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Discuss ethical considerations related to research studies at the biological level of analysis.

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Introduction

´╗┐Jonas Prawer 17/09/2012 Ms. Singh Discuss ethical considerations related to research studies at the biological level of analysis. ________________ Considerable research has been made that there is a genetic basis in human behaviour. This makes it interesting for Psychologists to investigate our brain much further. To keep it in ethical bounds most psychologists agree to follow the American Psychological Association?s code of ethics since it would not be acceptable to carry out inhumane studies. The APA?s code of ethics general principles are as follows: ?Principle A: Beneficence and No maleficence, Principle B: Fidelity and Responsibility, Principle C: Integrity, Principle D: Justice, [and] Principle E: Respect for People's Rights and Dignity? (American Psychological Association). ...read more.

Middle

In some cases studies performed with respect for all APA guidelines results may determine the studies validity for example in Paul Broca?s study on speech localization in the brain. He had to use subjects that already suffered brain damage to what he called Broca?s area, he could not instigate brain damage artificially since this would be unethical. Additionally he could not use animals since they are not capable of communicating as elaborately as humans. Consequently he was only able to work with two case studies; Leborge and Lelong. Later his study was labelled as incomplete. One ethical issue related to research into genetic influences on behaviour is the idea of predetermination of actions according to ones genes. ...read more.

Conclusion

Assuming it crime is committed due to genes would we consider criminals as ill and in need of medical treatment rather than be punished? Our whole legal system is designed on the assumption of free will and not on determinism. In conclusion who should have the right to access to the huge databases of genetic characteristics at the Human Genome Project. Should your insurance company, employer, or the government have the right to see your genetic makeup and see if you are prone to illness, alcoholism, or crime? What should we do with this information? The ethical issues resulting from the biological level of analysis have no simple solutions for them. We should make sure to keep physiological research have a positive influence to human society. ...read more.

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