• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Essay: Piaget's theory of studying.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Piaget's interest lay chiefly in the build-up of a basic framework of thought about knowledge. His whole psychological theory of development rested upon the principle of continuous interaction between the child and the world around him. Using the results from his studies of school children and his own children, Piaget proposed that the mind develops as a whole, but that within that whole children develop through a series of four mental stages. Each of the stages are qualitatively different from one another, and progressively more advanced. In addition, each stage produces a distinct way of thinking about oneself and the world, that is different for each stage Piaget observed among his children, that as infants they all manipulated objects as a way in which to gain knowledge about them. ...read more.

Middle

They can understand the stable, identifying features of an object, but have trouble comprehending when that same object is in some manner transformed. According to Piaget, when children are about seven or eight years old they develop the ability to understand reversible actions called "operations". This means that they understand that if you roll a ball of clay into a sausage shape, you can reverse this action and turn it back into a ball of clay. Although the child is becoming capable of increasingly logical thought, he or she still has trouble dealing with abstract ideas. By about the age of twelve the child should be entering the last stage, known as the period of formal-operational thought. Now the child can apply operational thinking even to actions that are not reversible in actuality, but in theory. ...read more.

Conclusion

One of the weaknesses is that the model is flawed and is not always 100% accurate, it is at best a way to guesstimate. Another weakness is that scientist now believe that each learning facility operates on a different level(modularity of mind) unlike Piaget's belief that they were intertwined The key ideas of Piaget's and Vygotsky's theory differ. Piaget believed that intelligence came from action. He held that children learn through interacting with their surroundings and that learning takes place after development. Alternatively, Vygotsky felt that learning happens before development can occur and that children learn because of history and symbolism (Slavin, 2003, p.30, 43). Vygotsky also believed that children value input from their surroundings and from others. Piaget did not place importance on the input of others. Piaget and Vygotsky's theories on cognitive development also have differing opinions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Understanding Childrens Behaviour. The purpose of this writing is to explore the theoretical ...

    He believed that children's cognitive understandings were enriched and deepened when they were 'scaffolded' by parent, teachers or peers (Berk, 1996). Unlike Piaget, Vygotsky did not see the child as a solitary discoverer of knowledge, but as learning within social interactions that involve communicating.

  2. Attachment Theory

    rock, scream, and cry" The reason for this violent act could be explained because of a non- responsive mother. "Harlow's experiments offered irrefutable proof that love is vital for normal childhood development. Additional experiments by Harlow revealed the long-term devastation caused by deprivation, leading to profound psychological and emotional distress

  1. In this essay I will be talking about the detection of pheromones through diffusion ...

    The VNO is found in many animals, including snakes and mammals such as mice, rats, elephants, cattle, dogs, goats and pigs. The VNO organ is a well developed detecting organ that is found in suck mammals like the Cebus capucinus.

  2. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    that they have a problem, therefore they will look at them differently and consider them as people with mental problems 2. Rosenhan: this research shows that the "patients" who were emitted into psychiatric hospitals could not leave even though they have told the doctors that it was an experience 1.

  1. Schema Theory and Theories of Cognitive Processes

    ways: first, structural processing which we encode only the physical qualities of a thing; second, phonemic processing, which is when we encode its sound and third, semantic processing, which happens when we encode the meaning of a word and relate it to similar words with similar meaning.

  2. Where does Schizophrenia Lie in the Spectrum of Nature vs Nurture?

    Genetics does play a role in a person?s risk of developing schizophrenia; however, it has been proven that 60% of schizophrenics have no family members with this disorder. People who have first-degree relatives with schizophrenia only have a 10% risk of developing it (Genetic factors and mental disorders - children).

  1. To What Extent Can Music Improve a Child's Intelligence?

    Even though the Mozart effect did not improve intelligence to the initial extent that Rauscher had claimed it had, it did have a noticeable effect on a certain type of intelligence. The notion that music could have a positive effect on specific types of intelligence was enough to lead researchers

  2. The Schema theory which was derived by Sir Frederic Bartlet (1886-1969) ascertains that the ...

    They were told to wait there for a period of time and when they were told to come out again the researchers asked them to recall as much of the objects in the office as they could. They found that office related objects were easily recalled and some even invented which could have fit into an office, (e.g.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work