• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the multi store model of memory.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Multi ? Store Model of memory 1, Diagram of the multi ? store model Information lost through interference or retrieval failure Sensory Information Sensory Memory Forgotten Short ? term memory Attention Rehearsal Long Term memory Information lost through decay or displacement 2, Outline the multi store model The Multi ? Store model explains how information flows from one storage system to another. This system works that you have three storage systems. See the diagram above. The model works that the sensory memory is the first part of your memory this is where the first information goes which is called sensory information if this information is not passed on to the short ? term memory than it is forgotten. Once the information s given the big red light and moved onto the STM it is then rehearsed and is transferred to long-term memory. The greater the amount of STM rehearsal, the greater the likelihood it will transfer to LTM for long-term storage. 3, Give two criticism of the model. Remember to explain why each of these is a criticism. The first criticism of the model is that the model sees memory as passive and limited by the amount of space available. Contemporary researchers like to see memory as an active process, limited by processing ? how much time and attention is paid to sensory information. ...read more.

Middle

The central executive is a flexible system that can process information received by all the senses. It can hold information for a short time. Baddeley believed that it was the CE which resources the decision-making. It allocates resources to the other slave system depending on what the task is. The CE can also be thought of as the fat controller from Thomas the Tank engine it plays the same role as he does. The other three boxes are the slave systems. The first area is the articulatory loop. This area is a verbal rehearsal loop this holds words, which we are just about to use though speaking. The information is represented as it would be spoken, hence the ?inner voice?. The loop works in about two seconds. The second area is the phonological store this is also known as the ?inner ear?. This area receives auditory information and stores it an acoustic code. These two are related because they are both sound information. The third area is the visuo-spatial scratch pad (sketchpad). This area helps to rehearse visual or spatial information. It uses a visual code, analysing features in terms of colour, size and shape. This is why this is called the ?inner eye?. ...read more.

Conclusion

3,Give two criticism of the model. Remember to explain why each of these is a criticism. The first criticism of this model is that there are problems with measuring the depth of processing. The more deeply you process information, the better you remember. ________________ Use all the words listed below to complete the blanks in this review of why we might forget: In short-term memory, information may be forgotten because it is displaced by new information. Or perhaps the of the information may because it is not . The Atkinson and Schiffrin multi-store model suggests the amount of information and the process in which information is received may predict whether we remember it. The Craik and Lockhart model of memory suggests that the way we Information is important. This model proposes three levels of processing: structural, which is a shallow level of processing in which we focus on what information looks like; acoustic, in which we focus on what information sounds like; and semantic, which is the deepest level of processing. If we think about the meaning of information, the ,we are less likely to forget it. Psychologists have also suggested that we forget information held in LTM because learning with existing learning (this is interference). Sometimes we cannot remember information unless we have a meaningful which is called cue-dependent forgetting. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Testing the effect of different types of music on memory.

    1.4 Investigation Variables 1.4.1 TABLE 1: Practical Investigations Variables Independent Variables Different types of music based on the dissonance (rock, jazz, orchestral, strings and no music) Dependent Variables Number of words participants could recall from the list Controlled Variables The volume of music The time allocated to view the list

  2. The effect and role of organization on memory and recall

    hierarchy' and another group was presented with the same words but in a random format to learn. Upon recall, it was found that that participants presented with the organized form could remember 47% more words than those who were given the random one.

  1. Psychology - analysing myself.

    I feel that if I fail it is my own doing that has caused it. For instance, when interviewing for a job. I don't think that a person that is picked over me is the reason I didn't get the job, I think it is because the skill set needed isn't something I possess.

  2. What is Memory and What Causes Memory Loss?

    As you age physical changes in the brain can make it hard more difficult to remember efficiently. The good news though, is that memory loss and dementia are inevitable. Anything that affects the cognition, the process of thinking, learning and remembering, can affect memory.

  1. Essay outline for Topic 2 & 3

    Leader emerged. (�for loyalty, commitment, identification) 3. (Phase 2, competitive/hostility phase) Boys meet each other. Sherif gives them conflict saying the winning team wins a prize. The boys became hostile, called names, burned flags, carried out raids, fist fought. They also praised their own members. 4. (Phase 3, superordinate goals)

  2. To What Extent Is Memory A Reliable Process?

    Memory retrieval is, indeed, influenced by specific schemas; different activated schema delivers different memory recall. This explanation coheres with Anderson and Pichert?s study previously described, for which participants supposedly encoded for information incompatible with the activated schema at the time. Despite a few contradictions, Loftus and Palmer?s reconstructive hypothesis (EWT)

  1. An experiment to investigate whether word connotation truly does have an effect on memory

    and reconstructive memory is recall that is hypothesized to work by storing abstract features which are then used to construct the memory during recall (by the American Psychological Association). Numerous studies say that memory is not always a fully trustworthy source of information and therefore, memory is not a perfect representation of the event that is being recalled.

  2. A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier by Ishmael Beah--A Psychological Analysis ...

    One instance in particular shows the concern that they had for one another. One of the boys, Saidu, fainted one night when the boys were hiding in the bushes from a potential threat?three people that are on the same path that they themselves were traveling.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work