• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

James Joyce uses many literary motifs to illustrate and emphasize the progress of Stephens religious journey in this novel.

Extracts from this document...


Chapter or Part 3, begins with Stephen becoming very obsessed and is discovering his "darker" side. Starting of with "lust", Stephen's mind is clouded by other "deadly desires". Being brought up to be a faithful Christian, this betrayal to his own faith leaves Stephen in a state of moral confusion and paralysis, due to the fear that by committing the sin of impurity, Stephen has actually triggered a chain of other sins. The most consistent topic in this chapter is God, religion, angels, Hell and demon - the afterworld mainly because, Stephen fears not being able to enter heaven on judgment day, and getting stuck in hell. Throughout the chapter, Stephen's inner torment causes him many difficulties. ...read more.


Joyce then uses a simile when he compares "the stars of heaven were falling down upon the earth like the figs cast by the fig tree which the wind has shaken". Not only does this contribute to explaining Stephen's perspective of an Almighty God, it also somewhat foreshadows Stephen's future after Judgment Day, as he believes he like the stars will also fall in depths of Hell, when God casts him out, who is represented by the vigorous wind. The bible is referred to in this passage as well, when the sun is metaphorically compared to "sackcloth of hair" (6th line in the paragraph). The wearing of sackcloth of hair in the bible was associated with repentance, which is what Stephan feels this entire chapter as he regrets every sin he committed. ...read more.


This contrast is a direct representation of the difference between Stephen and the angels - the difference between their eternal life of purities and his conflicted mind of sins and regrets. To conclude, James Joyce uses many literary motifs to illustrate and emphasize the progress of Stephen's religious journey in this novel. Stephen's path to self - discovery to recovery (for this particular chapter) is heavily influenced by his religious beliefs and upbringing. In addition Joyce employs symbolism, imagery and motifs in this chapter to bring a sense of reality to Stephen's thoughts and adventures. Stephen's change, while being complicated and difficult is well worth the painful experience of confessions, cleansing and starting anew. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. Essay on Sea Change

    He is also jealous of the fact that she is going to sleep with another woman, even though he has done so himself many times.

  2. Antigone Analysis - literary techniques

    displease the divine law even more so than killing his own niece. It would also be a massive betrayal to his principles. He expresses his strong belief in the misogynist rule by using many literary devices as well as tautology.

  1. Things Fall Apart Novel Analysis

    Each page causes the reader to wonder what else will happen to Okonkwo and what will become of his future? The third person detail makes the reader feel like they are watching the story from above. This Narrative style adds a god-like feel to the book and gives us descriptions to make a movie of the book in our mind.

  2. Like Water for Chocolate by Laura Esquivel Chapter Analysis

    Tita takes a shower in the outdoor bathroom (a new one built on the same spot where Gertrudis's shower experience took place, signifying the trouble that goes on around this 'shower') where Tita's rage cools off, and the heat slowly dissipates.

  1. Long Days Journey Into Night

    in preventing the family from escaping from their past - rather every event in the present is related back to some previous action or accusation, without any hope of ever resolving it. This is encapsulated in Mary's comment "It's wrong to blame your brother.

  2. The Meaning of Home (Tim O'brien, Joyce Carol Oates, Doris Lessing)

    In Stray Children, Charles Benedict lives a successful, immaculate and steady life. These aspects of his life also characterise his study. It is rendered how Benedict always liked his study because it was always the same and unharmed. By mentioning the fact why he likes his room, Oates can highlight some important aspects of his personality.

  1. Cat's Eye and Such a Long Journey

    Unlike Elaine, who was emotionally attached to her "best friends", Bilimoria's actions came as a sudden shock. Jimmy was like family to the Nobles, the children respected and loved him, and provided so much enjoyment to all. First, he departed without a goodbye and then left the Noble family into a trap of deception.

  2. "Poets rethink everything anew."

    Keats also give music to seasons in stanza III such as "songs of Spring" and speaking to the persona of "Autumn" that "thou hast thy music too". In both "Preludes" and "To Autumn", Eliot and Keats creates persona for some non-humans such as the sun, autumn, street, etc.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work