• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate Social Learning Theory

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐The Social Learning Theory was first introduced by Albert Bandura. This type of learning is also known as Observational learning. Social learning occurs by the process of observing a model behaving a certain way, and then replicating that behavior. This theory was a very important contribution to psychology because it explained how behavior was learnt simply by observation. This theory has both advantages and limitations. A strength of this theory is that it explains some behavior that is not explained by classical and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is learning by association, while operant conditioning is learning by consequences. This aspect of the theory can evidently be seen in the ?Bobo Doll Experiment? carried out by Bandura in 1961. In this experiment the participants consisted of 36 boys and 36 girls, all aged 3 to 6. ...read more.

Middle

But were told that they could not touch the toys because they were for other kids. This was done to build up the child?s frustration. After 20 minutes in the room, the child was taken to another room where they were allowed to play with the toys. They were watched to see if they reproduced aggressive behavior. The results showed that those kids exposed to an aggressive model were more likely to show aggressive behavior. Boys were three times more likely to show physically aggressive behavior than girls. This is because aggression from men is more socially accepted. Both the sexes showed an equal amount of verbal aggression. This study shows how the social learning theory can explain behavior learnt from observations. Another strength of this theory is that it has cognitive, cultural, and biological aspects involved in it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another limitation is that although people observe behavior, it is not necessarily true that they will reproduce that behavior because they can think for themselves. This can be seen in a study carried out by Charleton (1995). Charleton wanted to see if children at St. Helena would become more aggressive if they were exposed to aggressive models on television. He brought television to the island, and the children watched the same amount of aggressive television programs as children in Britain. The results of this study showed that children did not behave more aggressively. This was because aggression was socially discourages at St. Helena, so they did not reproduce this behavior. This shows how although they observed aggressive behavior, they chose not to reproduce it. This basically goes against the social learning theory because according to the theory, if the children observed it, then they should have reproduced it. The social learning theory has several limitations and strengths. It was an important contribution by Albert Bandura, to explain behavior learnt by observation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Attachment Theory

    A later experiment of Harlow supports this development. Harlow created a strange situation setting where the monkeys used the surrogate mother as their secure base (caregiver). But when the mother left for a period of time, they no longer had a secure base and so "would often freeze up, crouch,

  2. Anger and Aggression in Males and Females

    people identify with since people do not react in all the anger-provoking situations in the same way. They follow behavioral patterns, which they have implemented as an appropriate method to cope with all kind of situations. In other words, when expressing anger in response to the situational settings, role-playing is likely to occur.

  1. Evaluation of Social Learning Theory

    Positive reinforcers encourage continuation of reproducing the model behavior, while negative reinforcers discourage it. Essentially, Bandura believed that one?s behavior and their environment cause each other; whereas it was in common belief that environment caused one?s behavior.

  2. How successful is the Social Learning Theory in explaining Bahaviour?

    If one expects a positive outcome from a behaviour, or thinks there is a high probability of a positive outcome, then they will be more likely to engage in that behaviour. The behaviour is reinforced, with positive outcomes, leading a person to repeat the behaviour.

  1. Outline the principles of social cultural level of analysis and explain how they ...

    The last principal which is important at this level of analysis that will be talked about is people?s views of the world are resistant to change. People always tend to adapt to change but never accept it graciously. Hence there is always dissidence towards it.

  2. Outline and evaluate one or more psychological exlpanations for Schizophrenia

    Another family variable associated with Sz is a high degree of expressed emotions. Expressed emotion refers to a family communication style that involves criticism, hostility and over-involvement and high levels of expressed emotion are associated with high relapse rates, suggesting that this also has an impact on explaining Sz.

  1. Psychology biological level of analysis revision

    Nor epinephrine is usually excitatory but in some parts of the brain, it is inhibitory. Serotonin is a NT involved in many functions including mood, appetite and sensory perception. In the spinal cord, serotonin is inhibitory in pain pathways. Demonstrate Effects of Neurotransmission Using 3 Examples with Supporting Key Studies

  2. Where does Schizophrenia Lie in the Spectrum of Nature vs Nurture?

    A delusion is a belief that is held with complete certainty despite the fact that it is based on an unrealistic view. Delusions are positive symptoms that are very common and contribute to several different cases of schizophrenia such as paranoid schizophrenia, and undifferentiated schizophrenia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work