• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ode on Melancholy Explication

Extracts from this document...


"Ode on Melancholy" by John Keats dramatizes the connection between happiness and beauty and melancholy and pain. The poem suggests the idea of embracing the beauty and joy of nature and humanity although it may contain pain and death. The speaker recognizes that happiness and pain are connected and to experience joy we must experience sadness or melancholy. The poem consists of three stanzas of ten lines. The rhyme scheme of the first two stanzas is ABABCDECDE. This rhyme scheme seems to make the poem flow at a smoother and steadier pace. However, in the third stanza, the rhyming changes to ABABCDEDCE. The poem has a logical structure. It progresses as the reader reads. ...read more.


The speaker says that it will make the "anguish of the soul" drowsy, and the reader should do everything they can to stay aware of his suffering. In the second stanza, lines 1-4 describe the physical circumstances literally and the emotional circumstances figuratively. For example the clouds are "weeping," which is an act of melancholy. Also, literally, flowers are usually positive but in line 3 they are "droop-headed" so they figuratively become negative (sadness or grief). The speaker then tells the reader/sufferer what to do in place of the things he said not to do in the first stanza. When bothered with "the melancholy fit," the sufferer should instead replace his sorrow with beauty, "glutting it on the morning rose", "on the rainbow of the salt sand-wave," or "in the eyes of his beloved." ...read more.


The speaker says that the melancholy comes from inside the "temple of Delight," but that you can only see it if you fill yourself with joy until it uncovers the sadness, by "bursting Joy's grape against his palate fine." The person who can do this "shall taste the sadness" of melancholy and "be among her cloudy trophies hung." The speaker implies that all the good things in life, such as beauty and joy are mixed with pain and sadness. This idea is true in reality. Melancholy or sadness and pain come with all situations in life. The poem emphasizes that the more we are happy in life, the more we are subject to melancholy. The speaker believes humans must satisfy their desire for happiness in a world where happiness and pain are connected. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. After Apple Picking Explication

    This line also creates a sense of his laziness. The line, "Essence of winter sleep is on the night," also revisits the idea that winter represents death. The lines, "I cannot shake the shimmer from my sight. I got from looking through a pane of glass, I skimmed this morning

  2. Ode on Melancholy

    While both images are reflecting the same motif of death in context, at initial glance, they seem to contradict one another in their symbolism. Keats' poem would say suicide is an escape from life and it would 'drown the wakeful anguish' (L.10.)

  1. English - Ode on Melancholy

    This whole first theme, which John Keats is addressing, is an instruction not to promote the idea of suicide or death through various methods, as it is too high of a price to pay for melancholy, and it's better being alive than having no consciousness or dying.

  2. Ode on Melancholy Analysis

    Heaven is a positive word, associated with where melancholy comes from in the poem. This juxtaposition of positive and negative images also helps to enforce the point that melancholy and joy are connected. Further evidence of this is the term "weeping cloud" that implies rain, which is usually associated with

  1. Commentary on Ode on a Grecian Urn and Ulysses

    part roughly describing the subject of the stanza and the second developing the idea. Keats starts the poem by comparing the urn to a 'still unravished bride'. At first any reader would find this a strange comparison, but after reading on, one realizes that it is in fact apt.

  2. Ode on Melancholy

    Secondly, the language used in the poem also helps bring about a balanced atmosphere. The first stanza begins with "No, no, go," low frequency, negative, gloomy sounds that evoke the feeling of melancholy. There are several negative images that follow.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work