• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Essay: Piaget's theory of studying.

Extracts from this document...


Piaget's interest lay chiefly in the build-up of a basic framework of thought about knowledge. His whole psychological theory of development rested upon the principle of continuous interaction between the child and the world around him. Using the results from his studies of school children and his own children, Piaget proposed that the mind develops as a whole, but that within that whole children develop through a series of four mental stages. Each of the stages are qualitatively different from one another, and progressively more advanced. In addition, each stage produces a distinct way of thinking about oneself and the world, that is different for each stage Piaget observed among his children, that as infants they all manipulated objects as a way in which to gain knowledge about them. ...read more.


They can understand the stable, identifying features of an object, but have trouble comprehending when that same object is in some manner transformed. According to Piaget, when children are about seven or eight years old they develop the ability to understand reversible actions called "operations". This means that they understand that if you roll a ball of clay into a sausage shape, you can reverse this action and turn it back into a ball of clay. Although the child is becoming capable of increasingly logical thought, he or she still has trouble dealing with abstract ideas. By about the age of twelve the child should be entering the last stage, known as the period of formal-operational thought. Now the child can apply operational thinking even to actions that are not reversible in actuality, but in theory. ...read more.


One of the weaknesses is that the model is flawed and is not always 100% accurate, it is at best a way to guesstimate. Another weakness is that scientist now believe that each learning facility operates on a different level(modularity of mind) unlike Piaget's belief that they were intertwined The key ideas of Piaget's and Vygotsky's theory differ. Piaget believed that intelligence came from action. He held that children learn through interacting with their surroundings and that learning takes place after development. Alternatively, Vygotsky felt that learning happens before development can occur and that children learn because of history and symbolism (Slavin, 2003, p.30, 43). Vygotsky also believed that children value input from their surroundings and from others. Piaget did not place importance on the input of others. Piaget and Vygotsky's theories on cognitive development also have differing opinions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Understanding Childrens Behaviour. The purpose of this writing is to explore the theoretical ...

    "The act of sucking is the most primitive manner of knowing the innermost self of another, and to suck the other into one's innermost" (Baum, W.M.2005, p. 139). During infancy, the baby obtains nourishment and pleasure from sucking at the mother's breast, thus reducing tension caused by the hunger drive.

  2. Attachment Theory

    room with their caregiver/attachment-figure and would be let to explore, then a stranger would walk in, then the caregiver would leave for a period of time, and finally the attachment-figure would return. At each of the four stages, Ainsworth observed the infants actions and reactions and concluded the following.

  1. In this essay I will be talking about the detection of pheromones through diffusion ...

    This pheromone prevents the nurse bees from maturing early to become a forager bee. This is a very vitel way in which honey bee conenies opporate for the servivel. Here is the name given to the pheromones that honey bees use Ethyl (Z)-octadec-9-enoate and here is it's molecular formula C20H38O2

  2. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    that they have a problem, therefore they will look at them differently and consider them as people with mental problems 2. Rosenhan: this research shows that the "patients" who were emitted into psychiatric hospitals could not leave even though they have told the doctors that it was an experience 1.

  1. To What Extent Can Music Improve a Child's Intelligence?

    There is also biological evidence to suggest why music instruction has a positive influence on second language acquisition, as researchers have found that parts of the brain associated with music are also associated with language (Science Daily, 2007). This would therefore suggest that when a child practices and improves their


    The culture of poverty theory is an entrenched attitude that can develop among poor communities and lead the poor to ?accept their fate rather than attempting to improve their lot? (Ferris &ump; Stein, 2008, 2010). The theories? were later adopted by social scientists and used for American poverty, specifically in inner cities!

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work