• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss cultural and ethical considerations in diagnosis of abnormal psychology.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Discuss cultural and ethical considerations in diagnosis. Abnormal psychology is the area of psychology which concentrates on unusual behaviours. These could involve affective disorders such as depression or anxiety. It is not an exact science since in different parts of the world different things are considered abnormal. This often leads to the need of having cultural considerations. These types of considerations come up when disorders which ?exist? in certain parts of the world only are taken into consideration. Rack in 1982 considered for example the fact that in China diagnosis are made only in severe cases since the mentally ill are not easily accepted there. Also Kleinman in 1984 evaluated how often symptoms are bound to certain cultures and not to others. Ethical considerations instead are made so to have the least amount of counter effects as possible in the patient who is given a diagnosis of a mental disease. Szasz for example stated that often labels are given to people (such as mentally ill) ...read more.


The second effect is instead the fact that they will be a lot worse when they are going to ask for help and this will cause a longer therapy, possibly heavier drugs and more consequences. Another example related to cultural considerations is the observation conducted by Kleinman in 1984. After looking at Chinese and western depressed patients he observed how these two differed in symptoms. The results were really important to understand how a diagnosis can be unrealiable when looked at from at outsider. Apparently while people in western cultures demonstrate their depression with feelings of anxiety and sadness, people in China will demonstrate their depression somatizing their emotions. It usually happens that when Chinese men and women feel depressed the have more physical problems than emotional ones. An example can be the pain they often feel in their back. Ethical considerations must also be brought up when considering diagnosis in the area of abnormal psychology. Often one does not think of how the diagnosis could affect the patient, but usually problems arise in these cases. ...read more.


When they got diagnosed schizophrenia they were asked to remain in observation in the hospital. After entering they started saying they felt fine. One of them was kept under observation for other fifty-two days. This is caused by the fact that patients in institutions are regarded as having something for the simple reason they are in there. This was also shown by the fact that the behaviour of the actors was always considered as representing the schizophrenic behaviour, even when it was something as simple as walking through the corridors for boredom. It is possible to try lowering the levels of the issues caused by culture and ethics. Several ?guides? to psychological diseases were created so that when someone is diagnosed based on that ?guide?, it will maintain its diagnosis throughout all the world. Instead for ethical purposes now diagnosis are given in a less drastic way. Instead of being schizophrenic, for example, a person is considered to have ?schizophrenic behaviour?. Even if decisions to get the situation better are made very often by psychologists interested in it, many other issues are still to be considered while diagnosing a mental disease. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays


    Delayed reinforcement is generally much less effective than immediate reinforcement.(Martin and Pear, 1983: 222) Negative reinforcement of course comprises of more ethical matters. It becomes highly questionable whether electric shocks or other forms of aversive stimuli are permissible in the use of training.

  2. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    Diathesis stress model â Current ideas err towards the fact that you may have the genetic predisposition to a particular condition, but it will only emerge if one is exposed to certain environmental stimuli. So despite the success of certain treatments like SSRIs, many believe that they do not

  1. A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier by Ishmael Beah--A Psychological Analysis ...

    isolation was not something that could be realized at this point in Ishmael?s development. As soon as Zainab inquired about ?who? Ishmael was, he ended the relationship. This question is probably something that Ishmael did not have an answer for.

  2. Examine/ discuss the concepts of normality and abnormality

    discharged with a diagnosis of schizophrenia in remission Participants were hospitalized from a range of 7-52 days, with an average 19 days At the hospital ?real? patients suspected that the pseudo patients were not crazy (35 out of 188 patients)

  1. Psychology. Discuss two errors in attributions.

    When writing about themselves they made more situational attributes such as ? they chose that specific major because it was interesting?.

  2. Discuss how ethical considerations would be addressed before and during a psychological study

    Additionally, from the beginning of the study onwards the participants must not be deceived by the researchers. Deception is occasionally necessary to avoid demand characteristics (e.g.: a potential leading question in the focus group interview that may lead the boys to discover what answers the researchers want).

  1. Evaluate two studies related to abnormal psychology

    had become clinically depressed. Of these, 33 (almost 90 per cent) had suffered an adverse life event. Three of the four factors that had the strongest associations with depression involved recent levels of stress. These factors were the lack of an intimate relationship, lack of paid employment, and the presence of three of more children in the home.

  2. Psychology IB Abnormality Notes

    Results: 1% of the people in the positive thinking group developed depression, and 17& of the people in the negative thinking group developed depression 4. Conclusion: link between cognitive style and development of depression, and that identification of negative thinking patterns may eventually help prevent depression Paragraph 3 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work