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WW2 historical investigation. To assess the degree to which intelligence lead to the victory in the Atlantic, the investigation focuses on the Ultras role in the Battle of the Atlantic, and the events leading to the elimination of the U-boat peril.

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Introduction

Operation Ultra and The Battle of the Atlantic. Connection: To what extent did Operation Ultra contribute to allied victory in the Battle of the Atlantic? Word count: 1964 Student: Alehsan Petersen Class: IB08 Table of Contents Table of contents......................................................................................2 A. Plan of the Investigation.........................................................................3 B. Summary of Evidence...........................................................................3 C. Evaluation of Sources...........................................................................5 D. Analysis...........................................................................................6 E. Conclusion........................................................................................7 F. List of sources....................................................................................9 A. Plan of investigation To what extent did operation Ultra contribute to allied victory in the Battle of the Atlantic? To assess the degree to which intelligence lead to the victory in the Atlantic, the investigation focuses on the Ultras role in the Battle of the Atlantic, and the events leading to the elimination of the U-boat peril. The intelligence obtained and the connection to military operations leading to the victory in the Atlantic is explored. The investigation specifically focuses on Intelligence that lead to the defeat of U-boats, other naval encounters are not considered, ever since they played a very limited and minor role in the Battle of the Atlantic. Furthermore, intelligence that is not directly linked to the Battle of the Atlantic is not assessed in this investigation. The method was to evaluate sources related to the battle of the Atlantic. Two sources were selected for evaluation, Seizing The Enigma the race to break the German U-boat codes, 1939-1943 by David Kahn and Battle at Sea Man-Of-War to Submarines by John Keegan are evaluated for their origins, purpose, values, and limitations. ...read more.

Middle

Its purpose is to analyse and describe the successes, failures and values of Allied code breaking. David Kahn holds a D. Phil. in modern history from the University of Oxford and is currently an editor at Newsday. 1 Given that he is a journalist he lives from his Writings and is not funded by any organization, this is reflected throughout the book since Kahn attempts to add tension to the history of code breaking by accounting for it in a narrative form. This causes a certain amount of bias within the book when referring to the importance of Ultra. The values of the book are the in-depth look at operation Ultra and the history of seizing the German intelligence with a great expertise. Furthermore, Kahn gives an analysis of the importance of individual and character in converting Intelligence into effective operations. While Seizing the Enigma is focused only on intelligence and its effects in the Atlantic, John Keegan's Battle at Sea from Man-Of-War to Submarine published in 2004 is purposed to provide a broad, comprehensive overview of naval ware faring in modern times. John Keegan is Defense editor of the Daily Telegraph and has lectured at many Universities throughout the years. 2 Considering his profession and his British Origins one can say that the Keegan may bias his discussion when accounting for the British role in the Battle. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, the Germans were unprepared for a war with Britain and with the entrance of America their industrial capacity was outstripped. Therefore, it can be said that that Ultra contributed to Allied victory but only to a limited extent. Although, the offensive implications of Ultra were highly valuable to the allies, and the cracking of Enigma certainly aided the defence of the convoys, the vast industrial capacity of America and the superiority of the allied fleet also were significant for the allied success. It can not be said that Ultra won the battle of the Atlantic, although it was highly relevant to operations at sea, there were many other factors leading to the victory in the Atlantic. 1. Williamson p.77 2. Ratcliff p.3 F. List of sources Flaherty, Thomas H. Krig till sj�ss Amsterdam: Time life books, 1992 Central office of Information The Battle of the Atlantic London: H.M stationary office, 1946 Pitt, Barrie Slaget om Atlanten Amsterdam: Time Life books, 1981 Kahn, David Seizing the Enigma the race to break German U-boat codes, 1939-1943 London: Arrow books, 1996. Keegan, John Battle at Sea from Man-Of-War to Submarine London: Pimlico military classics, 2004 Lewin, Ronald Ultra goes to war the secret story London: Hutchinson & Co. , 1978 Ratcliff, R.A. Delusions of intelligence Enigma, Ultra, and the end of Secure Ciphers Cambridge: Cambridge University press, 2006 Showell, J.P Mallmann Enigma U-boats Surrey: Ian Allen publishing, 2000 Williamson, Gordon U-boats vs. Destroyer Escorts The Battle of the Atlantic Oxford: Osprey publishing, 2007. ...read more.

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