• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

World War 2. To what extent was Italy involved in Operation Barbarossa?

Extracts from this document...


History Internal Assessment Title: To what extent was Italy involved in the Operation Barbarossa? Plan of the Investigation(259) In this essay I will investigate to what extent Italy was involved in the Operation Barbarossa planned by Hitler during ww2, as the inability to communicate and join forces between Mussolini and Hitler led, to a large extent, to the failure of Hitler's attempt of defeating Stalin. Therefore this essay aims to display the real effectiveness of Italy in the assault against the U.S.S.R. by highlighting the fundamental battles carried out by the Italian Army on the way to Stalingrad, the cooperation with Germans and Romanians in order to defeat the Russians, the reputation that Italy had in foreign countries such as Germany, Japan or U.S.A. and the strange reluctance of Hitler to rely on Mussolini's state as an allied nations. This study will include a variety of diverse sources ; such as the novel 'Operation Barbarossa-the case against Moscow' written by Gary Komar, the historical book' Barbarossa: the Axis and the Allies' written by John Erickson, which were both published in Britain therefore exposing the British perspective, and the novel Rise and Fall of the third Reich of William L. Shirer. Furthermore I will watch documentary videos such as 'L'Armata Italiana in Russia' which describes well the different steps the Italian troops had to follow in order to help the Germans arrive in Stalingrad and 'La disfatta in Russia' which gives a detailed chronology of the most relevant battles occurred. ...read more.


Greeks fighting Mussolini's troops and this is confirmed by the German Navy War Diary in which is written that a huge number of weapons and soldiers were sent to the Balkans by Hitler:�'the main reason Hitler turned to the Balkans was because Yugoslavia changed camp on him and he wanted to punish them. If the Italians had of been able to take care of Greece on their own it may have shortened the German intervention in the region. Hitler had his chance to take Moscow in either July or August but decided to head south into the Ukraine'. However there are other historians who think the opposite: Corelli Barnett's classic 'The Desert Generals' states that the delay was inevitable due to the fact that the Nazi Army was not ready to oppose the Russians yet: Germany's Balkans campaign didn't delay Barbarossa by a single day. While the Germans had originally hoped to jump off before June 22, this proved to be infeasible due to logistical preparations taking longer than expected (logistics were always the German Army's weakest point) and bad weather hampering the construction of airbases in Poland. By the time the stockpiles had been moved up and the airbases completed all the units sent to that Balkans were back in position in Poland and Rumania'. � From ' Barbarossa: the Axis and the Allies' written by John Erickson. � From ' The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich' written by William L. ...read more.


17th German division which had been defeated by the Russian in 1942 and Mussolini's troops helped the Axis to protect its strategic basis. By analysing the different conflicts between Italy and U.S.S.R. we gain a further understanding of the effectiveness of the Italian troops in the Operation Barbarossa and of what they had to stand in order to protect her lands. Conclusion(142) In this essay I've investigated and analysed many aspects in which Italy was involved during the Operation Barbarossa and how the Italians either affected or helped the Germans to win against the Russians. From this essay, it becomes clear that Italy played quite a significant role in the war as the support given to the Germans was matched only by the Finnish who defeated the Russians in some occasions and it's arguable that the Italian failure in the Balkans slowed down Hitler's plan to attack Stalingrad because it was proved that the German army was not ready to fight against the U.S.S.R. Yet the Italian Army was a great support and Germany had a valuable ally by her side which made the difference in several occasions. 6 'This source is valuable to a certain extent as it contains precious information about the campaign that Italy was carrying out in Russia, however it is limited due to the lack of different interpretations discussed'. 7 'Claims that the Balkans campaign delayed Barbarossa seem to have steamed from the British government's justifications of their disastrous intervention in Greece. In reality, it made no difference'. ?? ?? ?? ?? Michelini Riccardo ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Notes on Italian unification - background and main events

    That Cavour secretly gave help to Garibaldi b) That Cavour put every obstacle in the path of Garibaldi c) The view that Victor Emanuel helped Garibaldi but Cavour didn't d) One view is that Cavour tried to persuade Victor Emanuel to arrest Garibaldi, but he'd already set off - Garibaldi

  2. History Investigation - Hitler

    Leading to the Nazis becoming the largest party in the Reichstag in 1932, "receiving 13 million votes"12. Then in 1933, Hitler was appointed as Chancellor. The third key issue that contributed to Hitler becoming dictator was how he established a Nazi dictatorship in 1933-34.

  1. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    � Either way, by joining in the war Cavour did achieve his aim of a seat at the Paris Peace Conference in 1856. (F) But he failed to win support for his plans to extend Piedmont's power at the expense of Austria or the central Italian duchies.

  2. What Effect Did World War II have on Eastern Europe?

    Serfs, or peasants tied to the land, worked on the lands of boyars. They agricultural yields were low due to the serf's use of the same technology for hundreds of years. Serfdom was abolished between 1861 and 1892 in different regions of the Russian empire, but the peasants continued to struggle economically even after they gained their freedom42.

  1. Unification of Italy

    These were the first successes of the revolutionaries. There were different factors that inspired the revolutionaries in 1848. First of all the writings, cultural changes and the ideas of Mazzini had encouraged many young people to take action. Idealist like Mazzini and Charles Albert had spread though the people the idea of a united Italy.

  2. Internal Assessment: Camp David and Oslo Accords

    As supported by Dore Gold, the President of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, the summit failed in addressing the different views of the two sides over Jerusalem.10Mahmoud Abbas, the current chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, also supported the idea that Camp David was unable to settlement the opposition between the Palestinians and Israelis.

  1. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Political failures undermined PG?s power and authority thus creating the circumstances for Lenin?s rise to power. 2. PG?s nature, it had not been elected by the people and saw itself as a temporary body, this meant it was indecisive on big issues (land, war, etc).

  2. Extended Essay - The Role of a UN-Secretary General to Achieve World Peace: The ...

    The New York Times praised his achievement in its article: ?Thant Bids U.S. and Russia Desists 2 Weeks.?[14] Ambassador Stevenson expressed his admiration for U Thant?s accomplishment by claiming that it was ?the indispensable first step in the peaceful resolution of the Cuba crisis.?[15] 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work