• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Ode on Melancholy

Extracts from this document...


Ode on Melancholy - Commentary Everyone everywhere feels sadness. Whether it is everyday, or every once in a while, it is a feeling shared by all. In John Keats' "Ode on Melancholy", the poet expresses his views on the emotion and a mood of balance is conveyed with the help of the philosophy of the speaker, the language used and the overall message conveyed. First of all, the perspective that the poet takes when viewing the subject of melancholy creates and supports the balanced atmosphere. The poet is the speaker and he is speaking to someone, everyone, suffering from melancholy. He is informing them about how to deal with their natural feeling. In the first stanza of the poem the poet dissuades the victim of melancholy from ignoring their sadness: do not commit suicide. He is telling the melancholy people how not to treat their melancholy. He mentions that melancholy is so heavy and poisonous that ignoring it will only make it worse; victims have to abandon their negative-ness toward melancholy. ...read more.


This draws out the line and puts emphasis on its meaning. In the second stanza there is a simile, likening melancholy to a cloud that has fallen from the sky - heaven to be precise. Heaven is a positive word, associated with where melancholy comes from in the poem. This juxtaposition of positive and negative images also helps to enforce the point that melancholy and joy are connected. Further evidence of this is the term "weeping cloud" that implies rain, which is usually associated with dreariness, but in truth it also nourishes - it "fosters the droop-headed flowers". The mention of the "droop-headed" flowers is sad, but the nurturing of them is happy. The mention of the word "rainbow" in line six of the second stanza adds even more reinforcement to this idea. The word "rain" has a high frequency sound - a happier sound, whereas the word "bow" has a lower frequency sound - a gloomier sound. On top of this, a rainbow requires both sun and rain to occur. ...read more.


Hence, the language employed in the poem, the balance of happy and sad, positive and negative helps create and maintain the mood of equality of the poem. Finally the overall message that is conveyed aids with achieving the sense of balance present in the poem. The theme of the poem is that in life everything is balanced, to value joy, one must have encountered sorrow. In order to identify beauty, one must have seen ugliness. This is achieved through the paradox - Keats' main figure of speech. This idea is reflected in the philosophy of melancholy presented by the poet. Everyone can relate to this since there are a lot of things in everyday life that people take for granted. The idea of karma is based on this. Therefore, the universal message conveyed by the poem revolves around balance, which helps enforce the mood of balance present in the poem. In life it is important to have equal amounts of everything - good and bad. In John Keats' "Ode on Melancholy", an atmosphere of equilibrium is created with the help of the mantra on sorrow of the poet, the language used and the overall message conveyed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. Written Speech on Teen Suicide

    Don't think that this crazy idea will pass. Even if the suicidal person pleads with you not to tell, never promise to keep quiet. It could mean their life. Many teenagers who attempt suicide are loners. They think they have no one to talk to, no one who cares.

  2. English - Ode on Melancholy

    These mythological allusions emphasise the notion of death and are open to more explanations as an allusion rather than a statement. Keat's Catholic reference in 'make not your rosary of yew-berries' also stresses the idea of not promoting death of melancholy through making a rosary of yew-berries, which are a symbol of mourning.

  1. Ode on Melancholy Explication

    die", "joy is fleeting", and the "flower of pleasure is forever", "turning to poison while the bee-mouth sips."

  2. Tuf of Flowers Commentary

    As the narrator became alert to the surplus of existence around him he also noticed that everything is interlinked and connected "...and [felt ]a spirit kindred to [his]own' so that henceforth [he] worked no more alone" ( 34-35). The spirit the narrator is talking about is an allusion to the

  1. Comparing and Contrasting Nadine Gordimer's Narrative Situations

    This explanation demonstrates the sudden changes in surroundings the innocent-eye narrator had to deal with. At this point in time, the boy is mentally immature. The 1st person narration allows readers to experience the loneliness felt by the boy firsthand.

  2. Ode on Melancholy Analysis

    This helps the reader understand how joy and melancholy are contributing factors to each other. Weeping cloud is also a hyperbole showing how painful melancholy really is. The second stanza is filled with juxtapositions, oxymoron's and paradox's so as to give both sides of the feeling of melancholy.

  1. Comparing and Contrasting Chapter One of Broken April and The Thief and The Dogs.

    There is no pathetic fallacy in 'The Thief and the Dogs' but there are in 'Broken April'. In the beginning of the chapter, there is a sympathetic background to the action and the feelings of Gjorg. His feelings are conveyed by the "desolate" grating of the pebbles which is transferred to "the sense of desolation inside him" (p7).

  2. Vietnamese Poetry and Language

    Ba�c ta�i gi�i thie�u: - �o� la� nha� con ca�i ng��i phong, hoa�c va�i be�nh nha�n ���c coi nh� �a� kho�i. 14 ? VU� L�U XUA�N - Va�y ho� c�� quanh qua�n ma�i � �a�y a�? Sao kho�ng ve� que�?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work