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Passage of Time in HOS and OHYS

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PASSAGE OF TIME AND WINDS OF CHANGE Charles Darwin once said, 'It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the one most responsive to change.' This quotation fits in perfectly, as only in one line, it describes the cause that led to the downfall of the Buendias and the Truebas in the novels 'One hundred Years of Solitude' and 'The House of the Spirits' respectively. In both the novels, the winds of change blow throughout passages of time. However, since the characters fail to accept this change in the best spirit, time for them moves in a circle, as history repeats itself-again and again. One of the main themes in both these novels of magic realism is the role that fate plays in the progression of events and during the lifetimes of both the Buendias and the Truebas. And it is precisely this fate that interweaves the concepts of the passage of time and the winds of change in both the works. ...read more.


However, some of these changes also prove to be positive as the rural people rise up and fight for their rights. Similarly, in 'One Hundred Years of Solitude', change plays an important role, as 'Macondo', the town first described as a virgin Eden-like territory in a world 'which was so recent, that many things lacked names...' [2], slowly embarks on a journey of progress, though eventually coming back to square one. The first evidence of technology comes in when the gypsies, led by Melquiades, bring in magnets, refracted glass, false teeth and theories of astronomy, which amuse and excite all the inhabitants of Macondo. This new modernization of the town is led by the founder Jose Arcadio Buendia. However, he is seen as insane by everyone due to his constant quest for knowledge and thus is tied to a chestnut tree for the rest of his life. Later, foreigners come in to Macondo and set up a banana plantation, which further instigates more changes. However, the residents of Macondo fail to be impressed by such new technologies and consider balloon rides backward as compared to the gypsies' flying carpets. ...read more.


For instance, even in 'One Hundred Years of Solitude', the characters not only have the same names generation after generation, but their lives also mirror each others'. The same mistakes and actions are repeated over the course of a hundred years and to emphasize this cyclical nature of time, M�rquez gives the characters the ability to see into the future almost as they remember the past. This is best explained by a quotation in the end of the novel, when the last Aureliano realizes; 'Melqu�ades had not put events in the order of a man's conventional time, but had concentrated a century of daily episodes in such a way that they coexisted in one instant." [pg.421] Hence, in both the novels, we, as readers realize that time is not merely a linear succession of events, but something that constantly repeats itself. The lives of the characters in both the novels are pre-ordained and perhaps this is why the winds of change cannot uplift them and bring about a revolution. Instead, these changes bring them back to the places where they began and hence, all of it makes perfect sense to us in the last few pages of both the novels. ...read more.

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