• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Iliad, Odyssey, and Metamorphoses - Hubris

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Hubris Iliad, Odyssey, and Metamorphoses Hubris was an immense factor in the Greek's lives, which is shown through mythology. Hubris is having excessive pride or superiority, the idea of being the best. When the Greek's thought as highli of themselves as the gods, they ran into many problems, and the gods promised them much misery to come. Hubris, over pride was often one of the main issues for mortals and heroes in Greek mythology. The Iliad, The Odyssey and The Metamorphoses are the three myths that will be used to represent this. An excellent example of hubris can be found in The Odyssey, which is fundamentally about the warrior Ulysses and his adventurous return to his homeland, Ithaca. The most vital instance in which Ulysses demonstrated hubris was while him and his men were trying to escape from the Cyclops, Polyphemus. Ulysses and his men first drugged the Cyclops and then stabbed its eye making it blind. While Ulysses' men all escaped from the cave to their boat, Ulysses started to yell at Polyphemus, because he was proud of beating the Cyclops. ...read more.

Middle

When Paris fights with Menelaus, Aphrodite snatches Paris away, and sets him down in his bedroom filled with scent. It's not Paris' fault that Aphrodite saves him from death. His fault comes from how he deals with being saved. Paris doesn't feel the need to go back to war right away, so he tells Helen, "but come, let's go to bed let's lose ourselves in love." Paris is blinded by his own hubris. His hubris denies him of the fact that his people are dying for his pleasures, which they themselves have given up. Paris is way past the point where he can eliminate himself of hubris. The only thing he cares about is himself, so a loss of something or someone dear to him wouldn't make him feel anything. Another example of hubris is during the battle between the Achaeans and the Trojans, Hector decided to wear Achilles' armour. By doing this act, it seems that Hector was trying to relate himself as the equal of the mighty Achilles. ...read more.

Conclusion

Athena was angry that Arachne would say such things, so she challenged Arachne to a weaving contest. Athena had woven a beautiful cloth showing the gods and goddesses sitting together in Mount Olympus and doing good deeds for mortals. Arachne, on the other hand, displayed more signs of hubris, when she had woven a cloth showing the gods and goddess getting drunk. When Athena saw it she was even angrier than she had been before. Arachne's cloth was clearly better than Athena's cloth, but Athena didn't care. Athena then directed a finger at Arachne and turned her into a spider. Overall, hubris over pride is often of the main issues for mortals and heroes in Greek mythology that causes them to get into large inconveniences. It doesn't matter how first-rate or capable you are in something, the gods will never accept you being the greatest, only second to best. If Polyphemus hadn't believed that because he is a giant, he is unbeatable by anyone, even a god. If Polyphemus hadn't let the men in the cave, he would have been alive, not stabbed in the eye. These are all key example of why hubris, arrogance should be avoided to not have wrath from the gods. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. Household Gods

    The last line in the poem allows the reader to grasp that it is the gods within these objects that are talking and not the objects themselves 'they Will never know their household gods are slain.' These gods within the household items make the reader question why they are speaking and also question what is happening to them.

  2. IOP - Pride & Prejudice

    I believe that Jane Austen is trying to give us a picture of Mr. Collins' ability to flatter and the actual reason behind Mr. Collins' speeches. I think that Mr. Collins speaks to satisfy/sweet-talk the people around him, but not to express what he actually feels.

  1. Articles of VN War

    C�n nhung ai c� ch�t b�nh t�m suy x�t, bi�t y�u l�y qu� huong kh�n kh� n�y, th� nhung th�ng tin m� t�i dua ra, se chi l� nhung x�c t�n. N� r�nh r�nh nhu 2+2 l� 4. Voi t�t ca luong t�m v� tr�ch nhiem cua t�i d�i voi nguoi d�n Mi�n Nam v� voi lich su.

  2. Zorba the Greek (log)

    This then shows that Boss is a reasonable man, like Apollon and does not let his romantic dreams fly and ruin him. (p.83) "I felt once more how simple and frugal a thing is happiness: a glass of wine, a roast chestnut, a wretched little brazier , the sound of the sea.

  1. Commentary on Ode on a Grecian Urn and Ulysses

    In the next line the urn is described to be a 'foster child' of 'silence' and 'slow time'; which possibly referred to the museum because 'silence' and 'slow time' are both found in a museum and also the urn was now in the care of the museum.

  2. Christmas - origins, traditions and ideas for making gifts.

    Germany is credited with the modern Christmas tree. It was German settlers in PA who first introduced the Christmas tree in the United States in the early 1850's. At first it was not very popular among the Americans who still considered it a pagan tradition. However, N.Y. the 1890's, Christmas ornaments were being imported from Germany and sold in stores.

  1. The Use of Epithets and Similes to Make Characters Familiar in The Odyssey

    It also indicates the precision with which Odysseus dealt the blow, as though he were accustomed to using his incredible strength for such endeavors. The comment on his build and skill make it seem as though he has been laboring since long before this trap.

  2. Hamlet ACT I Scene I:1

    the king's revelry makes Denmark a laughingstock among other nations and lessens the Danes' otherwise impressive achievements. Act I, scene iv also continues the development of the motif of the ill health of Denmark. Hamlet views the king's carousing as a further sign of the state's corruption, commenting that alcohol

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work