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A. Describe one cognitive explanation of human behavior making reference to one empirical study (4 marks) and B. Describe one strength and one limitation of this explanation of human behavior (4 marks).

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Introduction

A. Describe one cognitive explanation of human behavior making reference to one empirical study (4 marks). Elizabeth Loftus found out that people's memory is not so accurate as it has been thought. We cannot accurately re-create what we have experienced. Instead, we rather reconstruct an actual event. This reconstructive memory is combined existing information with the new one to fill in the gaps. ...read more.

Middle

It falsely presupposes that the car was actually speeding and after some period of time the same people were asked was the car speeding with bigger results in yes answer than before the falsely presupposed question was asked. B. Describe one strength and one limitation of this explanation of human behavior (4 marks). The strength of this explanation is that there is another prove for it to be right - there are many cases in which after 20 ...read more.

Conclusion

However, there is also a limitation. Courts are rather trying not to alter the memory of the eyewitness. Judges do not ask any particular questions - they just ask what has the eyewitness seen giving him the time for free testimony. That is why we cannot generalize this explanation to every single case. Moreover, it is said that police can alter the memory of an event by asking the questions which is completely false, because police is for interviewing suspects not witnesses. They can just ask them what happened with no particular focus. ...read more.

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