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Why was the USA unable to defeat communism in south East Asia in the years 1965-73?

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Introduction

Why was the USA unable to defeat communism in south East Asia in the years 1965-73? In the 1950's the United States began to send troops to Vietnam. During the following 25-years the ensuing war would create some of the strongest tensions in US history. Thousands of men and women were sent thousands of miles to fight for a questionable cause. Out of fear of the spread of communism, the USA spent millions of dollars in hopes of containing communism. But where did it all go wrong? Inasmuch effort as the Americans put in and even as they were seen as a super power, they still faced defeat in south east Asia. In this essay I will discuss reasons why the USA was unable to defeat communism in south east Asia in the years 1960-73. The USA used a wide range of tactics throughout their occupation in Vietnam. These only seemed to get more and more intense from 1965 onwards. The USA were more advanced in their weapons, they possessed vast amounts of air power as well as on the ground. However, this proved to not work at the best of their advantage. On the 7th of February 1965, Johnson approved operation rolling thunder. This operation started in an effort to demoralise the north Vietnamese people and to undermine the capacity of the government. ...read more.

Middle

A student demonstration against the Vietnam war on the 4th of may 1970 at Kent state university is one that turned a lot of hearts away from the war. Four students were shot by an Ohio national guard and nine were wounded leaving one paralyzed. The event triggered a nationwide student strike that forced hundreds of colleges and universities to close. Not only were there public protests, but some members of the congress were against further involvement in Vietnam and were opposed to Nixon's ideas. This also played an important role because without support from congress, Nixon's position was much weakened. Without them it was going to be difficult for him to continue funding the war. Years following the tet offensive also further increased opposition within the USA and it was a period of a turning point in the war. The Tet offensive was widespread attacks launched on the cities of south Vietnam and against the US embassy on the 30th January 1968 by the communists. The objective of this was to lure the US troops into the more remote areas of Vietnam while at the same time causing maximum disruption in the cities and urban centres. The Tet offensive had a big effect on the US being unable to defeat communism. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although He strongly favoured the increase of military actions against the Communists and supported any US action, corruption was widespread throughout his government and it excited little enthusiasm. Clearly the leadership within south Vietnam was not as strong as that of the north, there was no unity among the leadership and this can be seen with the coups (diem was assassinated by his own people) and also the leadership failed to win the hearts of the Vietnamese people. They were very unpopular and this was very dangerous because it left the civilians vulnerable to communists who offered them what their leaders could not. Having looked at some of the very important factors .that may have led to the defeat of the US to communism such as poor leadership, ineffective tactics, opposition and the Tet offensive, the US simply did not want to win as much as the north Vietnamese. The US may have won in terms of numbers of their own soldiers dead which was much less than any other country that was involved and it may have had better advantage over its opponents in terms of weapons and machinery (air power), however, politically and psychologically it was a great defeat. The north Vietnamese were more tactful and more determined to win this war, they were fighting for a cause which was understood and supported by the majority of the Vietnamese and as a result, their resilience led to their victory. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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