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World War One; A Limited & Total War

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Introduction

´╗┐Word Count: 850 World War One Paper 2 Briana Dick 21May12 Mod 1A World War I was both a limited war and total war, but, most of the information given and used to back up this statement, indicates that World War I was majorly a total war dealing with three different aspects of our lives: the economy, social standards, and political issues. At the start of the war in Great Britain, the government takes charge of the War Policy, which is still considered limited war at this point (Packet). When war was declared in August of 1914, many men thought of war as something to honor their country by, so when the government asked for at least 100,000 men to volunteer being a soldier (Packet). So many men volunteered for those positions, there ended up being around 750,000 volunteer soldiers (Packet). At this time, the war was still limited due to lack of Government interference, but, once word got out about how bad the war conditions were, there was a lot less men who volunteered to serve (Packet). ...read more.

Middle

A good many of the factories, more specifically 218 factories, were government claimed and run by the end of the war (Packet). The factories hours were extended, some up to about 18 hours or more, making the accident rate go up tremendously considering there were about 1500 Civilian casualties due to munitions accidents (Packet). This also proves that the government gained power throughout the war, causing World War I to be mostly a total war, not a limited war. The social standards were turned upside down due to the men being drafted into the war. Since they were not there to help the women maintain the traditional image of the man providing for his wife and kids, the women have to take his place and provide for their kids and themselves (Packet). Since the women have to take the men?s places in the munitions factories and cannot stay home with their children any more, people have to build day cares and nurseries for the children, which also provides more jobs (Packet). ...read more.

Conclusion

DORA (The Defense of the Realm Consolidation Act) had many laws restricting people from writing letters to their family and friends in invisible ink to not being allowed to spread rumors (Packet). All the laws passed in addition to DORA was to preserve the war image, but costed the civilians their individual rights, making this another example for World War I to be considered a total war. Granted, World War I at the very beginning was a limited war due to the lack of government involvement in the economy, lack of laws being altered, changed or added, and the impact at home was at most pride to serve. But as the war effort continues to drag on, so many aspects of everyday life changes, and makes people change their lifestyles ? and even traditions. Women go to work in the munitions factories, men are drafted in the war, and laws are passed that limit people?s rights by the government. Considering that the government involvement in World War I was extreme, World War I is considered a mostly total war, not limited. ...read more.

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