• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

World Literature Final Draft

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In both Machado de Assis's novel Dom Casmurro and Garc�a M�rquez's Chronicle of a Death Foretold, the main characters, Bentinho or "Bento" Santiago and Santiago Nasar, are presented to us without a proper paternal figure in their lives. This, in consequence, emphasizes the importance of motherhood in the society of these two novels and through various literary techniques and imagery, the authors are able to evoke awareness of this theme to the reader. In this essay, I will examine mother-son relationships and show how mothers shape their sons' character through their actions. Through character details, mother-son relationships are evident in Dom Casmurro and Chronicle of a Death Foretold. Dona Gl�ria is presented through the eyes of her son, Bento, as a "lovely woman" (16). Although there is no clear description of the father, there are brief glimpses into his character through details such as: "... the portrait shows a round pair of eyes, which follow [Bento] everywhere, an effect of the painting that frightened [him] as a child" (16). From Bento's brief portrayal of his parents, it is shown that the mother played a grander role in taking care of him when he was still a child. Machado de Assis makes use of pathetic fallacy by describing Bento's father as an inanimate object with human characteristics and this accentuates the disjunct relationship between the narrator and his father. ...read more.

Middle

After Capitu marries Bento, she undergoes a significant character transformation, becoming less strong-willed and independent. She assumes a more "traditional" role as a wife and mother. When she is bombarded with accusations by her husband, she simply replies: "I am at your disposal" (233). Her distress is a signal to the reader that she may not be prepared for motherhood and although she tries to suppress this inner secret from Bento, he finds out from Ezequiel's imitations of his mother. This is blatant through Bento's description: "Capitu playing with her son, and her with her, or each with the other, for, in truth, they were fond of each other..." (220-221). He even states that "Ezequiel's eyes came from his mother" (221) and this signifies that Ezequiel's character is heavily shaped by Capitu because of their close resemblance. Nonetheless, the reader must keep in mind that the relationship between Capitu and her son is filtered through the lens of the narrator and therefore, could prove to be misleading to a certain extent. All these factors can, however, explain why Bento is suspicious of his wife and his "supposed" son; especially, after he starts to speculate that Escobar may be the actual father of Ezequiel. Garc�a M�rquez employs a similar, but slightly different approach in conveying the influence of mothers on their sons' character. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, he describes, fleetingly, that this slight thought caused him great anguish which eventually led to a burst of tears. It is important to note that this thought is enigmatic as the narrator admits that he would "go against [his] mother's orders" (86) in order to see Capitu. Nonetheless, filial love is evident throughout the novel as he consistently tries to please his mother after rejecting the seminary. Although Bento stated that he loved Capitu more than his mother, he visited Dona Gl�ria's house one more time "to say goodbye" (225) while leaving his wife in Switzerland. This unexpected occurrence symbolizes the impact of motherhood in Bento's life and his reciprocity for all Dona Gl�ria has done for him. Without the presence of a true father, mothers play a special role in providing discipline, love, and characteristics to their sons in both Dom Casmurro and Chronicle of a Death Foretold. Personality traits, character development, as well as inner thoughts and motivations can be revealed by mother-son relationships. The presence of solely a mother, however, results in a lack of experience or guidance in which is evident in her son. Santiago Nasar's languid response to his murder and Bentinho's hostility towards Capitu can all be explained by the treatment of their mothers. This theme, as well as many other literary techniques Machado de Assis and Garc�a M�rquez employ, helps create the distinct realities of these novels. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Languages section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Languages essays

  1. World Lit Essay - Chronicle of a Death

    This philosophy intrigues Shukhov and leads to one of the most vital conversations throughout the novel. Shukhov has a sceptical view of religion "Because all these prayers are like the complaints to the higher-ups -either they don't get there or they come back to you marked 'Rejected'" (Solzhenitsyn 139)

  2. I.B. Indonesian World literature 1

    Sampai pada batasnya saat seorang germo bernama Marzouk memeras Firdaus terus menerus sehingga terjadilah perkelahian yang menyebabkan pembunuhan germo tersebut oleh Firdaus.

  1. World Literature Paper on Death and the Maiden and Accidental Death of an Anarchist

    the masters slaves- which explains the reversal of roles of Paulina and the Maniac and their oppressors. Though when the slave takes power, they do so with vindictiveness for the strong, with a jealousy to enslave them as some form of revenge.

  2. World Literature - Comparitive essay - Hedda Gabler Miss Julie

    When Jean and Julie decide to run away from home, Jean chops off Julie's bird's head to prevent her from taking it during her voyage.

  1. Blood Wedding and Chronicle of a Death Foretold

    This is why the Bride is a victim of fate to a great extent as she suffers the greatest loss. She has to live with the guilt and she is the one who has to live alone. At the end of the play the Beggarwoman says, 'That's how it was.

  2. A Mother's Legacy In Mary Shelley's "Mathilda"

    . excuse the Tyranny of Man . . . arguments have been brought forward to prove, that the two sexes . . . ought to aim at attaining a very different character: or, to speak explicitly, women are not allowed to have sufficient strength of mind to acquire what

  1. World Literature: Compare and contrast the changes in the character of Baldini in Perfume ...

    This suggests that the author develops Baldini this way because he disapproves of people who become overconfident and condescending in manner when they flourish. It should also be noted that in contrast with The Metamorphosis, Perfume adopts a more fantastic, almost fairytale-like plot.

  2. Chronicle of a Death Foretold

    After all the fighting and all the suspense, all he remembers is this smell. It is through this that Marquez makes the greatest use of bathos in the novel. It is almost a letdown; the only thing that Santiago is remembered for by this man is the fact that he smelled extremely bad.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work