• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the effectiveness of the learning perspective explanations for either one psychological/social question.

Extracts from this document...


Assess the effectiveness of the learning perspective explanations for either one psychological/social question. (20) The learning perspective is based on the assumption that only observable behaviour should be considered valid data. Behaviorists who follow this perspective would also agree that the mechanisms involved for learning are identical in all species, and thus the test results, which come from different species, would still be applicable to each other. Acknowledging these assumptions in the learning perspective, the social question to the origins of stereotypes and their role in psychology can be assessed. It is especially important that the investigator is not influenced by expectations he has of the participants involved in the psychological research. If he has lower expectations for women than men, then the data collected would most likely show a poorer task performance in women and thus provide theories from this research data, which would also be gender biased because of the baseline data. ...read more.


express their leadership, they naturally perform better in congenial activities specific to their gender meaning that it would not seem right to apply test results from men to women. Other observations from psychologists like Maccby and Jacklin however, have shown that there are very few differences between girls and boys. Through observation and tests, they have noted that girls have a greater verbal ability than boys, that boys have a greater arithmetical ability than girls, and that boys tend to be more physically active than girls. Hyde and Linn pointed out that these differences were fairly small and that there was a lot of overlap in this behaviour between bys and girls. Shaffer pointed out that girls seemed to be more emotionally sensitive, and were less likely to suffer from learning disability and hyperactivity. Because of these observations, it seemed to be logical enough to generalize that men could be seen as more dominant and aggressive, playing an instrumental role, while women were more nurturing, compassionate, and friendly, playing the expressive role. ...read more.


These sexual infatuations cause them to adopt the same behaviours as their same-sex parental figure. In addition, because of "penis envy" he proposed that this is what influenced the women's obsession with physical vanity in an attempt to compensate for their original sexual inferiority Other explanations for specific-gender-related behaviour through the anatomy of a human include evolutionary explanations in which the males have generally been equipped with better physical strength, aggression and ability to hunt. Because of this, women may have automatically been pushed into work, which serve the men, thus developing their compassion for children and other art-based projects, as they were not thought to be as strong and skillful enough to hunt. It has been though that male hormones, especially testosterone have helped during prenatal development to increase the masculinity of the brain, therefore making men smarter than girls in some aspects. In addition, since men have a higher metabolic rate, they are more able to maintain less body fat, therefore giving the appearance of being fitter than women and earning the gender stereotype of being stronger than girls. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Examine the Concepts of Normality & Abnormality

    to Jahoda's criteria, was that the lists of symptoms no longer required external perception; one can easy judge himself, perhaps even more reliably than through others, on "fatigue", or "insomnia", or indeed "recurrent thoughts of death". All this forms the backdrop of Horwitz's article, in which it is apparent that

  2. Understanding Childrens Behaviour. The purpose of this writing is to explore the theoretical ...

    Vygotsky therefore also emphasised the role of language in the development of thinking processes. Like Piaget, he saw children as active partners in their own learning, and increasingly so as their ability to interact with others develops. He therefore emphasised the importance of language development, learning and teaching to the child's cognitive development.

  1. Outline and evaluate one or more psychological exlpanations for Schizophrenia

    As the cognitive model fails to recognise any of these environmental factors, a disadvantage is that it is possibly too simplistic. The cognitive model also fails to explain some important questions associated with Sz such as, why some people recover and others do not and so this suggests that Sz is more complex than explained in the cognitive models.

  2. Evaluate Social Learning Theory

    Finally, another strength of this theory is that cognitions are involved in the process. Attention and retention are large parts of the process. Because a subject must attend to the behavior of the model to learn that behavior must then go through retention in the long term memory, so that it can later be retrieved and reproduced.

  1. Evaluation of Social Learning Theory

    Therefore, they have no motivation to learn aggressive behaviors. Whereas, the Mundugmor tribe encourages violence, and the more aggressive you are the higher your status is. As a result of this, we can say that social learning theory can be applied universally.

  2. Is eyewitness testimony reliable?

    Some researchers have questioned whether attentional focus is a reason that causes poor recall of a violent incident. Clifford and Scott (1978) as cited in the article Eyewitness Testimony Psychology, found that when individuals witness a rather violent incident they seem to remember less than individuals who witness a non-violent incident.

  1. Discuss the effectiveness of strategies for coping with stress.

    in a range of settings, including helping people deal with stressful jobs such as teaching, nursing and the police, as well as with professional athletes (e.g. Cox, 1991). Meichenbaum treated individuals suffering from both snake phobia and rat phobia. Each patient received treatment for only one phobia using one of two methods, desensitisation, and SIT.

  2. Examine how one or more factors (biological, cognitive, socio-cultural) influence either one specific anxiety ...

    Some advantages of the methods would be that information can be collected from a large portion of a group. The cognitive approach involves neuroscience, philosophy and psychology, being useful because instead of just measuring external behaviours (a method employed by behaviourists), it measures internal states like memory and mental processes,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work