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Investigation of the Effect of Different types of Background Music on

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Investigation of the Effect of Different types of Background Music on

Students' Ability to Memorize and Recall from Word Lists

Candidate Name and Number: Ramon L. Jackson

Type of Study: Music Experiment

Subject and Level: Math Studies HL Date of submission: November 18, 2009

Table of Contents

 Abstract………………………………………………………………………………………pg.1

 Introduction………………………………………………………………………………….pg.2

Methods………………………………………………………………………………………pg.3Designs…………………………………………………………………………………..pg.4

 Participants…..………………………………………………………………………….pg.5

        Materials……………………………………………………………………..…………pg.5

          Procedures……………………………………………………………….……………..pg.6

Results……………………..…………………………………………………………………..pg.7

Description of Results………………………………………………………………………..pg.7

Analysis of Results……………………………………………………………………………pg.7

Discussion…………………………………………………………………………….……….pg.8

Abstract

The investigation is to investigate the effect of different types of background music on students' ability to memorize word lists. The music was selected from three genres: classical, rap hip-hop, and gospel, each rated with medium, high and low levels of dissonance respectively. Dissonance is defined as an inharmonious or displeasing sound.                For this experiment, I chose 26 participants and there were four different word lists in a repeated measures design. They had two minutes to study each word list, one minute to sit in silence, and one minute to recall and write down as many words as possible. The first test was a control, and no music was played during both the participants studying the words and recalling the words.

...read more.

Middle

Participants

The 26 participants ranged in age from 12 to 14 years old. All were students in the Middle School Band, and were asked to participate during their band class. The Band Director was informed about my procedures and was asked not to take penalty from students after my testing. The participants were had all different types of grade levels of English.

Materials

  • The following songs: • " Bad Mamma Jamma and Isnt She Lovely (medium dissonance)

"After A Dream" by Ramon L. Jackson (high dissonance) • "Call Him Up (low dissonance)

  • Stopwatch
  • 26 pencils
  • 26 copies of 4 separate word lists, each composed of 13 words (see Appendix ii)
  • 60 labeled slips of paper to write down memorized words from each list (see

Appendix ii)

Procedure

1. Pass out consent forms and overview it in dept.

2. Hand out first word list face down so students cannot study until time is called.

3. Allow students to turn word lists over and start stopwatch.

4. Allow students two minute to memorize word lists in silence.

5. After one minute, tell students to stop studying, and collect word lists.

6. Ask students to sit in silence for one minute. During this time, pass out blank sheets of paper, with the number of the word list to be recalled.

7.

...read more.

Conclusion

="1" rowspan="1">

Picture

Stone

Window

Carpet

Horse

Door

Sun

Ball

Hat

 Yellow

Food

Tree

Book

Pencil

Cup

Orange

Right

Game

Corner

Lion

Sky

Nose

Feather

Airplane

Square

Coat

Banana

Plant

King

Cloud

Glass

Ring

West

Milk

Green

Foot

House

Computer

Dog

Apple

Fish

Cat

Boat

Paper

Chair

Red

Face

Shirt

Dish

Flower

Tooth

Floor

Word List #1

Word List #2

Word List #3

Word List #4

Note: This is the memorization test used. The Blank copy is the answer sheet that each participant received and the one with words is the answer key.

(appendix iii) Raw Data

Control

Medium Dissonance

High Dissonance

Low Dissonance

Participants

Word List #1

Word List #2

Word List #3

Word List #4

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26

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12

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7

...read more.

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