• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Heart of Darkness 1

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Passage #4 Intro - Identification: This passage was taken from part 1 of the Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad. In this excerpt, Marlow describes the impoverished surroundings with abandoned equipment and notices a group of black prisoners under the supervision of a uniformed black man. - Thesis Through the use of extensive imagery, symbolism and juxtaposition, Conrad creates a dark and foreboding atmosphere of imprisonment and slavery. Body 1 - IMAGERY: dark imagery describing impoverished conditions of both land and the men which contributes to creating a dark and foreboding atmosphere - "rocky cliff...turned-up earth...waste of excavations", "inhabited devastation" - description of unwelcoming surroundings sets the atmosphere - "...looked as dead as the carcass of some animal", "decaying machinery", "rusty nails" - ...read more.

Middle

- simile, relating the black rags to tails, perhaps relating the prisoners to animals - "joints of their limbs were like knots in a rope", "rhythmically clinking" - simile, relating limbs to knots to emphasizes the poor condition they're in - "I could see every rib", "meagre breasts panted...violently dilated nostrils quivered...eyes stared stonily", "deathlike indifference" - detailed depiction of the prisoners emphasizes their impoverished state, evokes sympathy in readers Body 2 - SYMBOLISM: references to the prisoners' captive state, position of being under the control of the uniformed man adds to the atmosphere of imprisonment - "decaying machinery, a stack of rusty nails" - symbolises the poor condition in which the prisoners are in - "moved about like ants" - relating the people ...read more.

Conclusion

white, rascally grin" - contrast in the quality of their attire, their mood - the prisoners have a deathlike indifference, implying that they've given up or lost hope while the guard grins - the prisoners are passive, moving in the same manner ("the clink kept time with their footsteps") while the guard is more active with unplanned movements ("hoisted his weapon to his shoulder with alacrity...speedily reassured...glance at his charge...seemed to take me into partnership in his exalted trust") Conclusion - In this passage, the detailed imagery of the dying surroundings and the impoverished men, symbolism of the prisoners' powerlessness and the juxtaposition between the guard and the men effectively contributes to present a gloomy atmosphere to the readers and evokes sympathy from them. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. An Analysis of Kurtz's Death Scene in Heart of Darkness

    Eventually, Kurtz begins to show remorse for his misdeeds in teh African wild when he says "close the shutter, I can't bear to look at this," which makes readers feel sorry for him.

  2. Fasting Feasting by Anita Desai Detailed Study Notes

    Fasting, Feasting Extract Close Analysis Chapter Six Pages 66 - 72 In this section of the novel, the author of Fasting, Feasting, Anita Desai, illustrates the cultural expectations of women in India. Through the main themes - marriage and society, Desai shows India's middle class values and how such expectations

  1. In what ways do obsessions or fixations affect writers, speakers or characters in Heart ...

    His fixation on obtaining more and more ivory had led him to become a free agent, applying whatever rules he saw fit. The skulls on sticks outside his cabin were an act of complete savagery to both the Africans and the Europeans, but both still respected Kurtz's character and admired his resolve.

  2. Heart of Darkness 4

    Time takes on a distorted reality. As the passage begins with the blurring of "nineteen hundred years ago" and "the other day", an overall sense of ambiguity of time is given to the passage.

  1. Characteristics in the Heart of the Matter

    So in order to fulfill her desire and rescue her from this pathetic place, Scobie strikes a deal with Yusuf to raise the money to pay for his wife's passage, which leads to Scobie's corruption after many years of honest service.

  2. Women as figurative images in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness

    seemed to look at her, pensive, as though it had been looking at the image of its own tenebrous and passionate soul"6.

  1. Heart of Darkness 3

    awed admiration for the ability of the helmsman to withstand such a painful death while the European bystanders appears to have a negative reaction, although he himself is unharmed. * "We two whites stood over him" o However, the remark regarding their positions reinforces the general view of Europeans being "higher" and "more civilized" than the natives.

  2. Heart of darkness & Apocalypse

    This scene brings the question of who are the real savages, the Africans or the Europeans. The outer appearance of the Europeans may look civilized covered with clothes, money, and status. However, their hearts are dark with hypocrisy and cruelty.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work