• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain and evaluate one key concept from the Cognitive Perspective

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain and evaluate one key concept from the Cognitive Perspective The Cognitive Perspective describes the mental processes affecting emotion and the causes of behaviour; one key concept in this important passage is memory in which much of our previous remembered events are stored. The memory section of the Cognitive Perspective demonstrates the ability of thinking in order to perceive information and how to store the information properly in order to remember them when necessary. There are many studies that show different processes as of how we store and manage the stimulus input that we perceive from our surroundings. One of the most common theories nowadays is he Working Store Model developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin in 1968. The model divides the data that we store in our memory into three "stores". The first stage is the Sensory Store; here data is subdivided into different sections depending on what sense we perceived the data (i.e. visual and acoustic). The next step in the store model is the Short Term Store (STS) where we store the memory that we think we will need temporarily by the process of coding. ...read more.

Middle

Instead of the STM and LTM, Lockhart and Craik presented a new model that replaced the Multi Store Model. Lockhart and Craik meant that instead of the three stores the stimulus has to pass by; there might be three steps in which we interpret the stimulus, the first step is the Shallow level where we interpret the stimulus according to its surface meaning or according to its structure. Then the stimulus, if proven important enough to be stored further, passes to the next step where we interpret the data according to its acoustic sound, this area is called the acoustic level. The final area in which the data is stored, more or less forever, is the Deep level. Here we interpret the stimulus according to its deeper meaning. The deeper meaning might vary between people as we judge the deep meaning of something according to different variables depending on gender or culture. This theory has been criticised many times since it came out. Tyler (1979) questioned the ability of depth to store the memories; he rather interpreted the storing input as a fruit of the processing effort that leads to storing of the input. ...read more.

Conclusion

they repeated the test, however after 15 tries the children only remembered two new words in addition of the ten words they could remember from the first test, unlike the children in the United States where they showed evidence of rapid learning. Later analysis of the study revealed that the difference was due to the inability of the Liberian children to group the word in sections and thus remembered easier, an ability that helped the US children greatly. It was evident that the school learning helped the US children to categorise the words and thus remembered easier. This study shows that the learning codes that we have discovered and discussed in our western world in ages aren't universal, but they depend greatly on the cultural and background of the people. As clearly as it is, we use different processes in learning and one rule of learning cannot be applied on all human beings. In conclusion, memory is a complex process of storing and learning the stimulus input we perceive from our environment, one important aspect to consider in our study of memory is that human beings are different and we never learn in the same way. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Testing the effect of different types of music on memory.

    The main objective is to improve the accuracy of this experiment. In order to do so, it would be wise to increase the number participants and widen the age range. Another improvement is to choose songs with similar tempos and are all common, popular songs that most people should be familiar with.

  2. An experiment to investigate the effect of categorical organisation on the recall of words ...

    was correct and accepted. Also the participants in condition A often wrote their recalled words in a similar format to the hierarchy shown to them on page A. On the other hand the participants in Condition B were seen to organise their recalled words in a list or a form that did not group the words of a similar subject.

  1. An Investigation of the Effect the Presence of Different Genres of Music Have on ...

    Materials: Laptop Headphones 1 Heavy metal song 1 Classical song Method: The subjects underwent an online reaction rate test that determined their response to a change in visual stimuli (they have to click the mouse once the light on the screen changes from red to green).

  2. Describe and evaluate one theory from the Humanistic Perspective

    Self-actualisation is the need for growth and prominence. According to Maslow this last need is extensible since the desire to grow and develop is present throughout all the time, and people can never have enough from growing. He also emphasised the occurring of "peak experiences" in a person's life in order to come closer to Self-actualisation.

  1. The Cognitive Perspective

    He demonstrated that simple behaviours can is completed by a process called TOTE (Test, Operate, Test, and Exit) and that this strategy is shown to be the overall strategy used at any time. During the 1920s, Jean Piaget inspired psychologists into the study of cognition.

  2. A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier by Ishmael Beah--A Psychological Analysis ...

    field-worker from the Children Associated with the War Organization (CAW), informed Ishmael that he had not been able to locate Ishmael?s family and that he would have to be placed with a foster family. Ishmael informed Leslie that he remembered his father mentioning that he had an uncle, Tommy that lived in Freetown.

  1. Schema Theory and Theories of Cognitive Processes

    Evaluate two models or theories of one cognitive process with reference to research studies The two models or theories I will be looking for the cognitive process of Memory are the Multi Store Memory Model and the Level of Processing Model.

  2. Outline the principles of social cultural level of analysis and explain how they ...

    The study consisted of a laboratory experiment. The subjects were 64 boys, 14 and 15 years old from a comprehensive school in a suburb of Bristol. The boys were informed that they would be divided into groups such as ?over-estimators? or ?under-estimators? according to the results of visual test.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work