• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

English - Ode on Melancholy

Extracts from this document...


Ode on Melancholy Analysis 'Ode on Melancholy', written John Keats, is a didactic poem full of instructions on Melancholy. Keats expresses his elevation of nature and imagination as a romanticist with the use of botanical metaphors, mythological allusions and various other techniques in order to portray different meanings and themes throughout his poem, and to ultimately inform the reader that Melancholy is inevitable and only a wise man will realise this. The first theme that John Keats addresses is what not to do, with his instruction not to elevate Melancholy, depression or death. This is emphasised much throughout the first stanza of the poem and Keats highlights this idea in the first line saying, 'No, no, go not to Lethe, neither twist Wolf's-bane, tight-rooted, for its poisonous wine'. The assonance in this line stresses his command and imperative voice. The repetition in that statement further accentuates his imperative voice in ordering the reader not to go towards death and not to try and suicide through poisonous herbs such as Wolfs-bane. Keats elaborately describes the notion of suicide and death through mythological allusions, Catholic references, metaphors, symbolism and personification. ...read more.


In juxtaposition to the first theme, the second theme is what to do instead, when you are affected by Melancholy. Keats uses a variety of techniques such as metaphors, alliteration, personification and similes to indicate his ideas. He indicates that he focuses on Melancholy in the line 'But when the melancholy fit shall fall sudden from heaven like a weeping cloud'. The alliteration of 'fit shall fall' brings attention to the idea of Melancholy falling upon someone like a weeping cloud. The personification of a cloud 'weeping' represents the idea of sadness and depression. John lists four possible options of escaping from Melancholy in the next few lines. He relies on the audiences' knowledge on pathetic fallacies to understand them. An example of one of the pathetic fallacies is 'then glut thy sorrow on a morning rose'. A morning rose is a name for beautiful and colourful roses and therefore Keats wants the reader to indulge and overcome their sorrows on the beauty of nature. A further example of a pathetic fallacy is 'or on the wealth of globed peonies'. ...read more.


Keats also supports the argument that victory of Melancholy over everything is inevitable, through the statement 'in the very temple of Delight veil'd Melancholy has her Sovran shrine'. This means that Melancholy is a dominant figure in happiness, and will always be there even in happiness. Finally John Keats ends the poem with 'Though seen of none save him whose strenuous tongue can burst Joy's grape against his palate fine; His soul shall taste the sadness of her might, and be among her cloudy trophies hung.' This declaration presented by Keats implies that the goddess melancholy is revealed to the man of extreme romantic sensitivity, who understands the sadness of fading beauty and fleeting happiness. Only a sensitive and wise man with a 'strenuous tongue' will know he will eventually be a victim of Melancholy and wisdom comes from realising that joy can stop at any moment and Melancholy is inevitable. John Keats extensively uses decorative language full of metaphors and mythological allusions to dictate an instruction, warning as well as wisdom through this light-hearted poetry. However, this depressing poem ends with the disheartening concept that wisdom comes from knowing that Melancholy will eventually prevail over all and none can escape her grasp. ?? ?? ?? ?? Matthew Chua ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. Why is English the global language and not some other?

    Further British settlements followed in the 1840s and 1850s especially in Natal, and there was a massive influx of Europeans following the development of the gold and diamond areas in the Witwatersrand in the 1870s. Nearly half a million immigrants, many of them English-speaking, arrived in the country during the last quarter of the 19th century.

  2. Ode on Melancholy

    The motif of death and mourning persists in the speaker advising not to 'let the beetle...be' (L.6.), as beetles are known for their association with coffins and are an Egyptian death emblem. The following juxtaposition of images, the speaker compares 'the death-moth' (L.6.)

  1. Commentary on Sonnet "Bright Star" by John Keats

    In the following lines, the alliteration in "still stedfast, still" and "soft fall and swell" make the tone soothing and comfortable. In line 13, the repetition of "still" and the alliteration of "hear her" and "tender-taken" tends to force the reader to say the whole line in one breath, so

  2. Ode on Melancholy Analysis

    Keats uses personification in this poem. "Sudden from heaven like a weeping cloud." And, "Veiled melancholy has her sovran shrine." These two examples use personification to exaggerate the feelings being expressed and to help explain Keats' thoughts. To help explain joys and melancholy's interactions Keats personifies joy to be a male and melancholy to be female.

  1. Ode on Melancholy

    This is the solution to the problem of melancholy - this is how one should treat their melancholy. Thus, the poet's point of view on the issue of melancholies, based on a balance of emotions, helps evoke a mood of equilibrium.

  2. History research - Early Australian bushrangers. English writing -my region and favourite authors.

    S. Breeden and B. Wright, Kakadu, Looking After the Country - the Gagadju Way The Rainbow Serpent John Mawurndjul, Njalyod - the rainbow serpent, 1985, natural pigments on bark. (c) John Mawurndjul. Licensed by VISCOPY, Australia, 2007. The serpent as a Creation Being is perhaps the oldest continuing religious belief in the world, dating back several thousands of years.

  1. Contemplating happiness elsewhere

    "No blooming fear of that, my boy. I'm going to have my fling first and see a bit of life and the world before I put my head in the sack-if I ever do." Symbolization is used to outline the characteristics of each character and the relevance those have to their lifestyles and their personalities.

  2. Vietnamese Poetry and Language

    Ta�p truye�n chia la�m hai pha�n. Pha�n I go�m 22 truye�n nga�n. Pha�n II co� 6 truye�n, la� mo�t loa�i pho�ng ta�c, la�m m�i la�i va� �a ra mo�t ca�i nh�n m�i ve� nh��ng huye�n tho�ai da�n gian, l�ch s��, gia� t��ng t�� Tr��ng Chi-M� n��ng, L�u Tha�n-Nguye�n Trie�u, Ha�u Nghe�, �e�n T�� Ha�i, Tro�ng Thu�y-M� cha�u...

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work