• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Investigate the mathematical functions which model these curves and determine Logans logo

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In this assignment, I will investigate the mathematical functions which model these curves and determine Logan’s logo.

For this, I will use an appropriate set of axis with a scale of 1 centimetre per unit and record a number of different data points on the curves which will then create model functions.

Logan’s logo represents two curves: the lower curve and the upper curve. The variables used are the horizontal-axis and the vertical-axis.

The measured numbers of data points for the lower and upper curve are represented in this table.

1. The various numbers of data points from the curve are entered in a table as shown below. L1 being the horizontal-axis, L2 the lower curve and L3 the upper curve.

image07.png

The window parameters for the graph are then programmed for both the upper and the lower curve to respect the scale on Logan’s logo:

image08.png

Then a scatterplot is obtained for both curves after putting the points of each curve into a table.

image17.png

Graph of the lower curve:

image22.png

...read more.

Middle

Using the sinusoidal regression formula the values of a, b, c and d for the upper sine curve are found:

image11.png

Following the sine formula, the letters are replaced with the values found with the sinusoidal regression formula in the function plot to then create a graph for each curve.

image12.png

The graph of the lower sine curve resembles this:

image13.png

The same method is replicated for the second upper sine curve:

image14.png

The graph of the upper sine graph is represented as the following:

image15.png

The amplitude of the upper sine curve is calculated with the following formula: image16.png

However, the sine curves of Logan’s logo carry some limitations.

First of all, it is not certain that this curve follows the sinusoidal behaviour. It is only a possible hypothesis. Furthermore, the values are not extremely precise therefore the results of the sine equations are not very accurate. Thirdly, as it was graphically impossible to obtain the correlation coefficient (r),

...read more.

Conclusion

image09.png5.70

The amplitude is measured with the following formula:

Amplitude=image16.png=

image23.png

ower limit=0

Upper limit=8

3. For the business card, we must multiply the amplitude by 5/8 and to find the area between two curves, we find the area under the curve which is above and subtract the area of the curve which is below.

The lower limit is 0 and the upper one is 8.  (screenshot 2nd calc , 7)

In order to find the area between the two curves, we have to substract the area of the lower curve to the area of the upper curve.

image18.png32.13-20.15image24.png

The business card’s area is 45cm2. The amplitude of the two sine functions must be multiplied by image25.png to reduce the height (y-axis) to 5 cm

Logan’s logo occupies image26.png of the business card.

Pour la 1ère function A has to be multiplied by 5/8 and d which affects vertical translation  ce qui donne 1.27 et d= 2.42*5/8=1.51

Pour la 2ème function a (amplitude) and the d by 5/8 2.93 * 5/8=1.89. et d=4.03*5/8=2.52

Screenshots of business-card format, sine functions :

Then calculate the integrals and area

Sine function 1: aimage21.png

image27.png for the lower curve

For the upper curve f(x)=2axsin(bx+c)d

image28.png cm 2 for the upper curve.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Maths section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Maths essays

  1. Math IA - Logan's Logo

    points on the curve, which are (1.8, 3.5) and (-1.6, -2.8) respectively. When we find the amplitude of a sine curve, we can disregard the x-values, as they do not tell us anything about the height of the curve. Now that we've found the highest and lowest points of the

  2. Investigating the Graphs of Sine Functions.

    transformation of the standard curve y= sin x: as x is directly affected by the factor of 2 in y= sin 2x, I conjecture that the period of the standard curve, 2, is now multiplied by the factor of two: 4.

  1. Population trends. The aim of this investigation is to find out more about different ...

    that there is no way that this can be the model, however the graph can still be manipulated to find a similar model. Again the in the equation is relevant because it was the population at the year where the data given starts.

  2. Mathematics Higher Level Internal Assessment Investigating the Sin Curve

    We can use a similar method for the rest of the equations: From this it can be seen that , and . This would mean that the amplitude of the graph would be , causing the original graph to be stretched inwards by units.

  1. An investigation of different functions that best model the population of China.

    to work out K, L and M. Given the five year intervals of the data, one can make "t" the number of years after 1950 and we already know that "P" means population. Therefore we have to input this into our GDC: x(t)

  2. Systems of Linear Equations. Investigate Systems of linear equations where the system constants ...

    ca + 2cb - (a + b)y + ay(c +d)= a(c + 2d) c(a+ b) - cay - cby + cay + day= a(c + 2d) ca + 2cb - cby + day= ca + 2ad 2cb - cby + day= 2ad ax= a + 2b - (a + b)(2)

  1. Music and Maths Investigation. Sine waves and harmony on the piano.

    We can conclude that the period ratios of different frequencies are a telling sign of them being harmonic; simple is more harmonic, complex is more dissonant. For us human beings, this should make sense as we prefer simplicity and neatness over the complexity.

  2. In this task, you will investigate different functions that best model the population of ...

    All other growing solutions have the same limiting behaviour and are time-translated versions of this one. After rescaling back to the original variables, we have xt= K1+e-r(t-to) There are also decreasing solutions where x>1 and solutions (irrelevant to population biology)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work