• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The symbolic significance of objects in Medea and A Dolls house

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The symbolic significance of objects in 'Medea' and 'A Doll's house' World Literature Word count: 1499 Candidate number: Euripides Greek tragedy 'Medea' and Ibsen's 'Pre-feminist play' 'A Doll's House' makes use of household objects in depicting the character relationships. In 'Medea', the objects allow the audience to explore the struggling marriage between the characters, Jason and Medea, as well as the impact of Jason's affair. Similarly, Ibsen uses objects to indicate Nora's depression caused by her unmerited marriage; ironically, the objectification of Nora by her husband and her victimization in society. Both writers allow readers the freedom to interpret the household objects subjectively which challenges the reader to question the extent to which the household objects relate to the theme of marriages. Initially, Ibsen places immense significance on different objects in the household, and stresses the directions for the setting of the stage. Ibsen makes use of a triad, "a room furnished comfortably and tastefully, but not expensively"1, the triad of adverbs shows that Nora and Torvald try to make the room look 'expensively' but actually they aren't rich. This sets a warm tone and mood through the significance of detail, but also allows the audience to build their personal perception. ...read more.

Middle

However, the extent to which Medea goes through with her bad reaction of a failed marriage, could give us an insight into even the Athenian's opinion of women- as replaceable and volatile objects. 3 "Medea" Euripides Pg 6 4 Ibid. Pg 18 5 ''Ibid. Pg 18 Similarly, Ibsen uses a central object on stage to represent the depression of women caused by their husbands. "The Christmas tree... in the corner by the piano, stripped of its ornaments and with burned-down candle ends on its disheveled branches" 6 this visual imaginary of the tree is described in detail and symbolizes Nora's sense to freedom and her psychological state. The green of the Christmas tree can be representing the envy within their marriage. Her ornaments, and the luxuries of life have been taken away by her marriage and Torvald and all that is left now is a "disheveled" woman, believing she may still have the opportunity to freedom. However, not only lack of freedom is portrayed by the Christmas tree, it also sets the mood for the rest of the play, the depressing atmosphere present, in contrast to the stereotypically cheerful atmosphere of the Christmas festival depicts the outer appearance of the marriage as being playful and pleasing, whilst the inside is a harsh contrast, filled with depression and sadness much like the "burned down candle ends". ...read more.

Conclusion

The 'flowers' are put in the materialistic tree; therefore emphasize the superficial atmosphere. Red can represent innate anger towards her husband as she is constantly being objectified. Nora evokes her husbands' shame ''now the lamp's been lit''13, which metaphorically foregrounds the truth being revealed with clarity instead of a fa´┐Żade. Whereas in 'Medea' "the glow of the golden robe''14 symbolizes the anger Nora is exhausted from, emphasized by the 'glow' and 'golden' alliteration and the assonance produced by the vowel sounds which Euripides uses to portray the long and tedious marital status reflected by the elongated vowels. Gold is a royal color which emphasizes the joy, wealth, greed and materialism within the relationship. Ultimately, the use of objects by Euripides and Ibsen conveys themes of freedom and justice. The bed is central in 'Medea' representing love, trust and betrayal. The relationship between Medea and Torvald suffers from the lack of loyalty, shown by the different interpretations the audience can place on the objects. Whereas in 'A Doll's House', where the Christmas tree has significance meanings in relation to the characters relationship as the tree symbolizes the state of marriage. Effectively objects don't only emphasize the difference between the female characters with their male counterparts, but mainly introduces the theme of liberation and social isolation of woman. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. Fasting Feasting by Anita Desai Detailed Study Notes

    Uma herself is depicted and being 'limp and drained', much like Mira on her departure. The contrasting words convey the slow deterioration of Mira-masi, and the bond between her and Uma as the novel wears on. The effect of fasting has led Mira to become a weak, soulless female, on a mission to find her spiritual self, and her Lord.

  2. The Significance of Money In Controlling The Fate Of The Female Characters in A ...

    However, as the play progressed, we could see that Nora kept on a mask at all time when she was with Torvald, making sacrifices for Torvald's expectations of preserving the appearances of an honorable family.

  1. Henrik Ibsen(TM)s portrayal of a changing society through the characters of his play, ...

    obey the laws of perceived morality, and believes that his true worth is wholly dependent on how society judges him. In contrast to Ibsen's contemporaries, he displays these characteristics as negative, leading to Torvald's ultimate rejection, as opposed to agreeing with the ideals of society and portraying the characters that follow them as noble and deserving.

  2. In Susie Orbachs, Fat as a Feminist Issue she argues that women who are ...

    In one article titled, "Some Men Prefer Fat Women" by Sally Law, she states that, "The men were most attracted to the photo of a woman with a body mass index of 29.24." In my understanding a woman with that body mass index is overweight.

  1. History research - Early Australian bushrangers. English writing -my region and favourite authors.

    He led the army in the great number of successful battles. On 8 june B.H. sent the letter to the russian tsar Alexey Mikhailovich with the request to take Ukraine in Russian authority and to render assistance in the war.

  2. Different meanings of stars - astronomical and symbolic

    Another stage of evolving T Tauri star into a star occurs, when in T Tauri core starts a nuclear fusion. It means that protons of hydrogen combine with neutrons to form a helium nuclei. The temperature and pressure during the fusion in T Tauri's core are extremely high.

  1. Advertising is also form of pollution, visual pollution. Advertising makes cities both ugly and ...

    The longer the wait the worse it will get, with new technologies it will only become easier for advertisers to make us buy their products. From following our browsing as they do now, they will one time be able to determine what we want and what cannot resist.

  2. Significance of Objects

    Soon afterwards he gets involved in the wig business with May Kasahara, investigating the prevalence and degree of hair loss in the general population. The wigs, normally used to conceal age and other blemishes, are symbolic of Toru not yet being comfortable with his mark or deep in his heart

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work