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Double Entry Journal - Brave New World

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Passage Response The machine turns, turns and must keep on turning-forever. It is death if it stands still. A thousand millions scrabbled the crust of the earth. The wheels began to turn. In a hundred and fifty years there were two thousand millions. Stop all the wheels. In a hundred and fifty weeks there are once more only a thousand millions; a thousand thousand thousand men and women have starved to death. Wheels must turn steadily, but cannot turn untended. There must be men to tend them, men as steady as the wheels upon their axles, sane men, obedient men, stable in contentment. Crying: My baby, my mother, my only, only love; groaning: My sin, my terrible God; screaming with pain, muttering with fever, bemoaning old age and poverty-how can they tend the wheels? And if they cannot tend the wheels...The corpses of a thousand thousand thousand men and women would be hard to bury or burn. ...read more.


This diction of using distinct words emphasizes the necessity of machines and implies that the result of stopping the machines would be very negative, perhaps a disaster. In the following sentence, 'it is death if it stands still,' a metaphor is seen. The 'death' mentioned in this sentence refers to the death of the World State's people, showing the significance of the machines by stating the consequence of stopping them. The purpose of using a metaphor instead of a simile may be to highlight the importance of the machines in a more direct and explicit way. By starting this passage with the solid information about the relationship between machines and the people of the World State, the author endeavors to depict the crucial rule of machines that they must keep on turning to avoid what might happen if they don't. The idea that the people of World State are highly dependent on the machines is suggested through the following sentences. ...read more.


For instance in the sentence, 'Crying: my baby, my mother, my only, only love,' the words after the colon, 'my baby, my mother, only love,' are what do not exist in the World State. This sentence is followed by the phrases, 'groaning: My sin, my terrible God,' mentioning 'God' which is another factor the World State had given up. Then, words such as 'screaming', 'muttering' and 'bemoaning' are used to form a desperate voice in explaining how these emotions and practices of the past interfere the people from tending the wheels. The people of World State had chosen stability, which is gained through the consistent turning of machines, over having ordinary families and eternal love. And by repeating the word 'my', the author maximizes the contradiction between the two concepts of 'everyone belongs to everyone' and 'one can only have one eternal love and family'. Point 1: necessity of machine Point 2: people's dependency on machines, how their survival is related to them Point 3: how people had to abandon old customs of religion and ordinary family ?? ?? ?? ?? IB English A2 HL Jenny Kim ...read more.

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