• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  23. 23
    23
  24. 24
    24
  25. 25
    25
  26. 26
    26
  27. 27
    27
  28. 28
    28
  29. 29
    29
  30. 30
    30
  31. 31
    31
  32. 32
    32

History research - Early Australian bushrangers. English writing -my region and favourite authors.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Early Australian bushrangers / ????????????? ??????????? ? ?????? ????? McFarlane & Erskine, Gold escort attacked by bushrangers, 187-, print: lithograph. Image courtesy of the National Library of Australia: nla.pic-an8420450. Bushranging - living off the land and being supported by or stealing from free settlers - was either chosen as a preferred way of life by escaped convicts or was a result of the lack of supplies in the early settlements. Australia's bushranging period spanned nearly 100 years, from the first convict bushrangers active from 1790 to the 1860s, through the outlawed bushrangers of the 1860s and 1870s who were able to be shot on sight, to the shooting of the Kelly Gang in 1880. While many bushrangers had populist reputations for being 'Robin Hood' figures; some bushrangers were brutal and others harassed the gold escorts and diggers returning from the goldfields. The popularity of bushrangers and their ethos of 'fight before surrender' was commemorated in bush songs and folklore. Escaped convicts Bushranging began soon after the British colonisation of Australia. The bush surrounding the settlement was unexplored, but this did not deter the desperate convicts from escaping - happy in their aim to make their way to Batavia (now the city of Jakarta on the island of Java, Indonesia ) or China. While some perished, others joined up with Indigenous people and others took to bushranging. In the early days of Van Dieman's Land (now Tasmania) the settlement was faced with starvation due to the failure of supply ships to arrive. In 1805, authorities released several convicts, gave them arms and sent them into the bush to survive from hunting. Many learnt to survive and joined others. In the early days, a man could also choose to give himself in, receive the mandatory 50 lashes and be back in the system to serve the rest of his time. Later, bushrangers usually suffered the death penalty after capture. ...read more.

Middle

Tracker Riley, as he was known, received the King's Medal in 1942 for his work on a serial killing case. His son, Michael Riley, made a documentary called Black Tracker, which tells Tracker Riley's life story. Famous Aboriginal trackers - yesterday and today Neighbour, from Parliamentary Papers 1914. Courtesy of Australasian Legal Information Institute. The first Aboriginal man to receive the Albert Medal for Bravery (the highest award possible for police officers) was a man known as Neighbour, who was awarded the medal for rescuing a police officer from the flooding Wilton river, in the Roper River area of the Northern Territory in south-east Arnhem Land in 1911. Neighbour rescued the policeman, who was clinging precariously to some pandanus palms in the middle of the fast-flowing water, whilst wearing heavy chains around his neck. Neighbour went on to work as a tracker with the Northern Territory Police. Until 1900, many Aboriginal men and some women worked as police trackers, often on a casual basis or sometimes for longer stints. Often they were only paid a few shillings with rations supplied to their families. Trackers were employed full-time by the Northern Territory police until the late 1980s when they began to be phased out. Northern Territory artist Long Tom Tjapanangka worked both as a stockhand and police tracker for years before commencing his artistic career. Yuendumu man Teddy Egan is probably the best known tracker in Australia today. In 1967, he assisted in the capture of an escaped murder suspect after two police officers were wounded in the pursuit. In 2000, he helped Northern Territory police to recapture an escaped prisoner. Egan says that tracking humans is much easier than tracking animals, because 'people make too much mess.' He was also one of four trackers used by Barrow Creek police to try to find missing English tourist Peter Falconio. The Australian police still occasionally call on the services of Aboriginal trackers, particularly in Western Australia, Queensland and the Northern Territory. ...read more.

Conclusion

About myself / ? ???? I have many hobbies because there are many interesting things to do. Unfortunately I don't have much spare time as I'm going to be a student. That's why I have to study a lot. I like doing different things: Such as reading detective stories, listening to the music, playing tennis with my classmates. But my favorite hobby is solving crossword puzzles. It's not only interesting, but also very useful. When you try to solve the puzzle you find out and learn a lot of different facts. Because in puzzles there are questions about famous people, geographical places, countries, scientific achievements and so on. You also train your brain. The crosswords are published in newspapers and magazines and there are special newspapers that contain only crosswords. I sometimes try to make up my own puzzle and I can say that it is not less interesting. All the members of our family like to take part in solving the puzzles and this unites us very much. ________________________________________ Many people have hobbies. They make our life more interesting. A hobby is what people like to do when they have free time. Everyone chooses a hobby according to his character and taste. Some people are fond of music, others like to read books. Some people like to collect stamps, coins or badges, others prefer gardening or hiking or taking photographs. Some people like to cook, others like to knitter sew. Generally speaking, a hobby is a matter of taste. My hobby is playing computer games. Both grown-ups and children are fond of it now. It has become one of the most popular hobbies nowadays. I think that playing with a computer is very interesting. It is not only "wasting time" as some people say. Computer games make us to think things over proper-ly, they widen and develop our mind and imagination. I have a good collection of different games and when I have some free time I play them with great pleasure. My favourite game is... Some of my friends have the same hobby and we like to play together. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. Compare and Contrast Characters and Presentation of Fiela Komoetie and Barta Van Rooyen

    She lives according to the rules of the forest, and does not bring money into the family although others work hard to earn money. In the first pages of the book Lukas Van Rooyen and Barta asks Elias: "have you seen Lukas?".

  2. antigone - divine law vs human law

    He also uses a lot of dynamic verbs, which highlights the violence of women and anarchy itself as they, "rip up houses." Creon then notes how we "must defend men who live by law," and uses fricative alliteration to emphasize how important he believes the role of human laws are

  1. MUN Position Paper-Over the last two years, India and its constituent states, Jammu Kashmir ...

    its irregularities have also been shown in the long time it took to recognize the inflation of Satyam Technologies' Account Books. Solutions � Legislation- The Jan Lokpal Bill should be passed to regulate corruption. The Prime Minister should be excluded from its ambit because doing so would take away from the already low political morale of the country.

  2. In Jane Harrisons play, Stolen, the characters of Ruby, Anne and Jimmy are utilised ...

    Harrison positions the audience to see that Ruby had to go through hard times as a child in the orphanage. In the scene 'UNSPOKEN ABUSE 1' (pg 8), Ruby has come back from a weekend away with a white family, the other children are curious and ask Ruby "What else did ya do?"

  1. Reading, Stealing, and Writing Like a Writer by Wendy Bishop, a successful writer, ...

    She also suggests we to keep a sentence book, a collection of good sentences. In that way, we can begin to imitate other successful writer's writing and "steal" their sentence style for our own use. Bishop also suggests that there are no particular rules for writing sentences.

  2. IB English - To Kill a Mockingbird (journal responses)

    It consisted of a historic school, several old houses, a restaurant completely made from wood, and so on. One of the students who came on the fieldtrip with us was quite rebellious. So while we entered the historic schoolhouse, there was a lady teacher, and since the rebellious student was

  1. Fasting Feasting by Anita Desai Detailed Study Notes

    Fasting and feasting are two extremes. Completely devoting to one or the other, either through food or religion or some other means leaves one unhappy and unsatisfied. Although the Lord is found in the end, Mira-masi is frail and in no way fulfilled.

  2. The Role of English in the 21st Century

    Why discuss economics with the English language? Because the English language is closely associated with this economic modernization and industrial development. Information is sent and received at increasing speed. The competitive demands of governments, industries, and corporations, both national and multinational, for technological progress require an understanding of the language of that technology English.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work