• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate Social Learning Theory

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐The Social Learning Theory was first introduced by Albert Bandura. This type of learning is also known as Observational learning. Social learning occurs by the process of observing a model behaving a certain way, and then replicating that behavior. This theory was a very important contribution to psychology because it explained how behavior was learnt simply by observation. This theory has both advantages and limitations. A strength of this theory is that it explains some behavior that is not explained by classical and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is learning by association, while operant conditioning is learning by consequences. This aspect of the theory can evidently be seen in the ?Bobo Doll Experiment? carried out by Bandura in 1961. In this experiment the participants consisted of 36 boys and 36 girls, all aged 3 to 6. ...read more.

Middle

But were told that they could not touch the toys because they were for other kids. This was done to build up the child?s frustration. After 20 minutes in the room, the child was taken to another room where they were allowed to play with the toys. They were watched to see if they reproduced aggressive behavior. The results showed that those kids exposed to an aggressive model were more likely to show aggressive behavior. Boys were three times more likely to show physically aggressive behavior than girls. This is because aggression from men is more socially accepted. Both the sexes showed an equal amount of verbal aggression. This study shows how the social learning theory can explain behavior learnt from observations. Another strength of this theory is that it has cognitive, cultural, and biological aspects involved in it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another limitation is that although people observe behavior, it is not necessarily true that they will reproduce that behavior because they can think for themselves. This can be seen in a study carried out by Charleton (1995). Charleton wanted to see if children at St. Helena would become more aggressive if they were exposed to aggressive models on television. He brought television to the island, and the children watched the same amount of aggressive television programs as children in Britain. The results of this study showed that children did not behave more aggressively. This was because aggression was socially discourages at St. Helena, so they did not reproduce this behavior. This shows how although they observed aggressive behavior, they chose not to reproduce it. This basically goes against the social learning theory because according to the theory, if the children observed it, then they should have reproduced it. The social learning theory has several limitations and strengths. It was an important contribution by Albert Bandura, to explain behavior learnt by observation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Understanding Childrens Behaviour. The purpose of this writing is to explore the theoretical ...

    Bandura (1977) states that 'it is necessary for any comprehensive theory of human behaviour to recognize that something goes on inside an organism that affects its response to stimuli, often guides its behaviour, and influences the value of reinforces. Bandura's theory emphasize the use of concepts that can be measured, and the experimental manipulation of variables.

  2. Anger and Aggression in Males and Females

    To prove influence of the amount of this hormone in the body on the behavior, a series of experiments was done, where pregnant monkeys were injected with this hormone and their female offspring were observed to have some anatomic changes (different genital organs)

  1. Describe and evaluate one theory from the Humanistic Perspective

    who sought a job as fishermen had higher hopes even if he knew that the job could be risky, at the same time a person favouring cane cutting is much probably searching for security as the wages are more fixed as cane cutter than a fishermen.

  2. Attachment Theory

    Harlow was most famous for his wire-mother experiment (Harlow, 1958). Through this experiment he "revealed the importance of a mother's love for healthy childhood development." Taking just born rhesus monkeys away from their mother's to a lab surrogate mothers, the monkeys were observed to see which surrogate they would pick, the wire monkey with a feeding bottle (providing nutrition)

  1. Outline and evaluate one or more psychological exlpanations for Schizophrenia

    Also it tells us nothing about the prognosis of the disorder. Another psychological explanation of Sz is the psychodynamic approach. The basic assumption of the psychodynamic model is that our adult characteristics are rooted in our childhoods experiences are are a result of problems between the developing personality.

  2. Where does Schizophrenia Lie in the Spectrum of Nature vs Nurture?

    Sadly, he failed his doctorate degree. When his brothers were telling him something was wrong with him, he was in denial. He did not believe that his behavior was odd and he kept imaging things. He dealt with these symptoms until he started taking shots.

  1. Psychology biological level of analysis revision

    Acetylcholine and Memory A key study was conducted in 1991 by Martinez and Kesner to determine the role of acetylcholine in memory using rats. The lab rats were trained to go through a maze, where at the end they received food.

  2. Evaluation of Social Learning Theory

    The observer?s ability to reproduce a behavior improves with practice. In motivation, it is understood that the observer must have some motivation behind the reproduction of the behavior, such as an incentive. These imagined incentives act as reinforcers. Reinforces can be categorized into two groups: positive and negative.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work