• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

WWI. The Effect of Total War on Britain

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐History Essay: Using an example of one 20th Century war of your choice. Examine the impact of total war on one country that you have studied. Unfortunately, the 20th century was a time period loaded with many horrific conflicts of which many were actual wars. There are a few different types of wars that can take place: limited, civil war, guerrilla warfare and total war. Here, it is the last and probably most horrific type of warfare that we will look at, total war. The 20th century is sometimes referred to as the Age of Total War as there were two notable total wars that happened in the last centennial, the First and Second World Wars. The definition of a total war varies from source to source, but the general explanation would be: ?a total war is a war fought on all fronts. It has full support of the country and everyone is involved helping towards the war effort. It also means that a country uses all its human, economic and military resources to fight the war and ensure complete victory over the enemy. The government controls the market, the communication/media, and the economy in order to maintain civilian morale and also to ensure that the population sees the enemy as one that must be defeated at all costs. ...read more.

Middle

Britain would later go on to become the main country in the League of Nations. Also, people who would rise to fame a little later like Winston Churchill were to make their first appearances and gain the people?s respect. In the time of total war, a country?s economy usually over goes major changes, mainly negative. It is said that Britain spent roughly 20% of its wealth during the war. It had to sell off most of its colonies that were their main sources of importation. Britain also saw its National Debt rise from 650 to 7000 million pounds. It had to borrow very large sums of money from both the United States and Russia. Taxation was increased by a rather large amount. Britain?s exportation challenge continued after the War as countries were now more self-sufficient or imported food from other cheaper locations. In addition, after the war, the many people that had been forced into war related jobs were now jobless so the unemployment scale shot up. Anyway, the biggest economic challenge the United Kingdom had to face during the war was the lack of food. In 1916, Germany started using their U-boats to sink the Allied food supply ships going to Britain in order to make them surrender. This technique was rather successful and therefore rationing was introduced. ...read more.

Conclusion

It resembled its original sketches drawn by Leonardo da Vinci more than the steel powerhouse we have today. However, this invention was proved to be very unreliable especially because of the trench warfare. Two other horrific inventions would be the flamethrower and the use of gas. These were developed by the Germans to make extermination much more efficient and succinct. The new creation that had a real impact on the war itself was the submarine or U-boat. Both the Allies and the Germans possessed quite a few of these and used them to cut of the food supplies or sink ships transporting people. Later on, the expansion of air vehicles started with the building of new safer and more precise aircrafts. The First World War is arguably a transition period between the old 18th century weaponry and the more modern technology. Britain was undoubtedly greatly affected by World War One on the political, economical, social and technological sides. New leaders were brought into power and brought with them new ideas. Though, Britain?s economy was not very bright as they saw their National Debt grow out of hand. Famine came to the United Kingdom and new measures had to be put in place. Conscription was brought in, women were given men?s jobs and the press gained free speech. Technology and science reached new peaks. Weaponry had to adjust to the rapidly changing style of warfare. In short, WW1 was a time of great change both good and bad and on many fronts for Britain. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. Was World War One a Total War?

    DORA (Defence of Realism Act) was created now that women were into labour, and the ministry of munitions allowed people to make more weapons, thus new employment began because new weapons needed industry. More work was needed to supply food and ammunition for the army.

  2. WW2 as a total war

    In 1942, Germany finally increased its armament production, yet it still did not reach its peak until 1944. Germany was under-moblized. Economically however, consumption in Germany was high which aided the effects of bombing on the nation. Overall Hitler believed that "the economy was something of secondary importance," proving his

  1. Great Depression and effect on Britain

    The depression caused rates of unemployment in Britain to rise dramatically, the amount of unemployment had a big impact of the social health of British people. By the early 1930's extreme poverty had become common, 12% of the country's population was surrounded by it, this had adverse effects on standards

  2. Italian Unification Revision Notes. Italian Politics in 1815

    In the nick of time, Austria came to Piedmont's rescue. Emperor Francis Joseph, determined to humiliate Piedmont and to demonstrate that she had given way to Austria and not to the other foreign powers. Issued an ultimatum, which was rejected.

  1. WWI - Total War essay

    Slightly bloody battles were fought in the Middle East, where the Ottoman Empire was flourishing alongside with Germans - the battles of Gallipoli in 1915 where very important and full of casualties. Significant battles also took part in the Oceania and Pacific, where Allies fought roughly against German colonies.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Mostly, other troops melted away as the Red Guards arrived. Next day they seized more key places like the State Bank but things (factories, trams, stores) went on as usual. 3. Many assumed the Bolsheviks would be crushed as soon as Kerensky arrived with troops, but Kerensky had fled in a car borrowed from the American Embassy.

  1. 20th Century History Revision Notes

    Evacuation of Dunkirk -1940: Germany invaded France and were surrendered around to Dunkirk beach, trapped 300 000 soldiers. -British and Canadian troops helped trapped soldiers in boats. -Allies had to leave heavy war equipment; destroyed it so Germans couldn?t use it.

  2. Notes on the History and Development of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

    Suez War: - Nasser pursued policies deliberately aimed at hurting Israel's position: o Nasser refuses to allow Israeli or Israeli-bound ships to use the Suez Canal o Closed the straits of Tiran thus cutting off the Israeli port of Eilat o Israeli ships were attacked from Sharm el Sheikh -

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work