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Analyze the case study of Bruce Brenda Reimer and describe how it applies to Principal 1 of the biological level of analysis.

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Eric Lopez 1/15/13 Morrow IB History Analyze the case study and describe how it applies to Principal 1 of the biological level of analysis. The case study of Bruce ?Brenda? Reimer was the study of a John Hopkins University psychologist, this psychologist had the theory that a child?s gender identity was determined by environmental variables such as the social conditions in which the child is raised. Mrs. Reimer gave birth to twin boys whom they named Bruce and Brian, but Bruce was the unlucky of the two. During a routine circumcision the doctor used an unorthodox technique and ended up destroying Bruce?s penis. From here on the parents started seeking out professional advice of what to do with or to the child. ...read more.


The case study of Bruce ?Brenda? Reimer showed how the environment did not control the gender identity of a child. Although there are some speculations about the timing of the operations to the child, some say that if done earlier the operations could have played a bigger factor in the cognition of the child. Since the child was of late age, an age where some comprehension could be made, then this could have affected the rate of the environments influence. The first principle of the biological level of analysis states that all behavior has a physiological basis. There are different physiological factors that play a role in our behavior, like the brain and neurotransmitters, but two of the most important in this case study are hormones and genes. ...read more.


She also had the tendencies to use the boy?s restrooms at her school. She also complained about how she saw herself as more of a man than a woman, she always described herself as ?masculine? and ?muscular?. The hormones and genes that she possessed because she was born a boy played a major part in her behavior. Such a case demonstrates that psychosexual development is not determined by external genitalia and socialization but by chromosomes and hormones. The case study of Bruce ?Brenda? Reimer proves, in some ways, the first principle of biological levels of analysis, it being that all behavior has a physiological basis. The attempt to create an environment that was suitable for a girl but was meant for a boy who underwent a sex change failed. The hormones of the boy and his own image gave him the enlightenment that he was truly a man. ...read more.

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