• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyze the case study of Bruce Brenda Reimer and describe how it applies to Principal 1 of the biological level of analysis.

Extracts from this document...


Eric Lopez 1/15/13 Morrow IB History Analyze the case study and describe how it applies to Principal 1 of the biological level of analysis. The case study of Bruce ?Brenda? Reimer was the study of a John Hopkins University psychologist, this psychologist had the theory that a child?s gender identity was determined by environmental variables such as the social conditions in which the child is raised. Mrs. Reimer gave birth to twin boys whom they named Bruce and Brian, but Bruce was the unlucky of the two. During a routine circumcision the doctor used an unorthodox technique and ended up destroying Bruce?s penis. From here on the parents started seeking out professional advice of what to do with or to the child. ...read more.


The case study of Bruce ?Brenda? Reimer showed how the environment did not control the gender identity of a child. Although there are some speculations about the timing of the operations to the child, some say that if done earlier the operations could have played a bigger factor in the cognition of the child. Since the child was of late age, an age where some comprehension could be made, then this could have affected the rate of the environments influence. The first principle of the biological level of analysis states that all behavior has a physiological basis. There are different physiological factors that play a role in our behavior, like the brain and neurotransmitters, but two of the most important in this case study are hormones and genes. ...read more.


She also had the tendencies to use the boy?s restrooms at her school. She also complained about how she saw herself as more of a man than a woman, she always described herself as ?masculine? and ?muscular?. The hormones and genes that she possessed because she was born a boy played a major part in her behavior. Such a case demonstrates that psychosexual development is not determined by external genitalia and socialization but by chromosomes and hormones. The case study of Bruce ?Brenda? Reimer proves, in some ways, the first principle of biological levels of analysis, it being that all behavior has a physiological basis. The attempt to create an environment that was suitable for a girl but was meant for a boy who underwent a sex change failed. The hormones of the boy and his own image gave him the enlightenment that he was truly a man. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. IB Revision Psych

    He attached a pen which rose at the amount of saliva collected rose, and made this touch a rotating drum with paper on it. - In this way he could tell how much and when saliva was produced by the markings the pen made.

  2. Cognitive and Biological factors influence behavioural change

    Genie was able to acquire language, but lacked the normal linguistic abilities, which suggests that there is a 'sensitive period' for language acquisition, rather than a 'critical period' as proposed by Lenneberg. The case study was based on a single individual, which is not a representative sample.

  1. Neuroplasticity - Biological Level Of Analysis

    the brain to determine the amount of cell growth and the levels of neurotransmitter activity. Through the post-mortem studies it was discovered that the rats which were placed in the enriched environment had an increased thickness of the cortex as well as more dendritic branching.

  2. IB Psychology HL Take Home Final - The biological level of anaylsis. Most human ...

    The Cognitive Level of Analysis 1. A schema is a mental model of the aspects of the world. Schemas consist of cultures, animals, occupation, and other features of the natural and social environment. Information from earlier experiences is stored in the brain and is called schema.

  1. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    An explanation of gender differences could be due to the fact that the figures come from medical data and women are more likely to go and see a doctor than men. Perhaps women are more ready and willing to admit to needing help and therefore seek it out more readily.

  2. Psychology IB Abnormality Notes

    People in some cultures may not think that depression is common, and that depression is more related to somatic problems. Therefore they would not consider of the importance of thinking "positively" to cure and decrease the chances of depression. 1. The way that people think affecting their behavior (schemas)

  1. A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier by Ishmael Beah--A Psychological Analysis ...

    Under our long-sleeved shirts we had sleeveless undershirts, T-shirts, and soccer jerseys. We wore three pairs of socks that we pulled down and folded to make our crapes (sneakers) look puffy (Beah p.7) It is evident from this example that Ishmael and his friends were on the path to developing their identities.

  2. Case Study of a Feral Child - Genie Wiley

    After testing her cognitive and emotional abilities, psychologist James Kent described her as "the most profoundly damaged child I've ever seen? Genie's life is a wasteland." 11. Her silence and inability to use language made it difficult to assess her mental abilities, but on tests she scored at about the level of a one-year-old.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work