won custody of children iii.

  2. To what extent were the British culpable for the sinking of the Lusitania on ...

    New York: Walker Publishing Company, Inc., 2002. Diana Preston, who studied modern history at Oxford University, is a historian and the author of several books. She has written articles and reviewed books for numerous newspapers and magazines, including The Wall Street Journal, and is a broadcaster for the BBC.

  1. The Revolutionary - A study of the Marquis the Lafayette and his involvement in ...

    A Frenchman in the New World Lafayette was born in the castle of Chavagnac in Auvergne, the 6th of September 1757. At the tender age of 13, Lafayette lost both of his parents, leaving him a large fortune. The young Marquis chose a career as a soldier, and being of noble birth, instantly got the rank of an officer.

  2. Pre Revolutionary War

    The newly introduced European goods to Indian society improved the quality of living and made obtaining food easier by presenting guns and knives to the Indians. Spain enriched itself with American furs and exotic items, which compelled the English to begin colonization in the Americas.

  1. Why did the British lose the American Revolution?

    Another mistake they made, was about the geography. The British were aliens in strange land. First of all 3,000 thousand miles lay between the Americans and Britain so sending resources was a hassle. A lot of time passed between getting more supplies from homeland, even though they may need those supplies immediately.

  2. The Westeinde is one of the higher parts of The Hague, and the story ...

    Just how angry and upset his mother, the proud Alyt van Arckel, was about this we can only imagine. When young Gerrit returned to Holland he tried to leave his wife behind in France, but she followed him to The Hague, and when he refused to admit her into his

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work