• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the relationship between etiology and therapeutic approach in relation to one disorder.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sol-A Kim IB Psychology Discuss the relationship between etiology and therapeutic approach in relation to one disorder. Basically, etiology is defined as the cause of disorder. The causes of psychological disorders can be explained not only biologically, but also cognitively and socially. The treatment of psychological disorders is different when each different etiology is based on. This means that the treatment of psychological disorders is linked to what was thought to be the etiology. Generally speaking, when a psychological disorder is based on the assumption that biological factors are involved in, biomedical approaches to treatment are used. On the other hand, when it is thought that cognitive factors involve in psychological disorders, individual therapies, such as cognitive therapy, are used. Group approaches are also used to treat patients in sociocultural ways. However, it cannot be said that only one type of the therapies are used at a time. In modern cases, eclectic approaches are commonly used to incorporate positive effects of each different therapy. ...read more.

Middle

It was also turned out that reduction of binge biting and vomiting, which are behavioral symptoms, were resulted because of higher intake of the drug. The study of McGilley and Pryor clearly explains effectiveness of biomedical approaches on bulimia, and there are nothing wrong. The US Food and Drug Administration allowed the researchers to use of SSRI for the treatment of bulimia nervosa based on such studies. Also, data of the study was fully published in 1992, and confidentiality of the clients was kept. In addition, this study is reliable, since it was successful replicated by Goldstein et al in 1995. He found that Prozac reduced binge eating 51 percent, whereas only 17 percent of patients who received placebo reduced the symptom. Individual therapy, especially Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), is the most widely used when treating bulimia nervosa. The therapy stresses the importance of cognitive aspects in bulimia, such as dichotomous thinking and obsession with body weight. By confronting with a psychologist, the patients tell specifically about their eating patterns, their feeling about it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Moreover, it is cost effective, compared to individual therapy. The group therapy suggested by McKisack et al in 1997 was further supported by family system model established by Minuchin. The model states that dysfunctional behavior of individuals is basically caused by dysfunction within the family. By using family therapy, the psychologist tried to form family system again along healthy lines. As can be seen from the above studies and research findings, treatment of bulimia nervosa can be varied. It has been shown that treatment of the eating disorder is linked to what was thought to be etiology. Not only biomedical treatment, but also cognitive behavioral therapy and group therapy can be used for each different types of etiology. However, one certain thing is that we cannot be reductionist. We have to take into consideration all sociocultural, biological and cognitive factors. Likewise, causes of bulimia nervosa can be complex, and people benefit from the each different types of treatment. Therefore, eclectic approach, which is to treat patients not only biologically but also cognitively and socially, may be more effective to treat the eating disorder. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    Brain scanning techniques 4. Personality tests, IQ tests 1. Patients are interviewed with a checklist of questions 1. Mental health status examination is then completed with the clinicians evaluation of patients responses of the interview 2. Follow the standardized diagnostic system 3. DSM and ICD - classification systems used by western psychiatrists 1.

  2. Examine how one or more factors (biological, cognitive, socio-cultural) influence either one specific anxiety ...

    Moreover, it may be vulnerable to the Sheff?s (1996) self-fulfilling prophecy, in the sense that if, for example a veteran is diagnosed with PTSD, he may expect to experience the symptoms if there will be a similar stimulus. Hence, when he will hear the sound of a whistle he will

  1. To What Extent Can Music Improve a Child's Intelligence?

    rest of the population and therefore end up subconsciously conforming to the idea, making it a self-fulfilling prophecy. IQ tests also do not distinguish whether intelligence is a result of genetic predisposition or environmental factors. Most experts tend to agree that it is a mixture of both, due to the

  2. Psychology IB Abnormality Notes

    Suggests innate predisposition. Conclusion 1. link biological, cognitive and sociocultural together 1. We cannot always be certain of the statistics due to cultural issues No one single cause. We are all unique. Influences on us vary profoundly from person to person.

  1. Etiology of Eating Disorders

    In contrast, perceived parental encouragement of autonomy is associated with less dieting behavior (Strong & Huon 1998), possibly serving a protective function against EDs. Mothers of girls with EDs may well have an inï¬uence on their daughters’ pathology. They think that their daughters should lose more weight and describe

  2. A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier by Ishmael Beah--A Psychological Analysis ...

    They teased each other, they played games, competed with each other, but most importantly they identified with each other. The influence of peers throughout Ishmael?s story is of great significance. Erikson (1968) claimed that adolescence marks a shift from identifying with one?s parents and siblings to an emphasis in peer relations.

  1. Psychology. Discuss two errors in attributions.

    male college students were asked to write essays ? one about why they liked the woman they dated most frequently and why they had chosen their major. They were then made to write two more essays about there best friends dating interest and major.

  2. Explain the relationship between culture and health

    scientific basis and was even disproved by Redford Williamson of Duke University who claimed it was only the hostile factors such as anger and hostility that could be linked to CHD and not the personality itself.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work