• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Yalta and Potsdam Conferences

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Yalta and Potsdam Conferences Yalta Conference 1. Why Did Roosevelt and Churchill agree to allow the Soviet-sponsored Provisional Government to continue in power in Poland? Roosevelt was anxious to secure Soviet cooperation in the Pacific War against Japan, and was thus willing to concede Russian dominance in Poland. 2. Why did they want it reorganized to include democratic leaders and committed to "free and unfettered" elections? With a democratic institution with "free and unfettered" elections, Poland would become a legitimate democratic nation. Since the Soviet Union was communist and therefore not aligned with this form of government, it would enable Poland to stand in the way of Soviet foreign policy in Poland and also in the greater Eastern Europe, and this would also be instrumental in allowing Britain and the US to legitimately establish diplomatic relations with Poland. 3. What factors would make it possible for the Soviets to establish communist control in Poland, despite these provisions? Wording in the document such as: "the Polish Provisional Government of National Unity shall be pledged to the holding of free and unfettered elections as soon as possible" enables the Soviets to control Poland until the time for democracy is necessary. ...read more.

Middle

Despite differences, the Allied leaders worked together to settle territorial disputes, issues of ethnic transfers, reparations and payments due from Germany, and other such issues. Neither side would have liked the other to determine the outcome of post-war Europe, and so worked closely together to guarantee a compromise agreement that everyone could work towards. 2. Who was assigned supreme authority in occupied Germany? Why was this done? The Commanders-in-Chief of the armed forces of the United States, United Kingdom, USSR, and the French Republic. 3. Why were the Soviets so interested in receiving industrial reparations from defeated Germany? The Soviets wanted to ensure that Germany could never be able to muster the strength to ever oppose the USSR in any way. Germany's impressive economy was what allowed Germany to fight such a calamitous war. Reparations was a way of ensuring that Germany's industry and war-capacity would be kept minimal, if not completely annulled, and therefore would secure the USSR's western borders. 4. Why did the Americans insist that the USSR could take reparations only from the Soviet-occupied zone, and not from the rest of Germany? ...read more.

Conclusion

It was also a way of making sure there would be no future border disputes. 7. In what ways did the Potsdam agreements set the stage for the future division of Europe into Eastern and Western Blocs? The agreements reached at Potsdam would eventually divide Europe into what Churchill later infamously labeled: "The Iron Curtain." First of all, the different zones which Germany was divided into for the purpose of extracting reparations would later come to divide the nation into East and West Germany. Moreover, Stalin never kept his promise to provide "free and unfettered" elections in Poland and in instituting a democratic government in Poland as had been agreed upon at the Yalta Conference several months earlier. Most of Eastern Europe gradually came to be dominated by Soviet-controlled pro-communist puppet governments as the Soviet Union was granted an influential sphere of dominance in Eastern Europe after the Potsdam Conference. The Allied Powers recognized the new pro-communist Polish regime, effectively rendering the previous Polish government-in-exile in London obsolete. In doing so, it solidified the USSR's claim in Eastern Europe. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate History section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate History essays

  1. The Role Played by the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences in the Origin of the ...

    Potsdam can however not be regarded the same success as Yalta. Many of the agreements made at Yalta were again discussed and this time they were not able to reach a decision. They allies could not reach an agreement on how to control Germany and the different occupation zones was now a permanent solution.

  2. The cold war - the conferences and the start of the cCold War

    of Churchill The Potsdam Conference - Introduction: by the time of the Potsdam Conference, which began July 7, 1945, the war in Europe had ended and Hitler had been defeated. British and American troops had met Soviet troops along agreed demarcation lines in April 1945.

  1. To what extent did the Prague spring weaken Moscow(TM)s hold over Czechoslovakia, and Eastern ...

    This lead to the conception of the Truman doctrine, which in turn caused the USSR to react in a rather hostile manner. From here on the Cold War became a series of "instigation-reaction" events not specific to just America, and the USSR.

  2. The North, The South, and Slavery

    First generation settlers (1850s) arrived with modest resources and struggled for many years to develop a plantation on what was a rugged frontier, and only recently been able to live in comfort iii. Large areas of Old South had been cultivated for less than 2 decades at Civil War iv.

  1. Turning points in WW2

    Russians, and based on the initial performance of Germany, it is almost certain they would of crushed Russia. D-Day (Operation Overlord) * Europe was occupied by the Germans, their troops were concentrated on taking over Russia, so most of the troops were stationed there.

  2. IB History HL, Extended Notes: Russia, the Tsars, the Provisional Govenment and the Revolution.

    Determination not to be left out of Europe?s colonial scramble Russia had shown long-term interest in expansion to the East through the building of the Trans-Siberian railway 1891 and railways across Manchuria 1897. 2. Friction with Japan especially after the 25 year lease of Port Arthur 1898.

  1. Technological Developments Made During WW2

    Herman Goring, the leader of the Luftwaffe, was dismissive of British radar and it cost Germany dearly in the Battle of Britain. Radar developments during the war not only helped defeat the Axis powers, but also revolutionised society. The breakthrough in microwaves during the war pioneered the creation of the

  2. The Potsdam Conference marked the end of the wartime alliance and laid the foundations ...

    There was also genuine compromise between the leaders and all strived to work together in order for a better post-war situation. This was all to end at Potsdam. With no common enemy and the replacement of Churchill and Roosevelt by Atlee and Truman made the diplomatic relations a little more tense.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work