• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain one psychological or social question from the cognitive perspective

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ERIKA P�RN IB07 6. a) Explain one psychological or social question from the cognitive perspective One psychological question, which may be explained using the cognitive approach is aggression. Aggression being the social question may be defined as any form of behavior directed towards the goal of harming or injuring another living being who is motivated to avoid such treatment. The cognitive approach is concerned with how people acquire, store, transform, and use information. Cognitive psychologists rejected behaviorist assumption that mental events or states were unsuitable for scientific research. The main assumption of this perspective is that mental processes can be investigated scientifically. Thus aggression is explained by concentrating on how cognitive processes actively organize and manipulate information received. According to the cognitive perspective humans do not merely respond passively to the environment. This may be seen as soft determinism. Thus aggression is something outside our control as it is linked to cognitive processes within the brain. ...read more.

Middle

With the assumption that aggression is learned the cognitive approach sees aggression as something, which is uncertain and not inevitable. Thus this approach asserts that humans are nor good or evil inherently. Behavior depends completely on what we have learned. b) Compare the cognitive explanation of the question with the explanation offered by one other perspective you have studied for this paper. Behaviorist and Cognitive approach seem to share several similarities when explaining aggression. As the cognitive approach the learning approach also sees aggression as something that can be learnt from the environment. To a certain extent both approaches are deterministic and are thus tied when explaining aggression. Both perspectives see social behavior such as aggression as something that can be learned. There are different types of aggression. The first being instrumental aggression and the second hostile aggression. Instrumental aggression is linked to the behavioristic explanation of aggression. Where as Hostile aggression is connected with the cognitive explanation of aggressive behavior. ...read more.

Conclusion

Cognition explains that frustration results in many responses one of which being aggression. Already with the use of the word response frustration aggression hypothesis can be seen related with the learning perspective. With the behaviorist explanation on aggression it is obvious that direct reinforcement is seen as the trigger of aggression. Learning is defined as behavior through learned experiences. Modelling is another factor affecting the acquisition of aggressive behavior. Modelling is learning through imitation, observing a model being rewarded or punished for his/her behavior. Modeling and imitation was seen in the classic study of Bandura & Ross on children's imitation of adult models behaving aggressively or non-aggressively. In conclusion aggression can be explained with many approaches. With behaviorist and cognitive explanations it is evident that what ties these two perspectives is the determinism they both incorporate. The difference between cognitive and behaviouristic is that cognition seeks to explain reactions to aggression-eliciting stimuli and the way in which they pave way for aggressive responses where as behaviorism tends to understand aggressive behavior of an individual dependent upon direct reinforcement as well as observational learning. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Understanding Childrens Behaviour. The purpose of this writing is to explore the theoretical ...

    He believed that children's cognitive understandings were enriched and deepened when they were 'scaffolded' by parent, teachers or peers (Berk, 1996). Unlike Piaget, Vygotsky did not see the child as a solitary discoverer of knowledge, but as learning within social interactions that involve communicating.

  2. Describe and evaluate one theory from the Humanistic Perspective

    Maslow argued that there is a growth motive in the people that drives them to fulfil the needs that are described above.

  1. Free essay

    How to handle emotions better. Understanding emotions helps to see the world form a ...

    It helps to handle challenges, build strong relationships and have fulfilling life and finally when bad things happen they tend to deal with it and move on. It is very important to invest enough time and put some effort to build or maintain emotional health.

  2. The behavioural approach is the assumption that behaviour is learned. Experience and interactions with ...

    ''Albert Bandura argued that individuals, especially children learn aggressive responses from observing others, either personally or through the media and environment. He stated that many individuals believed that aggression will produce reinforcements. These reinforcements can formulate into reduction of tension, gaining financial rewards or gaining the praise of others, or building self esteem (www.des.emory.edu./mfp/bandurabio.html).

  1. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    Self fulfilling prophecy / discrimination may exist when people are giving a label 1. Those who have a wrong label will still suffer from self fulfilling prophecy 1. Scheff 1966: self fulfilling prophecy: people acting as they are expected to 2.

  2. Outline and evaluate one or more psychological exlpanations for Schizophrenia

    Also it tells us nothing about the prognosis of the disorder. Another psychological explanation of Sz is the psychodynamic approach. The basic assumption of the psychodynamic model is that our adult characteristics are rooted in our childhoods experiences are are a result of problems between the developing personality.

  1. To what extent is positive education in classroom settings successful in enhancing students happiness?

    (Brunwasser & Gillham, 2008) evaluated whether PRP is effective in targeting depression symptoms in youth. This was done by a meta-analysis of 17 studies. They found that students who have been following the Penn Resiliency Program reported significant lower depression symptom in comparison to youths who haven?t experienced any intervention.

  2. Psychology IB Abnormality Notes

    brain scans 1. PET or CAT (especially in cases of schizophrenia or Alzheimer's disease) 1. Artificial environment, therefore the participants may act differently 2. Act under demand characteristics 3. Expensive, requires expert 4. Ethical findings on abnormalities in the brain 5. Useful, because you can look at brain activity to see to what extent brain activity has effects on abnormal behavior 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work