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Comparison and contrast on the narrative point of view in metamorphosis and chronicles of a death foretold

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Introduction

Comparison and contrast on the narrative point of view in metamorphosis and chronicles of a death foretold In metamorphosis Franz Kafka uses a narrative point of view called third person omniscient, where it is mostly limited since only his thoughts and feelings are presented, however on the other hand in the chronicles of a death foretold Garc�a M�rquez relates the plot of a murder about which everyone knows before it happens through the use of a narrator who tells the story in the first person, as a witness to the events that have occurred 27 years earlier, Yet the narrator is recounting the tale years later from an omniscient point of view, sharing all of the characters' thoughts. I intend to compare and contrast both narrative point of views in both metamorphosis and chronicle of a death foretold, through affirming the techniques that are used to clarify this point of view such as diction, the use of black comedy, the use of irony etc. One of the properties of first person narration is that the narrator may be a character who tells the story as he/she sees it. The fact that a first person narrator tells the story from his/her point of view, in most cases tends to make the narrator unreliable and therefore unbelievable or doubtful for example in the chronicles of a death foretold the narrator states that Santiago Nasar is innocent this shows that the narrator is biased and unreliable. ...read more.

Middle

Another example of this can be found on pages 119-120 when Gregor's room is described as "cosy" and "comfortably furnished with old heirlooms". Another example of the third person narrator's description of the surroundings is when the narrator describes the view from Gregor's window as being "melancholy" and quite depressing (through the mention of raindrops and the weather) on page 87. These descriptions all help the reader in understanding Gregor's pain, suffering and helplessness towards the situation. One of the most outstanding features of Chronicle of a Death Foretold is the point of view Garcia Marquez uses to tell the story. Narrating the story from the first-person point of view is the unnamed son of Luisa Santiago, having returned to the river village after being gone for twenty-seven years, the narrator tries to reconstruct the events of the day that ends in the murder of Santiago Nasar. In this novel, however, Garcia Marquez makes the narrator telling the story credible towards the end to give the effect of confusion. The reader is confused about whether the narrator is reliable or not. Even though the narrator isn't the main character in the text he plays and important roll in the novel as well as in the investigation. The fact that he cannot enter other characters consciousness also complements the fact that first person narrators are unreliable and unbelievable. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another technique of clarifying narrative point of view used by M�rquez is the use of quotations persistently throughout the text. The word "liberating" on page 107 in metamorphosis, as well as the line "Gregor waited in vain" reflect Gregor's inner thoughts as the omniscient narrator reveals them, this suggests that the narrator is objective and that the narrator is omniscient. In metamorphosis the point of view shifts as the corpse of Gregor Samsa is discovered, this shift in the point of view convinces the reader that the Samsa's had been relieved from an enormous burden. The removal of the "burden" off the Samsa family helps them in planning for the future as if Gregor never existed. This gives the reader the impression that the Samsa's are cruel and wicked and it also creates a feeling of pity for Gregor. In conclusion I strongly believe that point of view is very important in Chronicles of a death foretold as well as in metamorphosis. I believe that both writers were successful in their choices of narrative point of view. If I was to describe the narrative point of view in chronicles of a death foretold in one word then it is "fatalistic", however if I was to describe the narrative point of view in metamorphosis in one word it would be "accommodative". By David Kopti Word count: 1429 words ...read more.

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