• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

the animal farm

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

11/09/08 ANIMAL FARM BY-GEORGE ORWELL The 'Animal Farm' written by George Orwell is a satirical allegory of Soviet totalitarisim. He effectively communicates the development and emergence of Soviet Communism through an animal fable. A democratic socialist himself he draws a parallel to the events that took place under the leadership of Stalin who according to him was more of a dictator than a socialist leader. The story talks about how animal revolutionaries oust human power and oppression. The intent is to convey that with no human overpowering them all animals would be equal. Through the story one comes to realize disparities of class, status and intelligence corrupt many animals mind. Superiority complexes, lies, threats manipulate and twist the ideologies for some animals. The pigs and dogs are the ones who do no work and benefit the most, taking advantage of the other animals of the farm. Likewise, Stalin's tyrannical rule and eventual abandonment of the underlying principles of the Russian Revolution; socialism is aptly conveyed by the author. He wisely depicts the pigs as many Russian Rulers like Napoleon for Stalin, Snowball for Trotsky and Old Major for Karl Marx. During the narration Napoleon like Stalin turns to a more violent government against the theory of Animalism that strongly believed that all animals are equal. The hypocrisy of Napoleon as a dictator against liberty, equality and fraternity eventually resulted in a pointless rebellion. ...read more.

Middle

Orwell through his second character Snowball portrays Leon Trotsky, a secondary power to Lenin. Snowball has been described as a lively pig who was dedicated to the success of Animalism. He actively worked to change the Animal Farm. Although he was a short lived leader and was ousted by Napoleon who represents Stalin he proved to have good intentions. He believed in rebelling to ensure that Animalism continues. He continued working hard for the animal farm. He argued that in order to defend the animal farm a rebellion was required all over England. He gave his heart and soul to spread this message and to improve the farm's infrastructure. Just like the Proletariat class and Bolshevik's adapted the ideals of Marxism so did Snowball. He made Old Major's thoughts into an actual philosophy called Animalism. He also drafted the first version of the seven commandments. The seven commandments were originally established to encompass theories made by Old Major. Of which included that: < "Whatever that goes upon two legs in an enemy. < Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend. < No animal shall wear clothes. < No animal shall sleep in bad. < No animal shall drink alcohol. < No animal shall kill any other animal. < All animals are equal." (Pg- 27). This infact is what Orwell may have truly believed in. Unfortunately later on these commandments were altered for the pigs and the dogs benefit. ...read more.

Conclusion

The comparisons of this book to the Russian Revolution make it a masterpiece. He effectively communicates with the help of animals that if there is a dictatorship it eventually results in the destruction of elements of that society. As one can see in the end Napoleon although a pig has become like mankind or is it that men have become more like animals? "The creatures outside looked from pig to man and man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which" '(Pg-118). According to me this is not what Orwell wanted. He wished that all men would be equal among themselves and all animals would be equal among themselves. He targets the Stalinist Russia with feuding pigs; Napoleon and Snowball. His book's message criticizing dictatorship which attacks freedom of many kinds and ill conceived dreams of a problem free world is on many different levels. The book successfully captures the progression of a failed revolution. The emphasis of Napoleon; Stalin falsely Blaming Snowball; Trotsky leads me to believe that Orwell while decrying Stalinism is sympathetic towards Trotskism which is an adaptation of socialism in a more democratic way. It seems that Orwell is totally and completely against the misuse of socialism by dictators of Russia like Stalin for their personal benefits. Throughout his book he condemns the theory of authoritarian socialism adopted by Stalin in real life and Napoleon in the book. WORD COUNT - 1,493 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. Zoos Are Animal Prisons That Violate Animal Ethics. The main motive of a proprietor ...

    I explored the zoo further in an attempt to alter my initial impression of it but all I saw were animals that appeared to be half-dead. The lions, alligators and snakes did not possess the vigorousness I saw in them on television.

  2. How did the pigs abuse language to maintain their position of power in Animal ...

    The first technique is rhetorical questions. Rhetorical questions are questions which are asked yet answers are not expected because the speaker will lead you to an answer which he wants. And from the very beginning in the first chapter in Major's only appearance in the book, he uses rhetorical questions

  1. study guide- Ibsen's A Doll's House

    Helmer: This is madness! Nora: Tomorrow I'm going home-- to what used to be my home, I mean. It will be easier for me to find something to do there. Helmer: Oh, you blind, inexperienced... 10 Nora: I must set about getting experience, Torvald.

  2. Character Analysis of 1984 by George Orwell

    who is selfish, and only cares about physical relationships with other men, she says, "She hated the Party, and said so in the crudest words, but she made no general criticism of it. Except where it touched upon her own life she had no interest in Party doctrine."

  1. Litany: Infancy of a childs rebellion

    - and also, the means of the speaker's 'rebellion', the defining feature of her difference to the wives.

  2. The use of characters by Orwell as an allegory to express his disappointment with ...

    The pigs "who were manifestly cleverer than the other animals" (30) take responsibility for the administration of Manor Farm. The first thing they do is to rename the farm as Animal Farm. This represents the renaming of Russia as Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

  1. Story of an Hour

    window" clouds shows her life now and the blue sky is her life before, but soon it will go in absolutely other way. Now the clear theme of the story is not described, but Chopin uses symbols and personification to prepare the reader, that something in Louise's mind is going to change.

  2. Swedish. This paper examines the ideological differences between the two major political parties ...

    Han viser tilmed at han kan se sagen fra deres side, og opnår derved at modtagerne fatter tillid til ham. Citatet er også et eksempel på brugen af apelformen pathos, da han tydeligt appellerer til modtagerens følelser samtidigt med at modtageren udviser en hvis form for medlidenhed med ham.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work