• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain social identity theory

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐November 14, 2012 Psychology essay: SAQ:Explain SIT theory The social identity theory was first developed by Tajfel and his colleagues in 1979, in the context of trying to explain prejudice and discrimination. Prejudice and discriminations are basically a result of stereotypes.Prejudice is an attitude while discrimination is a behavior.According to the Realistic conflict theory by Sherif et al.(1961),prejudice arises as a result of a conflict of interests. Tajfel however disagreed with Sherif and argued that the mere fact of categorization is enough to cause ingroup bias. An example of minimal group experiment ,(an experiment where people are assigned to groups on the basis of very minimal identifications), that explains thoroughly ...read more.

Middle

decision about how to allocate points to a member of their own group and a member of the other group.The results were completely rational and justifiable .The boys showed an ingroup favoritism ,preferring to allocate more points to their ingroup instead of the outgroup. In addition,they showed a positive distinctiveness since they preferred the option where they would allocate points to their team having the maximum difference with the outgroup ,sacrificing some points for their team. In order to fully justify the choices the participants did from the above experiment, we base our assumptions on the social identity theory ;a part of our self-concept that is based on knowledge of our membership of one or more social groups. ...read more.

Conclusion

of groups differences and ingroup similarities is called the category accentuation effect.Social comparison is when we strive for a positive self-concept.In when we continuously compare ingroups with relevant outgroups. The motivational processes refer to our general self esteem and self enhancement. In conclusion we must refer to some reductionist critiques of the social identity theory.SIT can indeed explain that we tend to discriminate between one social grouping and another. SIT cannot explain the criteria that we use for distinguishing groups and the meaning we give for them. For Foster ,the categorization of people into different social groupings represents an interpretation of the world rather than a description of it. Rosie Lamprakaki ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Explain the formation of stereotypes and their behaviours

    explains the theory of why prejudices tend to remain constant over time, and this shows of why individuals believe in particular traits (beliefs and a cognitive process) of a stereotype group. This can emphasis of certain behaviours shown from each stereotype group, as individuals in in-group has beliefs of what they should become, and what their self-image should be.

  2. Understanding Childrens Behaviour. The purpose of this writing is to explore the theoretical ...

    With the significant advances in our knowledge of genetics and publication of the draft sequence of the human genome, the focus of research has moved once again towards understanding the biological contribution to behaviour. Some researchers are attempting to locate specific genes, or groups of genes, associated with behavioural traits

  1. Explain social identity theory with referance to relevant research studies

    An experiment conducted by Bandura, Ross and Ross support the learning theory, they investigated whether children would imitate aggression modeled by an adult and whether or not imitation would be more likely with same sex models.

  2. Freud's Theory on Structure and Functioning of Personality

    Depending on the parental treatment the child could develop either an anal retentive or an anal expulsive character. Phallic stage is the stage that occurs between the ages of 3 and 5 or 6 years of a child's life. At this stage the superego fully develops and the child acquires a morality and a gender role identity.

  1. Attachment Theory

    Harlow was most famous for his wire-mother experiment (Harlow, 1958). Through this experiment he "revealed the importance of a mother's love for healthy childhood development." Taking just born rhesus monkeys away from their mother's to a lab surrogate mothers, the monkeys were observed to see which surrogate they would pick, the wire monkey with a feeding bottle (providing nutrition)

  2. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    Low admission rates in minority ethnic groups may reflect cultural beliefs about mental health 3. Cohen 1988: In India, mentally ill people are cursed and looked down upon 4. Rack 1982: In China, mental illness carries great stigma 1. Chinese would therefore be careful to label people with mental disorder 2.

  1. Social identity theory revision notes

    Explains social behaviors such as: 1. Ethnocentrism 2. Ingroup favoritism 3. Intergroup differentiation 4. Stereotypical thinking 5. Conformity to ingroup norms Limitations to the theory: 1. It does not explain the criteria we use for distinguishing groups [eg. Skin color] 1. Neither the meaning we give to these distinctions 1.

  2. Social Identity Theory in Gender

    Their differentiation is determined through stereotypical directions made in society. The stereotypes elicited through the video were made due to obvious physical differences such as race and age, thus the children in the video were socially engineered through generalizations in society.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work